As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 17, 2024 

Registration Statement No. 333-       

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM S-1

REGISTRATION STATEMENT

UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933

 

Bluejay Diagnostics, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware   3841   47-3552922

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(Primary Standard Industrial

Classification Code Number)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification Number)

 

360 Massachusetts Avenue, Suite 203

Acton, MA 01720

(844) 327-7078

(Address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of registrant’s principal executive offices)

 

Neil Dey

Bluejay Diagnostics, Inc.

360 Massachusetts Avenue, Suite 203

Acton, MA 01720

(844) 327-7078

(Name, address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of agent for service)

 

Copies to:

 

Brian C. O’Fahey, Esq.

Helen Ferrall, Esq.

Anthony W. Basch, Esq.

J. Britton Williston, Esq.

Hogan Lovells US LLP Shannon M. McDonough, Esq.
Columbia Square Kaufman & Canoles, P.C.
555 Thirteenth Street, NW 1021 E. Cary St., Suite 1400
Washington, DC 20004 Richmond, Va. 23219
(202) 637-5600 (804) 771-5700

 

Approximate date of commencement of proposed sale to the public: As soon as practicable after this registration statement is declared effective.

 

If any of the securities being registered on this Form are to be offered on a delayed or continuous basis pursuant to Rule 415 under the Securities Act of 1933, check the following box. ☒

 

If this Form is filed to register additional securities for an offering pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. ☐

 

If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(c) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. ☐

 

If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(d) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer ☐

Accelerated filer ☐
Non-accelerated filer ☒ Smaller reporting company ☒
Emerging growth company ☒  

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act. ☐

 

The registrant hereby amends this registration statement on such date or dates as may be necessary to delay its effective date until the registrant shall file a further amendment which specifically states that this registration statement shall thereafter become effective in accordance with Section 8(a) of the Securities Act of 1933 or until this registration statement shall become effective on such date as the Securities and Exchange Commission, acting pursuant to said Section 8(a), may determine.

 

 

 

 

 

The information in this preliminary prospectus is not complete and may be changed. These securities may not be sold until the registration statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission is effective. This preliminary prospectus is not an offer to sell nor does it seek an offer to buy these securities in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted.

 

Subject to Completion, dated June 17, 2024 

 

Preliminary Prospectus

 

 

BLUEJAY DIAGNOSTICS, INC.

 

[●] Units

Each Consisting of One Share of Common Stock or One Prefunded Warrant to Purchase One Share of Common Stock, Two Class C Warrants each to Purchase One Share of Common Stock and One Class D Warrant to Purchase such number of Shares of Common Stock as determined in the Class D Warrant

 

[●] Shares of Common Stock underlying the Class C Warrants

 

[●] Shares of Common Stock underlying the Class D Warrants

 

We are offering, on a firm commitment, underwritten basis, [●] units (“Units”), each Unit consisting of one share of our common stock, par value $0.0001 per share (the “common stock”), two Class C warrants each to purchase one share of our common stock (each, a “Class C Warrant”) and one Class D Warrant to purchase such number of shares of common stock as determined in the Class D Warrant (each, a “Class D Warrant” and together with the Class C Warrants, the “Common Warrants”). The assumed public offering price for each Unit is $[●], which was the last reported sale price of our common stock on The Nasdaq Capital Market, or Nasdaq, on June [●], 2024.

 

The Units have no stand-alone rights and will not be certificated or issued as stand-alone securities. Each Class C Warrant offered hereby is exercisable upon Warrant Stockholder Approval (defined below) at an exercise price of $[●] (assuming an offering price of $[●] per Unit) per share of common stock, and will expire five (5) years from the date of such stockholder approval. Each Class D Warrant offered hereby will be exercisable immediately. The exercise price and number of shares of common stock issuable under the Class D Warrants are subject to adjustment as described in the Class D Warrant.

 

Beginning on the date of the Warrant Stockholder Approval, the Class C Warrants will contain a reset of the exercise price to a price equal to the lesser of (i) the then exercise price and (ii) lowest volume weighted average price (VWAP) during the period commencing five (5) trading days immediately preceding and the five (5) trading days commencing on the date we effect any reverse stock split in the future with a proportionate adjustment to the number of shares underlying the Class C Warrants. Finally, beginning on the date of the Warrant Stockholder Approval, with certain exceptions, the Class C Warrants will provide for an adjustment to the exercise price and number of shares underlying the Class C Warrants upon our issuance of our common stock or common stock equivalents at a price per share that is less than the exercise price of the Class C Warrant. The Class D Warrants will be exercisable immediately. The exercise price and number of shares of common stock issuable under the Class D Warrants are subject to adjustment based on the weighted average price of our common stock over a rolling five (5)-trading day period, subject to certain floor prices in accordance with the terms of the Class D Warrants

 

The adjustment provisions described in the above paragraph included in the Class C Warrants and Class D Warrants will be available, in some cases, only upon receipt of such stockholder approval as may be required by the applicable rules and regulations of the Nasdaq Capital Market to permit the adjustment provisions described in the above paragraph included in the Class C Warrants and Class D Warrants (the “Warrant Stockholder Approval”). In the event that we are unable to obtain the Warrant Stockholder Approval, the Class C Warrants will not be exercisable and certain adjustment provisions described in the above paragraph included in the Class D Warrants will not be effective, and therefore the Class C Warrants and Class D Warrants may have substantially less value. See the Risk Factor on page 13 relating to the Class C Warrants and Class D Warrants and Warrant Stockholder Approval, and see the section entitled “Warrant Stockholder Approval” on page 27 for additional details regarding the Warrant Stockholder Approval.

 

 

 

We are also offering to each purchaser of Units that would otherwise result in the purchaser’s beneficial ownership exceeding 4.99% of our outstanding common stock immediately following the consummation of this offering, the opportunity to purchase Units consisting of one pre-funded warrant (in lieu of one share of common stock, each a “Prefunded Warrant”), two Class C Warrants and one Class D Warrant. Subject to limited exceptions, a holder of Prefunded Warrants will not have the right to exercise any portion of its Prefunded Warrants if the holder, together with its affiliates, would beneficially own in excess of 4.99% (or, at the election of the holder, such limit may be increased to up to 9.99%) of the number of shares of common stock outstanding immediately after giving effect to such exercise. Each Prefunded Warrant will be exercisable for one share of common stock. The purchase price of each Unit including a Prefunded Warrant will be equal to the price per Unit including one share of common stock, minus $0.0001, and the remaining exercise price of each Prefunded Warrant will equal $0.0001 per share. The Prefunded Warrants will be immediately exercisable (subject to the beneficial ownership cap) and may be exercised at any time until all of the Prefunded Warrants are exercised in full. For each Unit including a Prefunded Warrant we sell (without regard to any limitation on exercise set forth therein), the number of Units including a share of common stock we are offering will be decreased on a one-for-one basis.

 

This prospectus also includes the shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of the Class C Warrants, Class D Warrants, and the Prefunded Warrants.

 

The common stock and Prefunded Warrants can each be purchased in this offering only with the accompanying Class C Warrants and Class D Warrants that are part of a Unit, but the components of the Units will be immediately separable and will be issued separately in this offering. See “Description of Capital Stock” in this prospectus for more information.

 

Our common stock is listed on The Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbol “BJDX.” The last reported sale price of our common stock on The Nasdaq Capital Market on June [●], 2024 was $[●] per share. There is no established public trading market for the Class C Warrants, Class D Warrants, or the Prefunded Warrants, and we do not intend to list the Class C Warrants, Class D Warrants, or the Prefunded Warrants on any national securities exchange or trading system. Without an active trading market, the liquidity of the Class C Warrants, Class D Warrants, and the Prefunded Warrants will be limited.

 

The final public offering price of the Units will be determined through negotiation between us and the underwriter, based upon a number of factors, including our history and our prospects, the industry in which we operate, our past and present operating results, the previous experience of our executive officers and the general condition of the securities markets at the time of this offering.

 

We have granted Aegis Capital Corp., as underwriter, an option, exercisable for 45 days from the closing date of this offering, to purchase up to [●] additional shares of common stock and/or Prefunded Warrants, representing 15% of the shares of common stock and/or Prefunded Warrants sold in the offering, and/or up to [●] Class C Warrants, representing 15% of the Class C Warrants sold in the offering, and/or up to [●] Class D Warrants, representing 15% of the Class D Warrants sold in the offering. The underwriter may exercise the over-allotment option with respect to shares of common stock only, Prefunded Warrants only, Class C Warrants only, Class D Warrants only, or any combination thereof.

 

You should read this prospectus, together with additional information described under the headings “Information Incorporated by Reference” and “Where You Can Find Additional Information,” carefully before you invest in any of our securities.

 

 

 

We are an “emerging growth company” as that term is used in the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 and as such, are subject to reduced public company disclosure standards for this prospectus and our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. See “Prospectus Summary—Implications of Being an Emerging Growth Company.”

 

Investing in our securities involves a high degree of risk. See “Risk Factors” beginning on page 13 of this prospectus for a discussion of risks that should be considered in connection with an investment in our securities.

 

Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or passed upon the adequacy or the accuracy of this prospectus. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

 

   Per Unit   Total 
Public offering price  $                  $                
Underwriting discounts and commissions (8.5%)(1)    $   $ 
Proceeds to us, before expenses  $   $ 

 

 

(1)Does not include a non-accountable expense allowance equal to $75,000. See “Underwriting” for a description of compensation payable to the underwriter.

 

The underwriter expects to deliver our securities to purchasers in the offering on or about              , 2024.

 

Aegis Capital Corp.

 

The date of this prospectus is              , 2024

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

  Page
PROSPECTUS SUMMARY 1
THE OFFERING 10
RISK FACTORS 13
SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS 19
SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA 20
USE OF PROCEEDS 21
DIVIDEND POLICY 21
DESCRIPTION OF CAPITAL STOCK 22
DESCRIPTION OF SECURITIES WE ARE OFFERING 26
UNDERWRITING 29
LEGAL MATTERS 33
EXPERTS 33
INFORMATION INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE 33
WHERE YOU CAN FIND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION 34

 

i

 

 

ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS

 

The registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part that we filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) includes exhibits that provide more detail of the matters discussed in this prospectus. You should read this prospectus and the related exhibits filed with the SEC, together with the additional information described under the headings “Where You Can Find Additional Information” and “Information Incorporated by Reference” before making your investment decision. You should rely only on the information provided in or incorporated by reference in this prospectus, in any prospectus supplement or in a related free writing prospectus, or documents to which we otherwise refer you. In addition, this prospectus contains summaries of certain provisions contained in some of the documents described herein, but reference is made to the actual documents for complete information.

 

This prospectus includes important information about us, the securities being offered and other information you should know before investing in our securities. You should not assume that the information contained in this prospectus is accurate on any date subsequent to the date set forth on the front cover of this prospectus, even though this prospectus is delivered or securities are sold or otherwise disposed of on a later date. It is important for you to read and consider all information contained in this prospectus in making your investment decision. All of the summaries in this prospectus are qualified in their entirety by the actual documents. Copies of some of the documents referred to herein have been filed, will be filed or will be incorporated by reference as exhibits to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part, and you may obtain copies of those documents as described below under the heading “Where You Can Find Additional Information.”

 

We have not, and the underwriter has not, authorized anyone to provide any information or to make any representations other than those contained or incorporated by reference in this prospectus or in any free writing prospectuses prepared by or on behalf of us or to which we have referred you. We take no responsibility for, and can provide no assurance as to the reliability of, any other information that others may give you. The information contained in this prospectus or incorporated by reference in this prospectus or contained in any applicable free writing prospectus is current only as of its date, regardless of its time of delivery or any sale of our securities. Our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects may have changed since that date.

 

For investors outside the United States: We have not, and the underwriter has not, done anything that would permit this offering or possession or distribution of this prospectus in any jurisdiction where action for that purpose is required, other than in the United States. Persons outside the United States who come into possession of this prospectus must inform themselves about, and observe any restrictions relating to, the offering of the securities and the distribution of this prospectus outside the United States.

 

Unless otherwise indicated, information contained in this prospectus or incorporated by reference in this prospectus concerning our industry, including our general expectations and market opportunity, is based on information from our own management estimates and research, as well as from industry and general publications and research, surveys and studies conducted by third parties. Management estimates are derived from publicly available information, our knowledge of our industry and assumptions based on such information and knowledge, which we believe to be reasonable. In addition, assumptions and estimates of our and our industry’s future performance are necessarily uncertain due to a variety of factors, including those described in “Risk Factors” beginning on page 13 of this prospectus. These and other factors could cause our future performance to differ materially from our assumptions and estimates.

 

ii

 

 

This prospectus is an offer to sell only the securities offered hereby, and only under circumstances and in jurisdictions where it is lawful to do so. We are not, and the underwriter is not, making an offer to sell these securities in any state or jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted.

 

Industry and Market Data

 

This prospectus and the documents incorporated by reference contain estimates, projections and other information concerning our industry, our business, the science of our products and the markets for our products, including data regarding the incidence of certain medical conditions and the scientific basis of our products. We obtained the industry, science, market and similar data set forth in this prospectus from our internal estimates and research and from academic and industry research, publications, surveys, and studies conducted by third parties. While we believe that these industry publications and third-party research, surveys and studies are reliable, we have not independently verified such data and we do not make any representation as to the accuracy of the information. The content of the above sources, except to the extent specifically set forth in this prospectus, does not constitute a portion of this prospectus and is not incorporated herein. Information that is based on estimates, forecasts, projections, market research, scientific research, or similar methodologies is inherently subject to uncertainties and actual events or circumstances may differ materially from events and circumstances that are assumed in this information.

 

Note Regarding Trademarks

 

Unless the context otherwise requires, references in this prospectus to “Bluejay,” “the Company,” “we,” “us” and “our” refer to Bluejay Diagnostics, Inc. Our logo and all product names are our common law trademarks. Solely for convenience, trademarks and tradenames referred to in this prospectus may appear without the ® or ™ symbols, but such references are not intended to indicate in any way that we will not assert, to the fullest extent under applicable law, our rights, or that the applicable owner will not assert its rights, to these trademarks and tradenames. We do not intend the use or display of other companies’ trademarks and trade names to imply a relationship with, or endorsement or sponsorship of us by, any other companies, products or services.

 

Basis of Presentation

 

On July 21, 2023, we filed a Certificate of Amendment to our restated certificate of incorporation with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware to effect a 1-for-20 reverse stock split of our issued and outstanding shares of common stock, par value $0.0001 per share (the “2023 Reverse Stock Split”), which became effective on July 24, 2023. All historical share and per share amounts reflected throughout this prospectus have been adjusted to reflect the 2023 Reverse Stock Split. However, our periodic and current reports, and all other documents incorporated by reference into this prospectus that were filed prior to July 24, 2023, do not give effect to the 2023 Reverse Stock Split.

 

iii

 

 

PROSPECTUS SUMMARY

 

This summary highlights information contained in greater detail elsewhere in this prospectus or incorporated by reference into this prospectus from our filings with the SEC. This summary is not complete and does not contain all of the information you should consider in making your investment decision. You should read the entire prospectus and the information incorporated by reference herein carefully before making an investment in our securities. You should carefully consider, among other things, our financial statements and the related notes and the sections entitled “Risk Factors” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” included elsewhere in, or incorporated by reference into, this prospectus. When we use the terms “Bluejay,” “the Company,” “us,” “we” and “our,” we refer to Bluejay Diagnostics, Inc., and its wholly owned subsidiary Bluejay SpinCo, LLC, taken as a whole.

 

Overview

 

We are a medical diagnostics company developing rapid tests using whole blood, plasma, and serum on our Symphony technology platform, (“Symphony”), to improve patient outcomes in critical care settings. Our Symphony platform is a combination of our intellectual property (“IP”), and exclusively licensed and patented IP that consists of a mobile analyzer and single-use test cartridges that if cleared, authorized, or approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (the “FDA”), can provide a solution to a significant market need in the United States. Clinical trials indicate the Symphony analyzer produces laboratory-quality results in less than 20 minutes, important in intensive care units (ICUs) and emergency rooms (ERs) where rapid and reliable results are required.

 

Our first product, the Symphony IL-6 test, is for the monitoring of disease progression in critical care settings. IL-6 is a clinically established biomarker, and is considered a ‘first-responder’ biomarker in the inflammatory cascade which can be used for the assessment of patient prognosis for many diseases and conditions, including sepsis. The Symphony IL-6 test has the ability to consistently monitor this important and clinically informative biomarker with rapid results.

 

In the future we plan to develop additional tests for Symphony including two cardiac biomarkers (hsTNT and NT pro-BNP), as well as other tests using the Symphony platform. We do not yet have regulatory clearance for our Symphony products, and our Symphony products will need to receive regulatory authorization from the FDA in order to be marketed as a diagnostic product in the United States.

 

Our operations to date have been funded primarily through the proceeds of (i) our initial public offering in November 2021, (ii) the registered direct offering of common stock and concurrent private placement of warrants that we completed on August 28, 2023, which is described further below and (iii) the public offering of common stock and warrants that we completed on January 2, 2024, which is described further below.

 

Our Market

 

The Symphony platform and our initial biomarker test, Symphony IL-6 test, is well suited to address a subset of the global in vitro diagnostics devices (“IVDs”) market, including sepsis, cardio-metabolic diseases, cancer and other diseases that require rapid tests. Symphony targets critical care markets where physicians must quickly determine patient acuity to identify optimal treatment regimens.

 

Our Business Model

 

Our goal is to become the first provider of rapid tests for infectious, inflammatory, and metabolic diseases by leveraging the strengths of our Symphony platform. We intend to target sales and marketing of Symphony to large critical care facilities in the United States. Our business model includes the following:

 

Attractive Financing Model. We intend to offer various financing options for the analyzer itself. As such, our business model should not require customers to incur a significant capital outlay.

 

Recurring Revenue. We intend to sell single-use diagnostic test cartridges. We believe that our cartridges can create a growing and recurring revenue stream, as adoption and utilization increases, and as we develop tests for additional indications. We expect the sale of our test cartridges will generate the majority of our revenue and gross profit.

 

Expand our Menu of Diagnostic Products. As adoption increases, the customer use of the Symphony platform should also increase. As we expand our test menu to include more biomarkers, we hope to be able to increase our annual revenue per customer through the resulting increase in utilization.

 

1

 

 

The Symphony Platform

 

The Symphony platform is an innovative and proprietary technology platform that provides rapid and accurate measurements of key diagnostic biomarkers found in biological fluids, such as whole blood. Symphony is compact and can be deployed mobile as compared to current laboratory diagnostic platforms. Symphony incorporates a user-friendly interface where all sample preparation and reagents are integrated into disposable Symphony cartridges. Symphony a very small amount of blood (0.15cc or 0.15mL) to provide a measurement in less than 20 minutes.

 

The Symphony analyzer orchestrates whole blood processing, biomarker isolation, and immunoassay preparation using non-contact centrifugal force. All necessary reagents and components are integrated into the Symphony cartridges. Utilizing precision microchannel technology and high-specificity antibodies, whole blood is processed, and the biomarkers are isolated within the Symphony cartridge. Intermitted centrifugation cycles enable complex fluid movements, allowing sequential reagent additions and independent reaction steps inside the sealed Symphony cartridge. At the conclusion of the test, the Symphony analyzer measures the fluorescence signature correlating to a highly sensitive quantitation of the biomarker.

 

To perform a Symphony test, the test operator adds approximately three drops of blood to the Symphony cartridge. After scanning in the patient ID, the Symphony cartridge is inserted into the Symphony analyzer and the test runs automatically. Each analyzer can run up to six cartridges simultaneously, either with six different patient samples or six different tests, in less than 20 minutes, providing quantitative measurements used for improved patient management and clinical decision-making.

 

Manufacturing

 

We plan to manufacture both our analyzers and cartridges through Contract Manufacturing Organizations (“CMOs”). We have contracts with Toray Industries, Inc (“Toray”), to license the intellectual property rights needed to manufacture our cartridges and Sanyoseiko Co. Ltd. (“Sanyoseiko”), to manufacture both our analyzers and cartridges. Each of our partners are well-established global manufacturing companies with capabilities to scale up, re-design and supply our analyzers and cartridges.

 

Sanyoseiko had been selected as our CMO, though in the near-term Toray will continue to manufacture certain product intermediary components for use in cartridges being manufactured for the Company by Sanyoseiko. These cartridges made using Toray intermediates are for the purpose of obtaining FDA approval and not for commercial sale. We expect to meet the demands of our global market. Both Toray’s and Sanyoseiko’s facilities are located in Japan. We license the technology for the Symphony cartridges from Toray. Our license grants us exclusive global use, with the exception of Japan.

 

FDA Regulatory Strategy and Status of Clinical Trials

 

Our current regulatory strategy is designed to support commercialization of Symphony in the United States pending marketing authorization from the FDA. Previously, our regulatory strategy involved clinical studies involving COVID-19 patients. However, we have shifted our focus away from COVID-19 patients due to a significant decline in the number of COVID-19 related hospitalizations. Pursuant to this revised strategy, we are in the process of completing  a pilot clinical study (SYMON-I) and plan to begin clinical study (SYMON-II) to validate the results of the pilot study to support an FDA regulatory submission with an initial indication for risk stratification of hospitalized sepsis patients. We submitted a pre-submission application to the FDA presenting the new study design in May 2023 and participated in a pre-submission meeting on August 11, 2023. At the meeting, the FDA provided feedback on the new study design, determined that the submission of a 510(k) is the appropriate premarket submission pathway, and requested that certain data be provided in the 510(k). Based on this feedback, we determined to proceed on this basis, which considers the FDA’s feedback.

 

2

 

 

 

In the first quarter of 2024, we initiated multicenter SYmphony IL-6 MONitoring Sepsis (“SYMON”) clinical studies investigating the role of interleukin-6 (IL-6) in patients diagnosed with sepsis and septic shock. This prospective study aims to assess the performance of IL-6 upon initial presentation to the intensive care unit (ICU). A preliminary analysis of the SYMON-I pilot clinical study (registered clinical trial number NCT06181604) highlighted that baseline levels of IL-6 are strongly associated with both in-hospital (40 survivors, 7 non-survivors) and 28-day mortality (31 survivors, 7 non-survivors) among sepsis patients. In contrast, baseline Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score which is used to assess organ dysfunction in sepsis patients did not predict in-hospital or 28-day mortality. We believe that the findings underscore the potential importance of IL-6 as a predictor and provide new insights into the potential pathways for improving sepsis outcomes.

 

Following these results, we are planning next steps in our clinical study process, which include a final analysis of the SYMON-I clinical study dataset upon completion of the study. Subject to our ability to remain a going concern, we intend to present the data at a future national scientific meeting and publish in peer-reviewed publications. The final results from the SYMON-I clinical study would inform the SYMON-II validation study, which we would plan to use to support a 510(k) application, which we are targeting for submission in 2025.

 

Sales and Marketing

 

Until Symphony products are authorized by the FDA, we expect to focus our sales and marketing efforts on brand awareness and market education to potential customers, emphasizing the value of monitoring a critical care patient’s IL-6 levels to improve decision making and patient outcomes. If cleared or approved by the FDA, we intend to target sales to ERs and ICUs at United States hospitals, as well as to long-term acute care facilities. We plan to establish a market presence by selling Symphony analyzers and tests both directly and through various distribution channels to maximize sales volume and market penetration.

 

License Agreement

 

On October 6, 2020, we entered into a License and Supply Agreement, as amended (the “License Agreement”), with Toray, providing us with an exclusive global license with Toray, excluding Japan, to use their patents and know-how related to the Symphony detection cartridges for the manufacturing, marketing and sale of the products (as defined in the License Agreement).

 

On October 23, 2023, we entered into an Amended and Restated License Agreement (the “New Toray License Agreement”) and a Master Supply Agreement (the “New Toray Supply Agreement” and together, the “Toray Agreements”) with Toray. Under the New Toray License Agreement, we continue to license from Toray intellectual property rights needed to manufacture single-use test cartridges, and we have received the right to sublicense certain Toray intellectual property to Sanyoseiko in connection with our ongoing agreement with Sanyoseiko to manufacture our Symphony analyzers and cartridges. In addition, the New Toray License Agreement provides for the transfer of certain technology related to the cartridges to Sanyoseiko. The royalty payments we are required to pay Toray have been reduced under the New Toray License Agreement from 15% to 7.5% (or less in certain circumstances) of net sales of certain cartridges for a term of 10 years. A 50% reduction in the royalty rate applies upon expiry of applicable Toray patents on a product-by-product and country-by-country basis. The New Toray License Agreement contemplates that applicable royalty payment obligations from us to Toray for other products will be determined separately in the future.

 

Under the New Toray Supply Agreement, Toray is manufacturing (through its wholly owned subsidiary Kamakura Techno-Science, Inc.) certain product intermediary components for use in cartridges being manufactured for the Company by Sanyoseiko. These cartridges made using Toray intermediates are for the purpose of obtaining FDA approval and not for commercial sale. The New Toray Supply Agreement has a term ending on the earlier of October 23, 2025 or the date that we obtain FDA approval for our product, and may be extended for up to six months by mutual agreement. If FDA approval is obtained, Sanyoseiko will be required to manufacture the intermediates and cartridges under a separate supply agreement between us and Sanyoseiko. The FDA may not clear or approve these product submissions or applications on a timely basis or at all. Such delays or refusals could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

 

3

 

 

Intellectual Property, Proprietary Technology

 

We do not currently hold any patents directly. We rely on a combination either directly or through the New Toray License Agreement with Toray of patent, copyright, trade secret, trademark, confidentiality agreements, and contractual protection to establish and protect our proprietary rights.

 

Competition

 

Our primary competition in the IL-6 market is laboratory size equipment including the Roche Cobas®, Siemens ADVIA Centaur® and Beckman Coulter Access 2®, which require pre-processing of whole blood prior to performing their test. We believe that our technology, which uses whole blood, provides us with a substantial competitive advantage over our existing competition that will sustain through commercialization, despite the major life science companies and consistent entry of innovative start-ups that define our competitive landscape.

 

Employees

 

As of June 14, 2024, we have 10 full-time employees. We also contract with several consultants and contractors performing accounting, finance, regulatory advisory, investor relations and manufacturing scale-up support. None of our employees are represented by labor unions or covered by collective bargaining agreements.

 

Nasdaq Deficiency

 

Our common stock currently is listed for quotation on the Nasdaq Capital Market. We are required to meet specified financial requirements in order to maintain such listing, including a requirement that the bid price for our common stock remain above $1.00, and that the market value of our publicly held securities be at least $1 million.

 

On February 28, 2024, we received a notification letter from the Nasdaq’s Listing Qualifications Staff notifying us that the closing bid price for our common stock had been below $1.00 for the previous 30 consecutive business days and that we therefore are not in compliance with the minimum bid price requirement for continued inclusion on the Nasdaq Capital Market under Nasdaq Listing Rule 5550(a)(2). The notification has no immediate effect on the listing of our common stock on the Nasdaq Capital Market.

 

Under the Nasdaq Listing Rules, we have a period of 180 calendar days to regain compliance. To regain compliance, the closing bid price of our common stock must be at least $1.00 or higher for a minimum of ten consecutive business days, and in such case, Nasdaq will provide us with written confirmation of compliance. If we do not regain compliance by August 26, 2024, we may be eligible for an additional 180 calendar days, provided that we meet the continued listing requirement for market value of publicly held shares and all other initial listing standards for Nasdaq, except the bid price requirement. If we are not eligible or it appears to Nasdaq that we will not be able to cure the deficiency during the second compliance period, Nasdaq will provide written notice to us that our common stock will be subject to delisting. In the event of such notification, we may appeal Nasdaq’s determination to delist its securities, but there can be no assurance that Nasdaq would grant our request for continued listing.

 

We intend to take all reasonable measures available to us to achieve compliance to allow for continued listing on the Nasdaq Capital Market. However, there can be no assurance that we will be able to regain compliance with the minimum bid price requirement or will otherwise be in compliance with other Nasdaq listing criteria.

 

4

 

 

As of the close of business on June [●], 2024, the market value of our publicly held common stock (which is our only outstanding class of capital stock) was approximately $[●] million. If the value of our publicly held common stock declines below $1 million, we would also be subject to Nasdaq delisting proceedings on that basis.

 

If our common stock is delisted, we may seek to have our common stock quoted on an over-the-counter marketplace, such as on the OTCQX. The OTCQX is not a stock exchange, and if our common stock trades on the OTCQX rather than a securities exchange, there may be significantly less trading volume and analyst coverage of, and significantly less investor interest in, our common stock, which may lead to lower trading prices for our common stock.

 

Any potential delisting of our common stock from the Nasdaq Capital Market may have materially adverse consequences to our stockholders, including:

 

a reduced market price and liquidity with respect to our shares of common stock, which could make our ability to raise new investment capital more difficult;
   
limited dissemination of the market price of our common stock;
   
limited news coverage;
   
limited interest by investors in our common stock;
   
volatility of the prices of our common stock, due to low trading volume;
   
our common stock being considered a “penny stock,” which would result in broker-dealers participating in sales of our common stock being subject to the regulations set forth in Rules 15g-2 through 15g-9 promulgated under the Exchange Act;
   
increased difficulty in selling our common stock in certain states due to “blue sky” restrictions; and
   
limited ability to issue additional securities or to secure additional financing.

 

Going Concern Uncertainty

 

We incurred substantial losses of approximately $10.0 million and $9.3 million for fiscal years 2023 and 2022, respectively, and approximately $2.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024, and from our inception through March 31, 2024, we had an accumulated deficit of approximately $29.3 million We do not currently generate any operating income. As of March 31, 2024, we possessed cash and cash equivalents of approximately $2.7 million, while having current liabilities of approximately $1.5 million. We expect that our net cash used in operating activities will continue to be negative over at least the next 12 months as we continue to conduct clinical trial work and, if such trials are successful, begin preparation of an FDA submission. These financial results and financial position, and our expected forward-looking outwork of significant negative cash flow in the future, raise substantial doubt with respect to our ability to continue as a going concern. As a result of our lack of cash, we have slowed the timeline of our clinical trial work to preserve cash resources in the near-term, and we expect that this will delay our Symphony platform regulatory submission timeline until 2025, if we are even able to generate sufficient clinical trial results to support such a submission. In addition, as described below, we have recently obtained $2 million of bridge financing that will need be repaid in full (at a repayment level of $2.3 million) from the proceeds of this offering. If we fail to obtain additional material financing in the near-term, our clinical trials and targeted FDA submission timeline could be delayed further, and we could be forced to abandon such activities entirely and cease operations, with the possible loss of such properties or assets. If we are unable to obtain a material quantum of financing in the imminent future or unable to continue to obtain additional financing over at least the next 12 months as we continue to generate negative cash flow, our board of directors could determine to cause the Company to undertake a process of liquidation under Chapter 7 of applicable U.S. bankruptcy laws, or otherwise seek other protection under such laws. In such event, we expect that holders of shares of our common stock would recoup little if any material value in such process (and that the Class C Warrants and Class D Warrants being sold in this offering would have little or no recoupable value).

 

5

 

 

May 2024 Bridge Financing

 

On May 31, 2024, we entered into a Note Purchase Agreement with an accredited investor (the “NPA”), and a Securities Purchase Agreement with three accredited investors (the “SPA”), which transactions closed on June 3, 2024.

 

Under the terms of the NPA, an investor provided us $1,000,000 in cash in exchange for the issuance of a senior secured note, which is repayable in an amount equal to $1,176,470, with the difference between such amount and the subscription amount being an original issue discount.

 

Under the terms of the SPA, the three investors collectively provided us $1,000,000 in cash in exchange for the issuance of senior secured notes, and the collective issuance of 580,308 shares of common stock. These notes will collectively be repayable in an amount equal to $1,111,110, with the difference between such amount and the subscription amount also being an original issue discount.

 

We are required under the terms of the notes to use the proceeds of this offering to fully repay the notes. If such an offering does not occur, the notes will each mature and be repayable in cash on September 1, 2024, other than in the case of an event of default or change in control event. The Company has granted to the collective holders of the notes issued under the NPA and SPA a first lien and continuing first priority security interest in and to substantially all assets of the Company. The notes will not otherwise accrue interest beyond the original issue discount amounts unless an event of default occurs.

 

January 2024 Public Offering

 

On December 27, 2023, we commenced a public offering (“the January 2024 Public Offering”) for the issuance and sale of (i) 537,768 shares (the “January 2024 Shares”) of our common stock, par value $0.0001 per share and (ii) prefunded warrants to purchase up to an aggregate 2,154,540 shares of common stock (the “January 2024 Prefunded Warrants”). The January 2024 Shares and January 2024 Prefunded Warrants were sold together with warrants to purchase up to an aggregate of 2,692,308 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $1.30 per share (the “January 2024 Warrants”).

 

On December 27, 2023, we entered into a securities purchase agreement with certain institutional and accredited investors (the “January 2024 Purchase Agreement”). The combined public offering price was $1.30 per January 2024 Share and related January 2024 Warrant and $1.2999 per January 2024 Prefunded Warrant and related January 2024 Warrant. The Company intends to use the net proceeds from the January 2024 Public Offering to fund matters related to obtaining FDA approval (including clinical studies related thereto), as well as for other research and development activities, and for general working capital needs.

 

Pursuant to an engagement letter, dated as of August 7, 2023, as amended October 11, 2023, by and between the Company and H.C. Wainwright & Co., LLC (“Wainwright”), we paid Wainwright a total cash fee equal to 7.0% of the gross proceeds received in the Offering. We also paid Wainwright in connection with the January 2024 Public Offering a management fee equal to 1.0% of the gross proceeds raised in the offering and certain expenses incurred in connection with the offering.

 

In addition, we issued to Wainwright, or its designees, warrants to purchase up to an aggregate 188,462 shares of common stock (the “January 2024 Placement Agent Warrants”), which represents 7.0% of the aggregate number of shares of common stock and Prefunded Warrants sold in the January 2024 Public Offering. The January 2024 Placement Agent Warrants have substantially the same terms as the January 2024 Warrants, except that the January 2024 Placement Agent Warrants have an exercise price equal to $1.6250, or 125% of the offering price per share of common stock and related Warrant sold in the offering and expire on the fifth anniversary from the date of the commencement of sales in the offering.

 

The January 2024 Public Offering closed on January 2, 2024. Since the closing, all of the January 2024 Prefunded Warrants have been exercised in full.

 

6

 

 

August 2023 Registered Direct Offering and Concurrent Private Placement

 

On August 24, 2023, we entered into a securities purchase agreement with certain institutional and accredited investors (the “August 2023 Purchase Agreement”) relating to the registered direct offering and sale of 216,000 shares (the “August 2023 Offering”) of our common stock, and a concurrent private placement (the “August 2023 Private Placement”) of unregistered warrants to purchase up to 216,000 shares of our common stock (the “August 2023 Warrants”). Each August 2023 Warrant is exercisable for one share of common stock (the “August 2023 Warrant Shares”) at an exercise price of $7.24 per share, will be immediately exercisable upon issuance and will expire five (5) years from the date of issuance.

 

The common stock sold in the August 2023 Offering was sold at a purchase price of $7.365 per share (which amount included a purchase price of $0.125 per accompanying August 2023 Warrant). Our gross proceeds from the August 2023 Offering and the August 2023 Private Placement were approximately $1.59 million, before deducting placement agent fees and offering expenses.

 

Pursuant to an engagement letter, dated as of August 7, 2023, by and between us and Wainwright, as a part of compensation, we issued to Wainwright or its designees, warrants to purchase up to 15,120 shares of common stock (the “August 2023 Placement Agent Warrants”). The August 2023 Placement Agent Warrants have substantially the same terms as the August 2023 Warrants, except that the August 2023 Placement Agent Warrants have an exercise price equal to $9.2063 per share and a term of five (5) years from the commencement of the sales pursuant to the August 2023 Offering.

 

The August 2023 Offering and August 2023 Private Placement closed on August 28, 2023.

 

2023 Reverse Stock Split

 

On July 24, 2023, we effected a reverse stock split of our shares of common stock at a ratio of 1-for-20 (the “2023 Reverse Stock Split”). The 2023 Reverse Stock Split became effective on July 24, 2023, when the Company’s common stock opened for trading on Nasdaq on a post-split basis under the Company’s existing trading symbol, “BJDX.”

 

All historical share and per share amounts reflected throughout this prospectus have been adjusted to reflect the 2023 Reverse Stock Split. However, our periodic and current reports, and all other documents incorporated by reference into this prospectus that were filed prior to July 24, 2023, do not give effect to the 2023 Reverse Stock Split.

 

Risks Associated with Our Business

 

Our business is subject to a number of risks of which you should be aware before making an investment decision. These risks are discussed more fully in the “Risk Factors” section of this prospectus immediately following this prospectus summary and in Part I, Item 1A “Risk Factors” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023 and in Part II, Item 1A “Risk Factors” of our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2024, which are each incorporated by reference in this prospectus. These risks include the following:

 

We have incurred significant losses since inception and we will continue to incur net losses for the foreseeable future as we continue to complete clinical trial work intended to support a future FDA submission for our product, during which period we expect to generate little or no revenue from operations.
   
We have not yet launched any products and the ability to do so will depend on the acceptance of our Symphony platform in the healthcare market.
   
We cannot accurately predict the volume or timing of any sales, making the timing of any revenues difficult to predict.

 

7

 

 

We will require substantial additional funding over the next 12 months (and potentially longer) to finance our operations to continue as a going concern, which may not be available to us on acceptable terms, or at all, and our lack of cash resources has slowed the timeline of our clinical trial work and could cause us to run out of cash resources in the near- or medium-term.
   
If we are unable to continue as a going concern, we may be required to undertake a process of liquidation under U.S. bankruptcy laws, which we expect would holders of our common stock not recouping any material value for their shares.
   
The number of shares of common stock underlying our outstanding warrants is significant in relation to our currently outstanding common stock, which could have a negative effect on the market price of our common stock and make it more difficult for us to raise funds through future equity offerings. In addition, in connection with any merger, consolidation or sale of all or substantially all of our assets, holders of our outstanding warrants would be entitled to receive consideration in excess of their reported beneficial ownership of our common stock, or to continue to hold such warrants after such a transaction, and this could adversely impact the consideration our other stockholders would receive or otherwise deter a purchaser from entering into such a transaction with us.
   
Our ability to raise additional capital via a registered public offering on Form S-3 will be limited in the near-term as a result of the SEC’s “baby shelf” rules.
   
We have received a notification letter from the Nasdaq Listing Qualifications Staff that our common stock does not satisfy Nasdaq’s $1.00 minimum price per share rule and we could face delisting by Nasdaq if we are unable to regain compliance with this requirement, which could adversely affect our ability to sell stock in the public markets, the liquidity of our common stock and our general ability to raise additional capital.
   
In addition to our current non-compliance with Nasdaq’s $1.00 minimum bid price requirement, a further decline in the price of our common stock could cause us to be delisted by Nasdaq on the basis that the market value of our publicly held securities is less than Nasdaq’s $1 million minimum requirement.
   
The New License Agreement with Toray, which covers the license of the core technology used in our Symphony Cartridges, and the New Supply Agreement with Toray, which covers the supply of cartridge intermediates from Toray to SanyoSeiko for SanyoSeiko to manufacture cartridges for Bluejay, contain significant risks that may threaten our viability or otherwise have a material adverse effect on us and our business, assets and its prospects
   
We depend on, and are liable for, SanyoSeiko as our primary contract manufacturing organization (CMO), so its inability or failure to perform appropriately in that capacity may threaten our viability or have a material adverse effect on us and our business, assets and its prospects.
   
If third-party payors do not provide coverage and reimbursement for the use of our platform, our business and prospects may be negatively impacted.
   
Our Symphony platform, including its software and systems, may contain undetected errors, which could limit our ability to provide our products and diminish the attractiveness of our offerings.
   
We will rely on the proper function, security and availability of our information technology systems and data to operate our business, and a breach, cyber-attack or other disruption to these systems or data could materially and adversely affect our business, results of operations, financial condition, cash flows, reputation, or competitive position.
   
If we are not able to attract and retain highly skilled managerial, scientific and technical personnel, we may not be able to implement our business model successfully, and our limited cash resources could require us to make further cost reductions.

 

8

 

 

To reduce expenses, our President and Chief Executive Officer, in addition to serving as principal executive officer, currently serves as our principal financial and accounting officer, and we have no employees devoted on a full-time basis to our finance, accounting, legal or compliance functions, which may substantially increase the likelihood that we will fail to successfully maintain effective internal controls over financial reporting, or effective disclosure controls and procedures.
   
If we or our manufacturers fail to comply with the regulatory quality system regulations or any applicable equivalent regulations, our proposed operations could be interrupted, and our operating results would suffer.
   
Product liability suits, whether or not meritorious, could be brought against us due to an alleged defective product or for the misuse of our Symphony platform or test cartridges. These suits could result in expensive and time-consuming litigation, payment of substantial damages, and an increase in our insurance rates.
   
If we are found to have violated laws protecting the confidentiality of patient health information, we could be subject to civil or criminal penalties, which could increase our liabilities and harm our reputation or our business.
   
Significant raw material shortages, supplier capacity constraints, supplier disruptions, and sourcing issues may adversely impact or limit our products sales and or impact our product margins.

 

Implications of Being an Emerging Growth Company

 

We are an emerging growth company as defined in the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 (the “JOBS Act”). We may remain an “emerging growth company” until as late as December 31, 2027 (the fiscal year-end following the fifth anniversary of the completion of our initial public offering, though we may cease to be an “emerging growth company” earlier under certain circumstances, including (1) if the market value of our common stock that is held by nonaffiliates exceeds $700 million as of any June 30, in which case we would cease to be an “emerging growth company” as of the following December 31, or (2) if our gross revenue exceeds $1.235 billion in any fiscal year. “Emerging growth companies” may take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other public companies, including not being required to comply with the auditor attestation requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in our periodic reports and proxy statements and exemptions from the requirements of holding a nonbinding advisory vote on executive compensation and stockholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved. Investors could find our common stock less attractive because we may rely on these exemptions. If some investors find our common stock less attractive as a result, there may be a less active trading market for our common stock and our stock price may be more volatile.

 

In addition, Section 102 of the JOBS Act also provides that an “emerging growth company” can take advantage of the extended transition period provided in Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act, for complying with new or revised accounting standards. An “emerging growth company” can therefore delay the adoption of certain accounting standards until those standards would otherwise apply to private companies.

 

Corporate Information

 

We were incorporated under the laws of the State of Delaware on March 20, 2015. Our principal executive offices are located at 360 Massachusetts Avenue, Suite 203, Acton, MA 01720 and our telephone number is (844) 327-7078. Our website address is www.bluejaydx.com. We do not incorporate the information on, or accessible through, our website into this prospectus, and you should not consider any information on, or accessible through, our website as part of this prospectus.

 

9

 

 

THE OFFERING

 

 

Units to be Offered

[●] Units based on assumed public offering price of $[●] per Unit on a firm commitment basis. Each Unit will consist of one share of common stock (or Prefunded Warrant to purchase one share of our common stock in lieu thereof), two Class C Warrants each to purchase one share of common stock and one Class D Warrant to purchase such number of shares of common stock as determined in accordance with the terms set forth in the Class D Warrant. The Units have no stand-alone rights and will not be certificated or issued as stand-alone securities. The shares of common stock and Prefunded Warrants, if any, can each be purchased in this offering only with the accompanying Class C Warrants and Class D Warrants as part of Units (other than pursuant to the underwriter’s option to purchase additional shares of Common Stock and/or Prefunded Warrants and/or Class C Warrants and/or Class D Warrants), but the components of the Units will be immediately separable and will be issued separately in this offering.
   
Prefunded Units to be Offered

We are also offering to certain purchasers whose purchase of Units in this offering would otherwise result in the purchaser, together with its affiliates and certain related parties, beneficially owning more than 4.99% (or, at the election of the purchaser, 9.99%) of our outstanding common stock immediately following the consummation of this offering, the opportunity to purchase, if such purchasers so choose, Units including Prefunded Warrants to purchase shares of common stock, in lieu of Units including shares of common stock that would otherwise result in any such purchaser’s beneficial ownership exceeding 4.99% (or, at the election of the purchaser, 9.99%) of our outstanding common stock. The purchase price of each Unit including a Prefunded Warrant will be equal to the price at which a Unit is sold to the public in this offering, minus $0.0001, and the exercise price of each Prefunded Warrant will be $0.0001 per share.

 

Each Prefunded Warrant will be exercisable for one share of our common stock and will be exercisable at any time after its original issuance until exercised in full, provided that the purchaser will be prohibited from exercising Prefunded Warrants for shares of our common stock if, as a result of such exercise, the purchaser, together with its affiliates and certain related parties, would own more than 4.99% of the total number of shares of our common stock then issued and outstanding. However, any holder may increase such percentage to any other percentage not in excess of 9.99%, provided that any increase in such percentage shall not be effective until 61 days after such notice to us.

 

This prospectus also relates to the offering of the common stock issuable upon exercise of the Prefunded Warrants. See “Description of Securities We Are Offering—Prefunded Warrants”

   
Class C Warrants and Class D Warrants to be Offered

[●] Class C Warrants and [●] Class D Warrants. Each Unit includes one share of common stock, two Class C Warrants and one Class D Warrant. Each Class C Warrant is exercisable at a price of $[●] per share (assuming an offering price of $[●] per Unit).). The Class C Warrants will be exercisable following Warrant Stockholder Approval and will expire five (5) years from such approval. The Class D Warrants will be exercisable immediately. The exercise price and number of shares of common stock issuable under the Class D Warrants are subject to adjustment as described in the Class D Warrant. See “Description of Securities We Are Offering—Class C Warrants and Class D Warrants.” 

 

10

 

 

Over-allotment option

The offering is being underwritten on a firm commitment basis. We have granted the underwriter a 45-day option to purchase up to [●] additional shares of common stock, representing 15% of the Common Units sold in the offering (at an assumed public offering price of $[●] per Common Unit, which is the last reported sales price of our common stock on the Nasdaq Capital Market on June [●], 2024), and/or up to [●] additional Prefunded Warrants, representing 15% of the Prefunded Warrants sold in the offering, and/or up to [●] additional Class C Warrants, representing 15% of the Class C Warrants sold in the offering, and/or up to [●] additional Class D Warrants, representing 15% of the Class D Warrants sold in the offering, on the same terms and conditions set forth above solely to cover over-allotments. The underwriter may exercise the over-allotment option with respect to shares of common stock only, Prefunded Warrants only, Class C Warrants only, Class D Warrants only, or any combination thereof.

 

Common Stock Outstanding After This Offering (1) [●] shares (or [●] shares of common stock if the underwriters exercise their option in full) (assuming we sell only shares of common stock and no Prefunded Warrants and assuming no exercise of the Class C Warrants or Class D Warrants).
   
Use of Proceeds We estimate that the net proceeds from this offering will be approximately $7.5 million, based on an assumed public offering price of $[●] per Unit, which was the closing price of our common stock on Nasdaq on June [●], 2024, after deducting the underwriting discount and estimated offering expenses payable by us, and excluding the proceeds, if any, from the exercise of the Class C Warrants and Class D Warrants in this offering.
   
  We currently intend to use the net proceeds from the offering to (i) repay $2.3 million in outstanding debt that will be due and payable upon consummation of the offering and (ii) fund matters related to obtaining FDA approval (including clinical studies related thereto), as well as for other research and development activities, and for general working capital needs. We may also use a portion of the net proceeds to acquire or invest in complementary businesses, products and technologies or to fund the development of any such complementary businesses, products or technologies. We currently have no plans for any such acquisitions or investments. See “Use of Proceeds” beginning on page 21.
   
Risk Factors See “Risk Factors” beginning on page 13 of this prospectus and other information included and incorporated by reference in this prospectus for a discussion of the risk factors you should consider carefully when making an investment decision.
   
Nasdaq Symbol Our common stock is listed on Nasdaq under the symbol “BJDX.” There is no established trading market for the Class C Warrants, Class D Warrants and Prefunded Warrants, and we do not expect a trading market to develop. We do not intend to list the Class C Warrants, Class D Warrants or Prefunded Warrants on any securities exchange or other trading market..

 

(1)The number of shares of our common stock to be outstanding after this offering is based on 4,511,756 shares of our common stock outstanding as of June 14, 2024, and, unless otherwise indicated, excludes, as of that date:
  
29,770 shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of stock options outstanding as of June 14, 2024 at a weighted average exercise price of $36.51 per share;
   
216,000 shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of the August 2023 Warrants outstanding as of June 14, 2024 at an exercise price of $7.24 per share;
   
15,120 shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of the August 2023 Placement Agent Warrants outstanding as June 14, 2024 at an exercise price of $9.2063 per share;

 

11

 

 

40,594 shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of additional Common Stock warrants outstanding as of June 14, 2024 at a weighted average exercise price of $64.73 per share;
   
124,200 shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of Class A warrants outstanding as of June 14, 2024 at an exercise price of $140.00 per share;
   
3,770 shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of Class B warrants outstanding as of June 14, 2024 at an exercise price of $200.00 per share;
   
13,113 shares of common stock available for future issuance under our 2018 Stock Incentive Plan as of June 14, 2024;
   
40,377 shares of common stock available for grant under the 2021 Stock Incentive Plan as of June 14, 2024;
   
1,000 unvested restricted stock units outstanding as of June 14, 2024;
   
2,692,308 shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of the January 2024 Warrants outstanding as of June 14, 2024 at an exercise of $1.30 per share; and
   
188,462 shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of the January 2024 Placement Agent Warrants outstanding as of June 14, 2024 at an exercise of $1.625 per share.

 

Except as otherwise indicated, the information in this prospectus assumes: (i) no sale of the Prefunded Warrants in this offering, which, if sold, would reduce the number of shares of common stock that we are offering on an one-for-one basis; (ii) no exercise of any Class C Warrants or Class D Warrants to be issued in this offering; and (iii) no exercise of the options or warrants described above.

 

12

 

 

RISK FACTORS

 

An investment in our securities involves a high degree of risk. Before deciding whether to invest in our securities, you should carefully consider the risks described below and those discussed under the section captioned “Risk Factors” contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023 and our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2024, which are incorporated by reference in this prospectus, together with the information included in this prospectus and documents incorporated by reference herein, and in any free writing prospectus that we have authorized for use in connection with this offering. If any of these risks actually occurs, our business, financial condition, results of operations or cash flow could be harmed. In such event, the trading price of our common stock and value of the Prefunded Warrants. Class C Warrants and Class D Warrants could decline and you might lose all or part of your investment. The risks and uncertainties described below are not the only ones we face. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently believe to be immaterial may also adversely affect our business. Certain statements below are forward-looking statements.

 

Risks Related to Our Financial Condition and Capital Requirements

 

We have incurred significant losses since our inception, do not currently generate any operating income, and will continue to incur losses as we work to obtain product approval, and thus we may never achieve or maintain profitability.

 

We incurred substantial losses of approximately $10.0 million and $9.3 million for fiscal years 2023 and 2022, respectively, and approximately $2.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024, and from our inception through March 31, 2024, we had an accumulated deficit of approximately $29.3 million. We do not currently generate any operating income. As of March 31, 2024, we possessed cash and cash equivalents of approximately $2.7 million, while having current liabilities of approximately $1.5 million. We expect that our net cash used in operating activities will continue to be negative over at least the next 12 months as we continue to conduct clinical trial work and, if such trials are successful, begin preparation of an FDA submission. These financial results and financial position, and our expected forward-looking outwork of significant negative cash flow in the future, raise substantial doubt with respect to our ability to continue as a going concern. As a result of our lack of cash, we have slowed the timeline of our clinical trial work to preserve cash resources in the near-term, and we expect that this will delay our Symphony platform regulatory submission timeline until 2025, if we are even able to generate sufficient clinical trial results to support such a submission. In addition, as described below, we have recently obtained $2 million of bridge financing that will need be repaid in full (at a repayment level of $2.3 million) from the proceeds of this offering. If we fail to obtain additional material financing in the near-term, our clinical trials and targeted FDA submission timeline could be delayed further, and we could be forced to abandon such activities entirely and cease operations, with the possible loss of such properties or assets. If we are unable to obtain a material quantum of financing in the imminent future or unable to continue to obtain additional financing over at least the next 12 months as we continue to generate negative cash flow, our board of directors could determine to cause the Company to undertake a process of liquidation under Chapter 7 of applicable U.S. bankruptcy laws, or otherwise seek other protection under such laws. In such event, we expect that holders of shares of our common stock would recoup little if any material value in such process (and that the Class C Warrants and Class D Warrants being sold in this offering would have little or no recoupable value).

 

Our failure to become and remain profitable could depress the value of our common stock and impair our ability to raise capital, expand our business, maintain our development efforts, or continue our operations. A decline in the value of our common stock could also cause you to lose all or part of your investment.

 

The report of our independent registered public accounting firm on our financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2023, included an emphasis of matter paragraph stating that our recurring losses from operations and continued cash outflows from operating activities raised substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. Our consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this going concern uncertainty and have been prepared under the assumption that we will continue to operate as a going concern, which contemplates the realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business. If we are unable to continue as a going concern, we may be forced to liquidate our assets which would have an adverse impact on our business and developmental activities. In such a scenario, the values we receive for our assets in liquidation or dissolution could be significantly lower than the values reflected in our consolidated financial statements. The reaction of investors to the inclusion of a going concern statement by our independent registered public accounting firm and our potential inability to continue as a going concern may materially adversely affect our stock price and our ability to raise new capital.

 

13

 

 

We will need to raise additional funding to fund our working capital needs. Additional financing may not be available on acceptable terms, or at all. Failure to obtain additional capital may force us to limit or terminate our operations.

 

Even if we sell all securities offered hereby, we expect that the net proceeds of this offering will not be sufficient for us to fund the working capital needs of our business beyond sometime during the late fourth quarter of 2024. We intend to continue to seek funds through equity or debt financings, collaborative or other arrangements with corporate sources, or through other sources of financing. Additional funding may not be available to us on acceptable terms, or at all. If adequate funds are not available or are not available on acceptable terms, we may be required to further delay our FDA regulatory strategy, and to delay or reduce the scope of our clinical trials, research or development programs, commercialization efforts or manufacturing commitments and capacity. Such inability to obtain additional financing when needed could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, cash flow, financial condition and prospects.

 

Risks Related to this Offering and our Common Stock

 

Sales of substantial amounts of our securities in the public market could depress the market price of our common stock.

 

Our common stock is listed for trading on the Nasdaq Capital Market. If our stockholders sell substantial amounts of our common stock in the public market, including the shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of the Prefunded Warrants, Class C Warrants and/or Class D Warrants issued in this offering, and shares issued as consideration in any future acquisitions, or the market perceives that such sales may occur, the market price of our securities could fall and we may be unable to sell our securities in the future.

 

Our securities may experience extreme price and volume fluctuations, which could lead to costly litigation for us and make an investment in us less appealing.

 

The market price of our common stock may fluctuate substantially due to a variety of factors, including:

 

the status and results of our clinical trials for our Symphony technology platform, including whether our planned SYMON-II validation study provides data that will support an FDA regulatory submission for a 510(k) product approval;

 

our ability to fund and complete our SYMON-II validation study and, if such study provides data supporting an FDA submission, our ability to apply for and obtain 510(k) clearance from the FDA;

 

our ability to remain a going concern;

 

our business strategy and plans;

 

the potential market for our Symphony technology platform, if approved for sale in the U.S.;

 

new regulatory pronouncements and changes in regulatory guidelines and timing of regulatory approvals;

 

general and industry-specific economic conditions;

 

variations in our quarterly financial and operating results, including the rate at which we incur negative cash flow in future periods;

 

additions to or departures of our key personnel, particularly given that our President and Chief Executive Officer currently serves as our principal executive, financial and accounting officer and we have no other employees devoted on a full-time basis to our finance, accounting, legal or compliance functions;

 

changes in market valuations of other companies that operate in our business segments or in our industry;

 

lack of trading liquidity;

 

if our product is approved and becomes available for us to sell in the U.S., whether we ultimately achieve profitability or not;

 

changes in accounting principles; and

 

general market conditions, economic and other external factors.

 

14

 

 

The market prices of the securities of early-stage companies, particularly companies like ours that are seeking to obtain regulatory approval of their product candidate and do not yet generate operating revenue, have been highly volatile and are likely to remain highly volatile in the future. This volatility has often been unrelated to the operating performance of particular companies. In the past, companies that experience volatility in the market price of their securities have often faced securities class action litigation. Whether or not meritorious, litigation brought against us could result in substantial costs, divert our management’s attention and resources and harm our financial condition and results of operations.

 

Our common stockholders could be adversely affected by the issuance by us of preferred stock.

 

Our certificate of incorporation does not restrict our ability to offer one or more series of preferred stock, any or all of which could rank equally with or have preferences over our common stock as to dividend payments, voting rights, rights upon liquidation or other types of rights. We would have no obligation to consider the specific interests of the holders of common stock in creating any such series of preferred stock or engaging in any such offering or transaction. Our creation of any series of preferred stock or our engaging in any such offering or transaction could have a material adverse effect on holders of our common stock.

 

We have broad discretion in how we use the net proceeds of this offering, and we may not use these proceeds effectively or in ways with which you agree.

 

Our management will have broad discretion as to the application of the net proceeds of this offering and could use them for purposes other than those contemplated at the time of the offering. We currently intend to use the net proceeds from the offering to (i) repay $2.3 million in outstanding debt that will be due and payable upon consummation of the offering and (ii) fund matters related to obtaining FDA approval (including clinical studies related thereto), as well as for other research and development activities, and for general working capital needs. We may also use a portion of the net proceeds to acquire or invest in complementary businesses, products and technologies or to fund the development of any such complementary businesses, products or technologies, though we currently have no plans for any such acquisitions or investments. Our stockholders may not agree with the manner in which our management chooses to allocate and spend the net proceeds. Moreover, our management may use the net proceeds for corporate purposes that may not increase the market price of our common stock.

 

The placement agent from our August 2023 Registered Direct Offering and January 2024 Public Offering could assert that they are entitled to a fee in connection with this offering.

 

In August 2023, we entered into an engagement letter with H.C. Wainwright & Co., LLC (the “Prior Placement Agent”), which was amended in October 2023, and pursuant to which the Prior Placement Agent served as the placement agent in our August 2023 Offering, August 2023 Private Placement and January 2024 Public Offering. Pursuant to this engagement letter, we provided the Prior Placement Agent a right of first refusal to serve as underwriter in any public offering or private placement we engage in prior to January 2, 2025, and the right to receive compensation comparable to what it received in the August 2023 Offering and January Public Offering (e.g., 7% of the gross proceeds of such an offering and additional warrants exercisable at 125% of the offering price) in connection with such offering or placement. Prior to filing the registration statement with respect to this offering, we provided the Prior Placement Agent the opportunity to serve as underwriter for this transaction, and it declined such opportunity. While we believe that the Prior Placement Agent is not entitled to any fees in connection with this offering given that it declined to serve as underwriter, the Prior Placement Agent could assert that it is nevertheless entitled to compensation. While we believe such a position would be unreasonable and invalid, and we would intend to challenge it, any such assertion that is ultimately successful could cause us to pay an addition substantial fee (such as up to 7% of the estimated $8.75 million gross proceeds) in connection with this offering, which would further reduce our net proceeds from the offering.

 

If you purchase our securities in this offering, you may experience future dilution as a result of future equity offerings or other equity issuances.

 

In order to raise additional capital, we believe that we will offer and issue additional shares of our common stock or other securities convertible into or exchangeable for our common stock in the future. We are generally not restricted from issuing additional securities, including shares of common stock, securities that are convertible into or exchangeable for, or that represent the right to receive, common stock or substantially similar securities. The issuance of securities in future offerings may cause dilution to our stockholders, including investors in this offering. We cannot assure you that we will be able to sell shares or other securities in any other offering at a price per share that is equal to or greater than the price per share paid by investors in this offering, and investors purchasing other securities in the future could have rights superior to existing stockholders. The price per share at which we sell additional shares of our common stock or other securities convertible into or exchangeable for our common stock in future transactions may be higher or lower than the price per share in this offering.

 

15

 

 

In addition, we have a significant number of warrants outstanding. To the extent that outstanding warrants have been or may be exercised or other shares issued, you may experience dilution. Further, we may choose to raise additional capital due to market conditions or strategic considerations even if we believe we have sufficient funds for our current or future operating plans.

 

Trading of our common stock is limited, making it difficult for our stockholders to sell their shares, and future sales of common stock could reduce our stock price.

 

Trading of our common stock is currently conducted on Nasdaq. The liquidity of our common stock is limited, including in terms of the number of shares that can be bought and sold at a given price and reduction in security analysts’ and the media’s coverage of us, if any. These factors may result in different prices for our common stock than might otherwise be obtained in a more liquid market and could also result in a larger spread between the bid and asked prices for our common stock. In addition, in the absence of a large market capitalization, our common stock is less liquid than the stock of companies with broader public ownership, and, as a result, the trading prices of our common stock may be more volatile. In the absence of an active public trading market, an investor may be unable to liquidate his investment in our common stock. Trading of a relatively small volume of our common stock may have a greater impact on the trading price of our stock. We cannot predict the prices at which our common stock will trade in the future, if at all.

 

We do not currently intend to pay dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future, and consequently, your ability to achieve a return on your investment will depend on appreciation in the price of our common stock.

 

We do not anticipate paying any cash dividends to holders of our common stock in the foreseeable future. Consequently, investors must rely on sales of their common stock after price appreciation, which may never occur, as the only way to realize any future gains on their investments. There is no guarantee that shares of our common stock will appreciate in value or even maintain the price at which our stockholders have purchased their shares.

 

The offering price of the Units may not be indicative of the value of our assets or the price at which shares can be resold. The offering price of the Units may not be an indication of our actual value.

 

The public offering price per share of the Units is being determined based upon negotiations between the Company and the underwriter. Factors taken into consideration include the trading volume of our common stock prior to this offering, the historical prices at which our shares of common stock have recently traded, the history and prospects of our business, the stage of development of our business, our business plans for the future and the extent to which they have been implemented, an assessment of our management, general conditions of the securities markets at the time of the offering, and such other factors as we and the underwriters deem relevant. No assurance can be given that our common stock can be resold at the public offering price for the Units.

 

For these reasons, comparing our operating results on a period-to-period basis may not be meaningful, and you should not rely on past results as an indication of future performance. In the past, following periods of volatility in the market price of a public company’s securities, securities class action litigation has often been instituted against the public company. Regardless of its outcome, this type of litigation could result in substantial costs to us and a likely diversion of our management’s attention. You may not receive a positive return on your investment when you sell your shares of common stock (including following the exercise of any Prefunded Warrants, Class C Warrants and/or Class D Warrants) and you may lose the entire amount of your investment in the Units.

 

16

 

 

If securities or industry analysts do not publish research or publish inaccurate or unfavorable research about our business, our stock price and trading volume could decline.

 

The trading market for our common stock may depend in part on research and reports that securities or industry analysts publish about us or our business. Securities and industry analysts do not currently, and may never, publish research on our us. If no securities or industry analysts commence coverage of us, the trading price for our stock would likely be negatively impacted. In the event securities or industry analysts initiate coverage, if one or more of the analysts who covers us downgrades our stock or publishes inaccurate or unfavorable research about our business, our stock price may decline. If one or more of these analysts ceases coverage of us or fails to publish reports on us regularly, demand for our stock could decrease, which might cause our stock price and trading volume to decline.

 

FINRA sales practice requirements may limit a stockholder’s ability to buy and sell our securities.

 

Effective June 30, 2020, the SEC implemented Regulation Best Interest requiring that “A broker, dealer, or a natural person who is an associated person of a broker or dealer, when making a recommendation of any securities transaction or investment strategy involving securities (including account recommendations) to a retail customer, shall act in the best interest of the retail customer at the time the recommendation is made, without placing the financial or other interest of the broker, dealer, or natural person who is an associated person of a broker or dealer making the recommendation ahead of the interest of the retail customer.” This is a significantly higher standard for broker-dealers to recommend securities to retail customers than before under FINRA “suitability rules. FINRA suitability rules do still apply to institutional investors and require that in recommending an investment to a customer, a broker-dealer must have reasonable grounds for believing that the investment is suitable for that customer. Prior to recommending securities to their customers, broker-dealers must make reasonable efforts to obtain information about the customer’s financial status, tax status, investment objectives and other information, and for retail customers determine the investment is in the customer’s “best interest” and meet other SEC requirements. Both SEC Regulation Best Interest and FINRA’s suitability requirements may make it more difficult for broker-dealers to recommend that their customers buy speculative, low-priced securities. They may affect investing in our common stock or our preferred stock, which may have the effect of reducing the level of trading activity in our securities. As a result, fewer broker-dealers may be willing to make a market in our common stock or our preferred stock, reducing a stockholder’s ability to resell shares of our common stock.

 

The Class C Warrants, Class D Warrants, and Prefunded Warrants will not be listed or quoted on any exchange.

 

There is no established public trading market for the Class C Warrants, Class D Warrants, or Prefunded Warrants being offered in this offering, and we do not expect a market to develop. In addition, we do not intend to apply to list the Class C Warrants, Class D Warrants, or Prefunded Warrants on any national securities exchange or other nationally recognized trading system, including Nasdaq. Without an active market, the liquidity of the Class C Warrants, Class D Warrants, and Prefunded Warrants will be limited.

 

Except as otherwise provided in the Class C Warrants, Class D Warrants, and Prefunded Warrants, holders of Class C Warrants, Class D Warrants, and Prefunded Warrants purchased in this offering will have no rights as stockholders until such holders exercise their Class C Warrants, Class D Warrants, or Prefunded Warrants and acquire our common stock.

 

Except as otherwise provided in the Class C Warrants, Class D Warrants, and Prefunded Warrants, until holders of Class C Warrants, Class D Warrants or Prefunded Warrants acquire our common stock upon exercise of the Class C Warrants, Class D Warrants or Prefunded Warrants, holders of Class C Warrants, Class D Warrants, and Prefunded Warrants will have no rights with respect to our common stock underlying such Class C Warrants, Class D Warrants, and Prefunded Warrants. Upon exercise of the Class C Warrants, Class D Warrants, and Prefunded Warrants, the holders will be entitled to exercise the rights of a holder of our common stock only as to matters for which the record date occurs after the exercise date.

 

This offering may cause the trading price of our shares of common stock to decrease.

 

The price per Unit, together with the number of shares of common stock and Class C Warrants, Class D Warrants and Prefunded Warrants we propose to issue and ultimately will issue if this offering is completed, may result in an immediate decrease in the market price of our shares. This decrease may continue after the completion of this offering.

 

17

 

 

Resales of our shares of common stock in the public market by our stockholders as a result of this offering may cause the market price of our shares of common stock to fall.

 

We are registering [●] shares of common stock, and/or [●] shares of common stock, in the aggregate, issuable upon the exercise of the Prefunded Warrants, as well as the Class C Warrants and the Class D Warrants (and shares of common stock issuable thereunder) offered under this prospectus. Sales of substantial amounts of our shares of common stock in the public market, or the perception that such sales might occur, could adversely affect the market price of our shares of common stock. The issuance of new shares of common stock could result in resales of our shares of common stock by our current shareholders concerned about the potential ownership dilution of their holdings. Furthermore, in the future, we may issue additional shares of common stock or other equity or debt securities exercisable or convertible into shares of common stock. Any such issuance could result in substantial dilution to our existing shareholders and could cause our stock price to decline.

 

Provisions of the Class C Warrants and Class D Warrants offered pursuant to this prospectus, as well as the previously issued August 2023 Warrants and January 2024 Warrants, could discourage an acquisition of us by a third-party.

 

Certain provisions of the Class C Warrants and Class D Warrants offered pursuant to this prospectus, as well as the August 2023 Warrants and January 2024 Warrants, could make it more difficult or expensive for a third-party to acquire us. The Class C Warrants, Class D Warrants, August 2023 Warrants and January 2024 Warrants each prohibit us from engaging in certain transactions constituting “fundamental transactions” unless, among other things, the surviving entity assumes our obligations under the applicable warrants. These and other provisions of the Class C Warrants, Class D Warrants, August 2023 Warrants and January 2024 Warrants could prevent or deter a third-party from acquiring us even where the acquisition could be beneficial to you.

 

The Class C Warrants and Class D Warrants may have an adverse effect on the market price of our common stock and make it more difficult to effect a business combination.

 

To the extent we issue shares of common stock to effect a future business combination, the potential for the issuance of a substantial number of additional shares of common stock upon exercise of the Class C Warrants and Class D Warrants could make us a less attractive acquisition vehicle in the eyes of a target business. Such Class C Warrants and Class D Warrants, when exercised, will increase the number of issued and outstanding shares of common stock and reduce the value of the shares issued to complete the business combination. Accordingly, the Class C Warrants and Class D Warrants may make it more difficult to effectuate a business combination or increase the cost of acquiring a target business. Additionally, the sale, or even the possibility of a sale, of the shares of common stock underlying the Class C Warrants and Class D Warrants could have an adverse effect on the market price for our securities or on our ability to obtain future financing. If and to the extent the Class C Warrants and/or Class D Warrants are exercised, you may experience dilution to your holdings.

 

Certain beneficial provisions in the Class C Warrants and Class D Warrants will not be effective until we are able to receive stockholder approval of such provisions, and if we are unable to obtain such approval the Class C Warrants and Class D Warrants will have significantly less value.

 

Under Nasdaq listing rules, certain provisions in the Class C Warrants and Class D Warrants will not be effective until, and unless, we obtain the approval of our stockholders. While we intend to promptly seek stockholder approval, there is no guarantee that the Warrant Stockholder Approval will ever be obtained. If we are unable to obtain the Warrant Stockholder Approval, the foregoing provisions will not become effective and the Class C Warrants and Class D Warrants may have substantially less value. In addition, we expect to incur substantial cost, and management may devote substantial time and attention, in attempting to obtain the Warrant Stockholder Approval.

 

The Class C Warrants and Class D Warrants are speculative in nature.

 

The Class C Warrants and Class D Warrants offered hereby as part of the Units do not confer any rights of share of common stock ownership on their holders, such as voting rights or the right to receive dividends, but rather merely represent the right to acquire shares of common stock at a fixed price. Following this offering, the market value of the Class C Warrants and Class D Warrants will be uncertain and there can be no assurance that the market value of the Class C Warrants and Class D Warrants, if any, will equal or exceed their exercise prices, and consequently, whether it will ever be profitable for holders of Class C Warrants and Class D Warrants to exercise such Class C Warrants and Class D Warrants.

 

18

 

 

SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This prospectus and the documents incorporated herein by reference contain forward-looking statements which are made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act. In some cases, you can identify these statements by forward-looking words such as “may,” “might,” “should,” “would,” “could,” “expect,” “plan,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “believe,” “estimate,” “predict,” “potential” or “continue,” and the negative of these terms and other comparable terminology. These forward-looking statements, which are subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties and assumptions about us, may include projections of our future financial performance based on our growth strategies and anticipated trends in our business. These statements are only predictions based on our current expectations and projections about future events. There are important factors that could cause our actual results, level of activity, performance or achievements to differ materially from the results, level of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements. We have included important factors in the cautionary statements included in this prospectus, particularly under “Risk Factors” on page 13 of this prospectus and the documents incorporated herein that we believe could cause actual results or events to differ materially from the forward-looking statements that we make.

 

While we believe we have identified material risks in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023 and our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2024, which are incorporated by reference in this prospectus, together with the information included in this prospectus and the documents incorporated by reference herein, and in any free writing prospectus that we have authorized for use in connection with this offering, these risks and uncertainties are not exhaustive. Other sections of this prospectus and the documents incorporated herein by reference may describe additional factors that could adversely impact our business and financial performance. Moreover, we operate in a very competitive and rapidly changing environment. New risks and uncertainties emerge from time to time, and it is not possible to predict all risks and uncertainties, nor can we assess the impact of all factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements.

 

Although we believe the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, level of activity, performance or achievements. Moreover, neither we nor any other person assumes responsibility for the accuracy or completeness of any of these forward-looking statements. You should not rely upon forward-looking statements as predictions of future events. You should read this prospectus and any free writing prospectus and the documents that we have incorporated by reference to this prospectus and filed as exhibits to this prospectus completely and with the understanding that our actual future results may be materially different from what we expect.

 

We caution you not to place undue reliance on the forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this prospectus in the case of forward-looking statements contained in this prospectus.

 

You should not rely upon forward-looking statements as predictions of future events. Our actual results and financial condition may differ materially from those indicated in the forward-looking statements. We qualify all of our forward-looking statements by these cautionary statements. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements. Therefore, you should not rely on any of the forward-looking statements. In addition, with respect to all of our forward-looking statements, we claim the protection of the safe harbor for forward-looking statements contained in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.

 

Except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements to reflect new information or future events or developments. You should not assume that our silence over time means that actual events are bearing out as expressed or implied in such forward-looking statements. Before deciding to purchase our securities, you should carefully consider the risk factors discussed and incorporated by reference in this prospectus and the documents incorporated herein.

 

19

 

 

SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

 

The following selected financial data has been derived from our audited financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023, filed with the SEC on March 28, 2024, and our unaudited financial statements included in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2024, filed with the SEC on May 15, 2024, each of which give effect to the 2023 Reverse Stock Split that occurred on July 24, 2023 for all periods presented.

 

Our historical results are not indicative of the results that may be expected in the future, and results of interim periods are not indicative of the results for the entire year.

 

As Reported (Giving Effect to the 2023 Reverse Stock Split)

 

   Years Ended December 31, 
   2023   2022 
Net loss  $(9,953,888)  $(9,296,948)
Net loss per share – basic and diluted  $(9.08)  $(9.22)
Weighted average common shares outstanding, basic and diluted   1,096,500    1,008,196 
Common shares outstanding at year end   1,239,140    1,010,560 

 

   Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   2024   2023 
   (Unaudited) 
Net loss  $(2,328,465)  $(2,539,843)
Net loss per share - basic and diluted  $(0.99)  $(2.49)
Weighted average common shares outstanding, basic and diluted   2,359,376    1,018,755 
Common shares outstanding at period end   2,688,448    1,022,748 

 

20

 

 

USE OF PROCEEDS

 

We estimate that the net proceeds from this offering, after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses payable by us, will be approximately $7.5 million (based on an assumed public offering price of $[●] per Unit, which was the last reported sales price of our common stock on Nasdaq on June [●], 2024). We intend to use the net proceeds from the offering to (i) repay $2.3 million in outstanding debt that will be due and payable upon consummation of the offering and (ii) fund matters related to obtaining FDA approval (including clinical studies related thereto), as well as for other research and development activities, and for general working capital needs. We may also use a portion of the net proceeds to acquire or invest in complementary businesses, products and technologies or to fund the development of any such complementary businesses, products or technologies. We currently have no plans for any such acquisitions or investments.

 

This expected use of net proceeds from this offering represents our intentions based upon our current plans and business conditions, which could change in the future as our plans and business conditions evolve. We cannot currently allocate specific percentages of the net proceeds to us from this offering that we may use for the purposes specified above. Our management will have broad discretion in the application of the net proceeds from this offering and could use them for purposes other than those contemplated at the time of this offering. Our stockholders may not agree with the manner in which our management chooses to allocate and spend the net proceeds. Moreover, our management may use the net proceeds for corporate purposes that may not result in our being profitable or that increases our market value.

 

Pending our use of the net proceeds from this offering, we intend to invest the net proceeds in a variety of capital preservation investments, including short-term, investment-grade, interest-bearing instruments and U.S. government securities.

 

DIVIDEND POLICY

 

We have never declared or paid any cash dividends on our capital stock. We currently intend to retain earnings, if any, to finance the growth and development of our business. We do not expect to pay any cash dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future. Payment of future dividends, if any, will be at the discretion of our Board of Directors and will depend on our financial condition, results of operations, capital requirements, restrictions contained in any financing instruments, provisions of applicable law and other factors our Board of Directors deems relevant. On June 7, 2021, our Board of Directors declared a stock dividend of 2.15 shares of common stock for every share of common stock. This stock dividend was deemed a large stock dividend and was treated as a 1-for-3.15 stock split.

 

21

 

 

DESCRIPTION OF CAPITAL STOCK

 

The summary of general terms and provisions of our capital stock set forth below does not purport to be complete and is subject to and qualified by reference to the Company’s Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation (the “Certificate of Incorporation”) and Amended and Restated Bylaws (the “Bylaws,” and together with the Certificate of Incorporation, the “Charter Documents”), each of which is included as an exhibit to the Company’s most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission and incorporated by reference herein. For additional information, please read the Charter Documents and the applicable provisions of the Delaware General Corporation Law (the “DGCL”).

 

Authorized Capital Stock

 

We are authorized to issue up to 55,000,000 shares, of which (i) 50,000,000 have been designated common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, and (ii) 5,000,000 have been designated preferred stock, par value $0.0001 per share. As of June 14, 2024, there were 4,511,756 shares of our common stock outstanding, held by [15] stockholders of record. This figure does not reflect the number of beneficial owners of shares of our common stock as a single stockholder of record often holds shares in nominee name (also referred to as, in “street name”) on behalf of multiple beneficial owners.

 

Common Stock

 

Voting

 

Each holder of common stock is entitled to one vote for each share of common stock held on all matters submitted to a vote of stockholders. Any action at a meeting at which a quorum is present will be decided by a majority of the voting power present in person or represented by proxy, except in the case of any election of directors, which will be decided by a plurality of votes cast. There is no cumulative voting.

 

Dividends

 

Holders of our common stock are entitled to receive dividends when, as and if declared by our Board of Directors out of funds legally available for payment, subject to the rights of holders, if any, of any class of stock having preference over the common stock. Any decision to pay dividends on our common stock will be at the discretion of our Board of Directors. Our Board of Directors may or may not determine to declare dividends in the future. See “Dividend Policy.” The board’s determination to issue dividends will depend upon our profitability and financial condition, any contractual restrictions, restrictions imposed by applicable law and the SEC, and other factors that our Board of Directors deems relevant.

 

Liquidation Rights

 

In the event of a voluntary or involuntary liquidation, dissolution or winding up of the Company, the holders of our common stock will be entitled to share ratably on the basis of the number of shares held in any of the assets available for distribution after we have paid in full, or provided for payment of, all of our debts and after the holders of all outstanding series of any class of stock have preference over the common stock, if any, have received their liquidation preferences in full.

 

Other

 

Our issued and outstanding shares of common stock are fully paid and nonassessable. Holders of shares of our common stock are not entitled to preemptive rights. Shares of our common stock are not convertible into shares of any other class of capital stock, nor are they subject to any redemption or sinking fund provisions.

 

22

 

 

Preferred Stock

 

We are authorized to issue up to 5,000,000 shares of preferred stock. Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation authorizes the board to issue these shares in one or more series, to determine the designations and the powers, preferences and relative, participating, optional or other special rights and the qualifications, limitations and restrictions thereof, including the dividend rights, conversion or exchange rights, voting rights (including the number of votes per share), redemption rights and terms, liquidation preferences, sinking fund provisions and the number of shares constituting the series. Our Board of Directors could, without stockholder approval, issue preferred stock with voting and other rights that could adversely affect the voting power and other rights of the holders of common stock and which could have the effect of making it more difficult for a third party to acquire, or of discouraging a third party from attempting to acquire, a majority of our outstanding voting stock. We have no shares of preferred stock outstanding.

 

Outstanding Warrants to Acquire Common Stock

 

As of June 14, 2024, we had outstanding:

 

216,000 shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of the August 2023 Warrants at an exercise price of $7.24 per share;

 

15,120 shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of the August 2023 Placement Agent Warrants at an exercise price of $9.2063 per share;

 

40,594 shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of additional Common Stock warrants at a weighted average exercise price of $64.73 per share;

 

124,200 shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of Class A warrants at an exercise price of $140.00 per share;

 

3,770 shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of Class B warrants at an exercise price of $200.00 per share;

 

2,692,308 shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of the January 2024 Warrants at an exercise of $1.30 per share; and

 

188,462 shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of the January 2024 Placement Agent Warrants at an exercise of $1.625 per share.

 

Outstanding Stock Options to Purchase our Common Stock

 

As of June 14, 2024, options to purchase an aggregate of 29,770 shares of our common stock, at a weighted average exercise price of $36.51 per share, were outstanding.

 

Unvested Restricted Stock Units

 

As of June 14, 2024, 1,000 unvested restricted stock units were outstanding.

 

Anti-Takeover Effects of Provisions of Our Certificate of Incorporation, Our Bylaws and Delaware Law

 

Some provisions of Delaware law, our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and our amended and restated bylaws contain provisions that could make hostile takeovers, including the following transactions, more difficult: an acquisition of us by means of a tender offer; an acquisition of us by means of a proxy contest or otherwise; or the removal of our incumbent officers and directors. As a consequence, they may also inhibit temporary fluctuations in the market price of our common stock that often result from actual or rumored hostile takeover attempts. These provisions may also have the effect of preventing changes in the composition of our board and management. It is possible that these provisions could make it more difficult to accomplish or could deter transactions that stockholders may otherwise consider to be in their best interest or in our best interests, including transactions which provide for payment of a premium over the market price for our shares.

 

23

 

 

These provisions, summarized below, are intended to discourage coercive takeover practices and inadequate takeover bids. These provisions are also designed to encourage persons seeking to acquire control of us to first negotiate with our Board of Directors. We believe that the benefits of the increased protection of our potential ability to negotiate with the proponent of an unfriendly or unsolicited proposal to acquire or restructure us outweigh the disadvantages of discouraging these proposals because negotiation of these proposals could result in an improvement of their terms.

 

Delaware Anti-Takeover Statute

 

We are subject to Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law, which prohibits persons deemed to be “interested stockholders” from engaging in a “business combination” with a publicly held Delaware corporation for three years following the date these persons become interested stockholders unless the business combination is, or the transaction in which the person became an interested stockholder was, approved in a prescribed manner or another prescribed exception applies. Generally, an “interested stockholder” is a person who, together with affiliates and associates, owns, or within three years prior to the determination of interested stockholder status did own, 15% or more of a corporation’s voting stock. Generally, a “business combination” includes a merger, asset or stock sale, or other transaction resulting in a financial benefit to the interested stockholder. The existence of this provision may have an anti-takeover effect with respect to transactions not approved in advance by the Board of Directors. A Delaware corporation may “opt out” of these provisions with an express provision in its original certificate of incorporation or an express provision in its certificate of incorporation or bylaws resulting from a stockholders’ amendment approved by at least a majority of the outstanding voting shares. We have not opted out of these provisions. As a result, mergers or other takeover or change in control attempts of us may be discouraged or prevented.

 

Undesignated Preferred Stock

 

The ability of our Board of Directors, without action by the stockholders, to issue undesignated shares of preferred stock with voting or other rights or preferences as designated by our Board of Directors could impede the success of any attempt to change control of us. These and other provisions may have the effect of deferring hostile takeovers or delaying changes in control or management of our company.

 

Authorized Common Stock

 

Our authorized but unissued shares of common stock will be available for future issuance without stockholder approval. These additional shares may be utilized for a variety of corporate purposes, including future public offerings to raise additional capital and corporate acquisitions. The existence of authorized but unissued shares of common stock could render more difficult or discourage an attempt to obtain control of a majority of our common stock by means of a proxy contest, tender offer, merger or otherwise.

 

Advance Notice Requirements for Stockholder Proposals and Director Nominations

 

Our amended and restated bylaws will provide advance notice procedures for stockholders seeking to bring business before our annual meeting of stockholders, or to nominate candidates for election as directors at any meeting of stockholders. Our amended and restated bylaws also will specify certain requirements regarding the form and content of a stockholder’s notice. These provisions may preclude our stockholders from bringing matters before our annual meeting of stockholders or from making nominations for directors at our meetings of stockholders.

 

No Cumulative Voting; No Action Without a Meeting; Special Meeting of Stockholders

 

Stockholders will not be permitted to cumulate their votes for the election of directors. In addition, stockholders will not be able to take action by written consent and will only be able to take action at annual or special meetings of our stockholders. Furthermore, special meetings of our stockholders may be called only by our Chief Executive Officer, our President or our Board of Directors.

 

24

 

 

Exclusive Forum Selection

 

Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation will require, to the fullest extent permitted by law, subject to limited exceptions, that derivative actions brought in our name, actions against directors, officers and employees for breach of fiduciary duty and other similar actions may be brought only in the Court of Chancery in the State of Delaware and, if brought outside of Delaware, the stockholder bringing the suit will be deemed to have consented to service of process on such stockholder’s counsel in any action brought to enforce the exclusive forum provision. Any person or entity purchasing or otherwise acquiring any interest in shares of our capital stock shall be deemed to have notice of and consented to the forum provisions in our amended and restated certificate of incorporation.

 

Notwithstanding the foregoing, Section 27 of the Exchange Act creates exclusive federal jurisdiction over all suits brought to enforce any duty or liability created by the Exchange Act or the rules and regulations thereunder. In addition, Section 22 of the Securities Act creates concurrent jurisdiction for federal and state courts over all suits brought to enforce any duty or liability created by the Securities Act or the rules and regulations thereunder. As a result, the exclusive forum provision will provide that the Court of Chancery and the federal district court for the District of Delaware will have concurrent jurisdiction over any action arising under the Securities Act or the rules and regulations thereunder, and the exclusive forum provision will not apply to suits brought to enforce any duty or liability created by the Exchange Act or the rules and regulations thereunder or any other claim for which the federal courts have exclusive jurisdiction. To the extent the exclusive forum provision restricts the courts in which our stockholders may bring claims arising under the Securities Act and the rules and regulations thereunder, there is uncertainty as to whether a court would enforce such provision. Investors cannot waive compliance with the federal securities laws and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder.

 

Although we believe this provision benefits our company by providing increased consistency in the application of Delaware law in the types of lawsuits to which it applies, a court may determine that this provision is unenforceable, and to the extent it is enforceable, the provision may have the effect of discouraging lawsuits against our directors and officers and increasing the cost to stockholders of bringing such lawsuits.

 

Listing

 

The common stock is listed on Nasdaq under the symbol “BJDX.”

 

Transfer Agent and Registrar

 

The transfer agent and registrar for our common stock is Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company, 1 State Street, 30th Floor, New York, New York 10004.

 

25

 

 

DESCRIPTION OF SECURITIES WE ARE OFFERING

 

We are offering [●] Units based on an assumed public offering price of $[●] per Unit on a firm commitment basis. Each Unit will consist of one share of common stock (or Prefunded Warrant to purchase one share of our common stock in lieu thereof), two Class C Warrants each to purchase one share of common stock and one Class D Warrant to purchase such number of shares of common stock as determined in the Class D Warrant. The Units have no stand-alone rights and will not be certificated or issued as stand-alone securities. The shares of common stock and Prefunded Warrants, if any, can each be purchased in this offering only with the accompanying Class C Warrants and Class D Warrants as part of Units (other than pursuant to the underwriter’s option to purchase additional shares of common stock and/or Prefunded Warrants and/or Class C Warrants and/or Class D Warrants), but the components of the Units will be immediately separable and will be issued separately in this offering.

 

Common Stock

 

The material terms and provisions of our common stock are described under the caption “Description of Capital Stock” in this prospectus.

 

Prefunded Warrants

 

The following summary of certain terms and provisions of the Prefunded Warrants that are being offered hereby is not complete and is subject to, and qualified in its entirety by the provisions of, the Prefunded Warrants. Prospective investors should carefully review the terms and provisions of the form of Prefunded Warrant for a complete description of the terms and conditions of the Prefunded Warrants.

 

The term “prefunded” refers to the fact that the purchase price of our common stock in this offering includes almost the entire exercise price that will be paid under the Prefunded Warrants, except for a nominal remaining exercise price of $0.0001. The purpose of the Prefunded Warrants is to enable investors that may have restrictions on their ability to beneficially own more than 4.99% (or, upon election of the holder, 9.99%) of our outstanding shares of common stock following the consummation of this offering the opportunity to make an investment in the Company without triggering their ownership restrictions, by receiving Prefunded Warrants in lieu of our common stock which would result in such ownership of more than 4.99% (or 9.99%), and receive the ability to exercise their option to purchase the shares underlying the Prefunded Warrants at such nominal price at a later date.

 

Duration. The Prefunded Warrants offered hereby will entitle the holders thereof to purchase our shares of common stock at a nominal exercise price of $0.0001 per share, commencing immediately on the date of issuance. There is no expiration date for the Prefunded Warrants.

 

Exercise Limitation. A holder will not have the right to exercise any portion of the Prefunded Warrants if the holder (together with its affiliates) would beneficially own in excess of 4.99% (or, upon election of the holder, 9.99%) of the number of our shares of common stock outstanding immediately after giving effect to the exercise, as such percentage ownership is determined in accordance with the terms of the Prefunded Warrants. However, any holder may increase or decrease such percentage (up to 9.99%), provided that any increase will not be effective until the 61st day after such election. It is the responsibility of the holder to determine whether any exercise would exceed the exercise limitation.

 

Exercise Price. The Prefunded Warrants will have an exercise price of $0.0001 per share. The exercise price is subject to appropriate adjustment in the event of certain stock dividends and distributions, stock splits, stock combinations, reclassifications or similar events affecting our common stock and also upon any distributions of assets, including cash, stock or other property to our shareholders.

 

Transferability. Subject to applicable laws, the Prefunded Warrants may be offered for sale, sold, transferred or assigned without our consent.

 

Absence of Trading Market. There is no established trading market for the Prefunded Warrants and we do not expect a market to develop. In addition, we do not intend to apply for the listing of the Prefunded Warrants on any national securities exchange or other trading market. Without an active trading market, the liquidity of the Prefunded Warrants will be limited.

 

26

 

 

Fundamental Transactions. In the event of a fundamental transaction, generally including any reorganization, recapitalization or reclassification of our common stock, the sale, transfer or other disposition of all or substantially all of our properties or assets, our consolidation, merger, amalgamation or arrangement with or into another person, the acquisition of more than 50% of our outstanding common stock, or any person or group becoming the beneficial owner of 50% of the voting power represented by our outstanding common stock, the holder will have the right to receive, for each share of common stock that would have been issuable upon such exercise immediately prior to the occurrence of such fundamental transaction, the number of shares of the successor or acquiring corporation or of us if we are the surviving corporation, and any additional consideration receivable as a result of such fundamental transaction by a holder of the number of shares for which the Prefunded Warrant was exercisable immediately prior to such fundamental transaction. The holders of the Prefunded Warrants may also require us to purchase the Prefunded Warrants from the holders by paying to each holder an amount equal to the Black Scholes value of the remaining unexercised portion of the Prefunded Warrants on the date of the fundamental transaction.

 

No Rights as a Shareholder. Except as otherwise provided in the Prefunded Warrants or by virtue of such holder’s ownership of our shares of common stock, the holder of Prefunded Warrants does not have the rights or privileges of a holder of our common stock, including any voting rights, until the holder exercises the Prefunded Warrant.

 

Warrant Stockholder Approval

 

Under Nasdaq listing rules, certain anti-dilution provisions and the reverse stock split provision in the Class C Warrants (described below) will not be effective until, and unless, we obtain the approval of our stockholders. While we intend to promptly seek stockholder approval, there is no guarantee that the Warrant Stockholder Approval will ever be obtained. If we are unable to obtain the Warrant Stockholder Approval, the foregoing provisions will not become effective and the Class C Warrants and Class D Warrants will have substantially less value. In addition, we expect to incur substantial costs, and management may devote substantial time and attention, in attempting to obtain the Warrant Stockholder Approval.

 

Class C Warrants

 

The following summary of certain terms and provisions of the Class C Warrants included in the Units and offered hereby is not complete and is subject to, and qualified in its entirety by the provisions of the form of Class C Warrant, which is filed as an exhibit to the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part. Prospective investors should carefully review the terms and provisions set forth in the form of Class C Warrant.

 

Exercisability. The Class C Warrants are exercisable following Warrant Stockholder Approval and at any time up to the date that is five (5) years after Warrant Stockholder Approval. The Class C Warrants will be exercisable, at the option of each holder, in whole or in part by delivering to us a duly executed exercise notice and, at any time a registration statement registering the issuance of the shares of common stock underlying the Class C Warrants under the Securities Act is effective and available for the issuance of such shares, by payment in full in immediately available funds for the number of shares of common stock purchased upon such exercise. If a registration statement registering the issuance of the shares of common stock underlying the Class C Warrants under the Securities Act is not effective, the holder may elect to exercise the Class C Warrants through a cashless exercise, in which case the holder would receive upon such exercise the net number of shares of common stock determined according to the formula set forth in the warrant. No fractional shares of common stock will be issued in connection with the exercise of Class C Warrants. In lieu of fractional shares, we will pay the holder an amount in cash equal to the fractional amount multiplied by the exercise price.

 

Exercise Limitation. A holder will not have the right to exercise any portion of the Class C Warrants if the holder (together with its affiliates) would beneficially own in excess of 4.99% of the number of shares of our common stock outstanding immediately after giving effect to the exercise, as such percentage ownership is determined in accordance with the terms of the Class C Warrants. However, any holder may increase or decrease such percentage to any other percentage not in excess of 9.99%, provided that any increase in such percentage shall not be effective until 61 days following notice from the holder to us.

 

Exercise Price. The exercise price per whole share of common stock purchasable upon exercise of the Class C Warrants is $[●]. The exercise price is subject to appropriate adjustment in the event of certain stock dividends and distributions, stock splits, stock combinations, reclassifications or similar events affecting our common stock and also upon any distributions of assets, including cash, stock or other property to our stockholders.

 

27

 

  

Subsequent Financing. In addition, conditioned upon the receipt of the Warrant Stockholder Approval, and subject to certain exemptions, if we sell, enter into an agreement to sell, or grant any option to purchase, or sell, enter into an agreement to sell, or grant any right to reprice, or otherwise dispose of or issue (or announce any offer, sale, grant or any option to purchase or other disposition) any shares of common stock, at an effective price per share less than the exercise price of the Class C Warrants then in effect, the exercise price of the Class C Warrants will be reduced to the lower of such price or the lowest volume weighted average price (VWAP) during the five (5) consecutive trading days immediately following such dilutive issuance or announcement thereof (subject to a floor of $     prior to the Warrant Stockholder Approval), and the number of shares issuable upon exercise will be proportionately adjusted such that the aggregate exercise price will remain unchanged.

 

Reverse Stock Split. Conditioned upon the receipt of the Warrant Stockholder Approval, if at any time there occurs any share split, share dividend, share combination recapitalization or other similar transaction involving our common stock and the lowest daily volume weighted average price during the period commencing five (5) consecutive trading days immediately preceding and the five (5) consecutive trading days commencing on the date of such event is less than the exercise price of the Class C Warrants then in effect, then the exercise price of the Class C Warrants will be reduced to the lowest daily volume weighted average price during such period (subject to a floor of $     prior to the Warrant Stockholder Approval) and the number of shares issuable upon exercise will be proportionately adjusted such that the aggregate price will remain unchanged.

 

Transferability. Subject to applicable laws, the Class C Warrants may be offered for sale, sold, transferred or assigned without our consent.

 

Fundamental Transactions. In the event of a fundamental transaction, as described in the Class C Warrants and generally including any reorganization, recapitalization or reclassification of our common stock, the sale, transfer or other disposition of all or substantially all of our properties or assets, our consolidation or merger with or into another person, the acquisition of more than 50% of our outstanding common stock, or any person or group becoming the beneficial owner of 50% of the voting power represented by our outstanding common stock, the holders of the Class C Warrants will be entitled to receive upon exercise of the Class C Warrants the kind and amount of securities, cash or other property that the holders would have received had they exercised the Class C Warrants immediately prior to such fundamental transaction. The holders of the Class C Warrants may also require us to purchase the Class C from the holders by paying to each holder an amount equal to the Black Scholes value of the remaining unexercised portion of the Class C Warrants on the date of the fundamental transaction.

 

Rights as a Stockholder. Except as otherwise provided in the Class C Warrants or by virtue of such holder’s ownership of shares of our common stock, the holder of a Class C Warrant does not have the rights or privileges of a holder of our common stock, including any voting rights, until the holder exercises the Class C Warrant.

 

Governing Law. The Class C Warrants are governed by New York law.

 

Class D Warrants

 

The following summary of certain terms and provisions of the Class D Warrants included in the Units and offered hereby is not complete and is subject to, and qualified in its entirety by the provisions of the form of Class D Warrant, which is filed as an exhibit to the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part. Prospective investors should carefully review the terms and provisions set forth in the form of Class D Warrant.

 

Exercisability. The Class D Warrants will be exercisable immediately.

 

Exercise Limitation. A holder will not have the right to exercise any portion of the Class D Warrants if the holder (together with its affiliates) would beneficially own in excess of 4.99% of the number of shares of our common stock outstanding immediately after giving effect to the exercise, as such percentage ownership is determined in accordance with the terms of the Class D Warrants.

 

Exercise Price. The exercise price and number of shares of common stock issuable under the Class D Warrants are subject to adjustment based upon the weighted average price of our common stock over a rolling five (5)-trading day period prior to exercise (subject to a floor of $ prior to the Warrant Stockholder Approval). The exercise price is also subject to appropriate adjustment in the event of certain stock dividends and distributions, stock splits, stock combinations, reclassifications or similar events affecting our common stock and also upon any distributions of assets, including cash, stock or other property to our stockholders.

 

Transferability. Subject to applicable laws, the Class D Warrants may be offered for sale, sold, transferred or assigned without our consent.

 

Absence of Trading Market. There is no established trading market for the Class D Warrants and we do not expect a market to develop. In addition, we do not intend to apply for the listing of the Class D Warrants on any national securities exchange or other trading market. Without an active trading market, the liquidity of the Class D Warrants will be limited.

 

Rights as a Stockholder. Except as otherwise provided in the Class D Warrants or by virtue of such holder’s ownership of shares of our common stock, the holder of a Class D Warrant does not have the rights or privileges of a holder of our common stock, including any voting rights, until the holder exercises the Class D Warrant.

 

Governing Law. The Class D Warrants are governed by New York law.

 

28

 

 

UNDERWRITING

 

Aegis Capital Corp., (“Aegis” or the “underwriter”), is the underwriter and the book-running manager of this offering. Under the terms of an underwriting agreement, which is filed as an exhibit to the registration statement, we have agreed to sell to the underwriter and the underwriter has agreed to purchase, at the public offering price less the underwriting discounts and commissions set forth on the cover page of this prospectus, the following number of Units:

 

Underwriter   Number of
Units including Common Stock
    Number of Units including Prefunded Warrants  
Aegis Capital Corp.     [●]     [●]  

 

The underwriting agreement provides that the underwriter’s obligation to purchase Units depends on the satisfaction of the conditions contained in the underwriting agreement including:

 

the representations and warranties made by us to the underwriter are true;

 

there is no material change in our business or the financial markets; and

 

we deliver customary closing documents to the underwriter.

 

The underwriter has agreed to purchase all of the Units offered by this prospectus (other than those covered by the over-allotment option described below), if any are purchased under the underwriting agreement.

 

The underwriter is offering the Units subject to various conditions and may reject all or part of any order. The underwriter has advised us that it proposes to offer the units directly to the public at the public offering price per Unit that appears on the cover page of this prospectus. In addition, the underwriter may offer some of the Units to other securities dealers at such price less a concession of $ per Unit. After the Units are released for sale to the public, the underwriter may change the offering price and other selling terms at various times.

 

Over-Allotment Option

 

We have granted to the underwriter an option to purchase up to [●] additional shares of Common Stock (representing 15.0% of the Units sold in the offering), and/or up to an additional [●] Class C Warrants to purchase an aggregate of an additional [●] shares of common stock, representing 15.0% of the Units sold at the closing of the offering from the Company; and [●] Class D Warrants to purchase additional shares of common stock, representing 15.0% of the Units sold at the closing of the offering by the Company) at the public offering price less underwriting discounts and commissions. The underwriter may exercise this option in whole or in part at any time within forty-five (45) days after the date of the offering. The underwriter may exercise the over-allotment option with respect to shares of common stock only, warrants only, or any combination thereof. The purchase price to be paid per additional share of common stock will be equal to the public offering price of one Unit (less $0.01 allocated to each full warrant), as applicable, less the underwriting discount, and the purchase price to be paid per over-allotment warrant will be $0.01. We will be obligated, pursuant to the option, to sell these additional shares of common stock or warrants to the underwriter to the extent the option is exercised. If any additional shares of common stock or warrants are purchased, the underwriter will offer the additional shares of common stock or warrants on the same terms as those on which the other shares of common stock or warrants are being offered hereunder. No underwriting discounts or commissions will be paid on any warrants purchased pursuant to the underwriter’s over-allotment option. If this over-allotment option is exercised in full, the total offering price to the public will be approximately $10.1 million, and the total net proceeds, before expenses and after deducting the underwriting discounts described above, to us will be approximately $8.75 million (based upon a public offering price of $[●] per share of Common Stock).

 

29

 

 

Underwriting Discounts and Expenses

 

The following table shows the per Unit and total underwriting discounts we will pay to Aegis. These amounts are shown assuming both no exercise and full exercise of the underwriter’s option to purchase additional securities.

 

   Total 
   Per Unit   No
Exercise
   Full
Exercise(2)
 
Public offering price  $[●]    [●]    [●] 
Underwriting discounts to be paid by us (8.5%)  $[●]    [●]    [●] 
Non-accountable expense allowance ($75,000)(1)  $[●]    [●]    [●] 
Proceeds, before expenses, to us  $[●]    [●]    [●] 

 

 

(1)We have agreed to pay a non-accountable expense allowance to Aegis equal to $75,000.
(2)Assumes exercise for Units only. The underwriter will not receive any discounts or commissions upon exercise of the underwriter’s option to purchase warrants.

 

We have also agreed to reimburse the underwriter for certain of its expenses, including $170,000 for reasonable and documented legal fees and disbursements for Aegis’ counsel.

 

Stabilization

 

In accordance with Regulation M under the Exchange Act, the underwriter may engage in activities that stabilize, maintain or otherwise affect the price of our Common Stock, including short sales and purchases to cover positions created by short positions, stabilizing transactions, syndicate covering transactions, penalty bids and passive market making.

 

Short positions involve sales by the underwriter of shares of common stock in excess of the number of shares the underwriter is obligated to purchase, which creates a syndicate short position. The short position may be either a covered short position or a naked short position. In a covered short position, the number of shares involved in the sales made by the underwriter in excess of the number of shares they are obligated to purchase is not greater than the number of shares that they may purchase by exercising their option to purchase additional shares. In a naked short position, the number of shares involved is greater than the number of shares in their option to purchase additional shares. The underwriter may close out any short position by either exercising their option to purchase additional shares or purchasing shares in the open market.

 

Stabilizing transactions permit bids to purchase the underlying security as long as the stabilizing bids do not exceed a specific maximum price.

 

Syndicate covering transactions involve purchases of our shares of common stock in the open market after the distribution has been completed to cover syndicate short positions. In determining the source of shares to close out the short position, the underwriter will consider, among other things, the price of shares available for purchase in the open market as compared to the price at which they may purchase shares through the underwriter’s option to purchase additional shares. If the underwriter sells more shares than could be covered by the underwriter’s option to purchase additional shares, thereby creating a naked short position, the position can only be closed out by buying shares in the open market. A naked short position is more likely to be created if the underwriter is concerned that there could be downward pressure on the price of the shares in the open market after pricing that could adversely affect investors who purchase in the offering.

 

Penalty bids permit the underwriter to reclaim a selling concession from a syndicate member when the shares of Common Stock originally sold by the syndicate member is purchased in a stabilizing or syndicate covering transaction to cover syndicate short positions.

 

In passive market making, market makers in our common stock who are underwriters or prospective underwriters may, subject to limitations, make bids for or purchase our Common Stock until the time, if any, at which a stabilizing bid is made.

 

30

 

 

These activities may have the effect of raising or maintaining the market price of our common stock or preventing or retarding a decline in the market price of our common stock. As a result of these activities, the price of our common stock may be higher than the price that might otherwise exist in the open market. These transactions may be effected on or otherwise and, if commenced, may be discontinued at any time.

 

Neither we nor the underwriter makes any representation or prediction as to the direction or magnitude of any effect that the transactions described above may have on the price of our common stock. In addition, neither we nor the underwriter makes any representation that Aegis will engage in these stabilizing transactions or that any transaction, once commenced, will not be discontinued without notice.

 

Discretionary Accounts

 

The underwriter has informed us that they do not expect to make sales to accounts over which they exercise discretionary authority in excess of five percent (5%) of the securities being offered in this offering.

 

Indemnification

 

We have agreed to indemnify Aegis, its affiliates, and each person controlling Aegis against any losses, claims, damages, judgments, assessments, costs, and other liabilities, as the same are incurred (including the reasonable fees and expenses of counsel), relating to or arising out of the offering, undertaken in good faith.

 

Lock-Up Agreements

 

Pursuant to certain “lock-up” agreements, our executive officers, directors and holders of at least 5% of our common stock and securities exercisable for or convertible into common stock outstanding immediately upon the closing of this offering, have agreed, subject to certain exceptions, not to offer, sell, assign, transfer, pledge, contract to sell, or otherwise dispose of or announce the intention to otherwise dispose of, or enter into any swap, hedge or similar agreement or arrangement that transfers, in whole or in part, the economic risk of ownership of, directly or indirectly, engage in any short selling of any shares of Common Stock or securities convertible into or exchangeable or exercisable for any shares of common stock, whether currently owned or subsequently acquired, without the prior written consent of the underwriter, for a period of ninety (90) days after the closing date of the offering.

 

The underwriter, in its sole discretion, may release the common stock and other securities subject to the lock-up agreements described above in whole or in part at any time. When determining whether or not to release common stock and other securities from lock-up agreements, the underwriter will consider, among other factors, the holder’s reasons for requesting the release, the number of shares of common stock and other securities for which the release is being requested and market conditions at the time.

 

Company Standstill

 

We have agreed, for a period of three (3) months after the closing date of the offering (the “Standstill Period”), that without the prior written consent of Aegis, we will not (a) offer, sell, issue, or otherwise transfer or dispose of, directly or indirectly, any equity of our Company or any securities convertible into or exercisable or exchangeable for equity of our Company; (b) file or caused to be filed any registration statement with the Commission relating to the offering of any equity of our Company or any securities convertible into or exercisable or exchangeable for equity of our Company; or (c) enter into any agreement or announce the intention to effect any of the actions described in subsections (a) or (b) hereof (all of such matters, the “Standstill Restrictions”). So long as none of such equity securities shall be saleable in the public market until the expiration of the Standstill Period, the following matters shall not be prohibited by the Standstill Restrictions: (i) the adoption of an equity incentive plan and the grant of awards or equity pursuant to any equity incentive plan, and the filing of a registration statement on Form S-8; and (ii) securities issued pursuant to acquisitions or strategic transactions approved by a majority of the disinterested directors of our Company, provided that such securities are issued as “restricted securities” (as defined in Rule 144) and carry no registration rights that require or permit the filing of any registration statement in connection therewith during the Standstill Period, and provided that any such issuance shall only be to a person or entity (or to the equityholders of an entity) which is, itself or through its subsidiaries, an operating company or an owner of an asset in a business synergistic with the business of our Company and shall provide to our Company additional benefits in addition to the investment of funds, but shall not include a transaction in which our Company is issuing securities primarily for the purpose of raising capital or to an entity whose primary business is investing in securities. In no event should any equity transaction during the Standstill Period result in the sale of equity at an offering price to the public less than that of this offering.

 

31

 

 

Right of First Refusal

 

If, between June 3, 2024 and June 3, 2025, we or any of our subsidiaries (a) decides to finance or refinance any indebtedness, Aegis (or any affiliate designated by Aegis) shall have the right to act as sole book-runner, sole manager, sole placement agent or sole agent with respect to such financing or refinancing; or (b) decides to raise funds by means of a public offering (including at-the-market facility) or a private placement or any other capital raising financing of equity, equity-linked or debt securities, Aegis (or any affiliate designated by Aegis) shall have the right to act as sole book-running manager, sole underwriter or sole placement agent for such financing. If Aegis or one of its affiliates decides to accept any such engagement, the agreement governing such engagement will contain, among other things, provisions for customary fees and terms for transactions of similar size and nature, including indemnification, which are appropriate to such a transaction. The foregoing rights of Aegis and its affiliates are subject to any pre-existing obligations that we have and that have been previously identified to Aegis.

 

Notwithstanding the foregoing, the decision to accept our engagement shall be made by Aegis or one of its affiliates, by a written notice to us, within ten (10) days of the receipt of our notification of financing needs, including a detailed term sheet. Aegis’s determination of whether in any case to exercise its right of first refusal will be strictly limited to the terms on such term sheet, and any waiver of such right of first refusal shall apply only to such specific terms. If Aegis waives its right of first refusal, any deviation from such terms shall void the waiver and require us to seek a new waiver from the right of first refusal.

 

Other Relationships

 

The underwriter is a full service financial institution engaged in various activities, which may include sales and trading, commercial and investment banking, advisory, investment management, investment research, principal investment, hedging, market making, brokerage and other financial and non-financial activities and services. The underwriter may in the future provide various investment banking, commercial banking and other financial services for us and our affiliates for which they may in the future receive customary fees.

 

In the ordinary course of its business activities, the underwriter and its affiliates, officers, directors and employees may purchase, sell or hold a broad array of investments and actively traded securities, derivatives, loans, commodities, currencies, credit default swaps and other financial instruments for their own account and for the accounts of their customers, and such investment and trading activities may involve or relate to assets, securities and/or instruments of the issuer (directly, as collateral securing other obligation or otherwise) publish or express independent research views in respect of such assets, securities or instruments and may at any time hold, or recommend to clients that they should acquire, long and/or short positions in such assets, securities and instruments.

 

Electronic Offer, Sale and Distribution of Securities

 

A prospectus in electronic format may be made available on the websites maintained by the underwriter, if any, participating in this offering and the underwriter participating in this offering may distribute prospectuses electronically. The underwriter may agree to allocate a number of Units for sale to its online brokerage account holders. Internet distributions will be allocated by the underwriter that will make internet distributions on the same basis as other allocations. Other than the prospectus in electronic format, the information on these websites is not part of, nor incorporated by reference into, this prospectus or the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part, has not been approved or endorsed by us or the underwriter in its capacity as underwriter, and should not be relied upon by investors.

 

Offer Restrictions Outside the United States

 

Other than in the United States, no action has been taken by us or the underwriter that would permit a public offering of the securities offered by this prospectus in any jurisdiction where action for that purpose is required. The securities offered by this prospectus may not be offered or sold, directly or indirectly, nor may this prospectus or any other offering material or advertisements in connection with the offer and sale of any such securities be distributed or published in any jurisdiction, except under circumstances that will result in compliance with the applicable rules and regulations of that jurisdiction. Persons who come into possession of this prospectus are advised to inform themselves about and to observe any restrictions relating to the offering and the distribution of this prospectus. This prospectus does not constitute an offer to sell or a solicitation of an offer to buy any securities offered by this prospectus in any jurisdiction in which such an offer or a solicitation is unlawful.

 

Transfer Agent and Registrar

 

The transfer agent and registrar for our common stock is Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company.

 

Trading Market

 

Our common stock is listed on the Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbol “BJDX.” We do not intend to apply for listing of the Prefunded Warrants, Class C Warrants or Class D Warrants on any securities exchange or other nationally recognized trading system..

 

32

 

 

LEGAL MATTERS

 

The validity of the common stock offered hereby is being passed upon for us by Hogan Lovells US LLP, Washington, D.C. Certain legal matters in connection with this offering have been passed upon for the underwriter by Kaufman & Canoles, P.C., Richmond, Virginia.. 

 

EXPERTS

 

Wolf & Company P.C., independent registered public accounting firm, has audited our consolidated financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K, for the year ended December 31, 2023, as set forth in their report (which contains an explanatory paragraph describing conditions that raise substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern as described in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements), which is incorporated by reference in this prospectus and elsewhere in the registration statement. Our financial statements are incorporated by reference in reliance on Wolf & Company P.C.’s report, given on their authority as experts in accounting and auditing.

 

INFORMATION INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

 

The SEC allows us to “incorporate by reference” information into this prospectus, which means that we can disclose important information to you by referring you to another document filed separately with the SEC. The SEC file number for the documents incorporated by reference in this prospectus is 001-41031. The documents incorporated by reference into this prospectus contain important information that you should read about us. All documents incorporated by reference into this prospectus that were filed prior to July 24, 2023 do not give effect to the 2023 Reverse Stock Split.

 

The following documents are incorporated by reference into this document:

 

our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023, filed on March 28, 2024;

 

our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2024 filed on May 15, 2024;

 

those portions of our Definitive Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A filed on April 15, 2024 that are deemed “filed” with the SEC;

 

our Current Reports on Form 8-K (other than portions thereof furnished under Item 2.02 or Item 7.01 of Form 8-K and exhibits accompanying such reports that relate to such items) filed with the SEC on January 2, 2024, March 4, 2024, April 2 2024, May 16, 2024 and May 31, 2024; and

 

The description of our common stock, par value $0.0001 per share contained in its Registration Statement on Form 8-A, dated and filed with the SEC on November 5, 2021, as amended by the description of our common stock contained in Exhibit 4.10 to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023, including all amendments and reports updating that description.

 

We also incorporate by reference into this prospectus all documents (other than current reports furnished under Item 2.02 or Item 7.01 of Form 8-K and exhibits filed on such form that are related to such items) that are filed by us with the SEC pursuant to Sections 13(a), 13(c), 14 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act after the date of the initial registration statement of which this prospectus is a part and prior to the effectiveness of such registration statement and all documents that are filed by us with the SEC pursuant to Sections 13(a), 13(c), 14 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act after the date of this prospectus but prior to the termination of the offering. These documents include periodic reports, such as Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and Current Reports on Form 8-K, as well as proxy statements.

 

Any statement contained herein or in a document incorporated or deemed to be incorporated by reference into this prospectus will be deemed to be modified or superseded for purposes of the document to the extent that a statement contained in this prospectus or any other subsequently filed document that is deemed to be incorporated by reference into this document modifies or supersedes the statement.

 

We will provide without charge to each person, including any beneficial owner, to whom this prospectus is delivered, upon written or oral request, a copy of any or all documents that are incorporated by reference into this prospectus, but not delivered with the prospectus, other than exhibits to such documents unless such exhibits are specifically incorporated by reference into the documents that this prospectus incorporates. You should direct oral or written requests by one of the following methods. Attention: Investor Relations, Bluejay Diagnostics, Inc., 360 Massachusetts Avenue, Suite 203, Acton, MA, 01720, (844) 327-7078. You may also access these documents, free of charge on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov or on the “Investors” page of our website at www.bluejaydx.com. The information found on our website, or that may be accessed by links on our website, is not part of this prospectus. We have included our website address solely as an inactive textual reference. Investors should not rely on any such information in deciding whether to purchase our common stock.

 

33

 

 

WHERE YOU CAN FIND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

 

We filed with the SEC a registration statement under the Securities Act for the securities offered by this prospectus. This prospectus does not contain all of the information in the registration statement and the exhibits and schedule that were filed with the registration statement. For further information with respect to us and our securities, we refer you to the registration statement and the exhibits and schedule that were filed with the registration statement. Statements contained in this prospectus about the contents of any contract or any other document that is filed as an exhibit to the registration statement are not necessarily complete, and we refer you to the full text of the contract or other document filed as an exhibit to the registration statement. The SEC maintains an Internet website at http://www.sec.gov that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding registrants that file electronically with the SEC.

 

We file periodic reports and current reports under the Exchange Act, including Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and Current Reports on Form 8-K, and other information with the Securities and Exchange Commission. These periodic reports and other information are available for inspection and copying at the SEC regional offices, public reference facilities and on the website of the SEC referred to above.

 

We make available free of charge on or through our internet website our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such material with, or furnish it to, the SEC. The information found on our website, www.bluejaydx.com, other than as specifically incorporated by reference in this prospectus, is not part of this prospectus.

 

34

 

 

 

BLUEJAY DIAGNOSTICS, INC.

 

[●] Units

Each Consisting of One Share of Common Stock or One Prefunded Warrant to Purchase One Share of Common Stock, Two Class C Warrants each to Purchase One Share of Common Stock and One Class D Warrant to Purchase such number of Shares of Common Stock as determined in the Class D Warrant

 

[●] Shares of Common Stock underlying the Class C Warrants

 

[●] Shares of Common Stock underlying the Class D Warrants

 

Prospectus

 

, 2024

 

Aegis Capital Corp.

 

 

 

PART II

 

INFORMATION NOT REQUIRED IN PROSPECTUS

 

Item 13. Other Expenses of Issuance and Distribution.

 

The following table sets forth the estimated costs and expenses payable by the registrant expected to be incurred in connection with the sale and distribution of the securities being registered hereby (other than the underwriting discount and $75,000 non-accountable expense allowance). All of such costs and expenses are estimates, except for the SEC registration fee and the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (“FINRA”) filing fee.

 

   Amount 
SEC registration fee  $4,457 
FINRA filing fee  $5,040 
Accountant’s fees and expenses  $50,000 
Legal fees and expenses  $350,000 
Transfer agent’s fees and expenses  $5,000 
Printing fees and expenses  $5,000 
Miscellaneous  $15,950 
Total expenses  $435,447 

 

Item 14. Indemnification of Directors and Officers.

 

Pursuant to Section 145 of the DGCL, a corporation shall have the power to indemnify any person who was or is a party or is threatened to be made a party to any threatened, pending or completed action, suit or proceeding, whether civil, criminal, administrative or investigative (other than a derivative action by or in the right of such corporation) by reason of the fact that such person is or was a director, officer, employee or agent of such corporation, or serving at the request of such corporation in such capacity for another corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust or other enterprise, against expenses (including attorneys’ fees), judgments, fines and amounts paid in settlement actually and reasonably incurred in connection with such action, suit or proceeding, if such person acted in good faith and in a manner he or she reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to the best interests of such corporation, and, with respect to any criminal action or proceeding, had no reasonable cause to believe his or her conduct was unlawful.

 

The DGCL also permits indemnification by a corporation under similar circumstances for expenses (including attorneys’ fees) actually and reasonably incurred by such persons in connection with the defense or settlement of a derivative action or suit, except that no indemnification shall be made in respect of any claim, issue or matter as to which such person shall have been adjudged to be liable to such corporation unless the Delaware Court of Chancery or the court in which such action or suit was brought shall determine upon application that such person is fairly and reasonably entitled to indemnity for such expenses which such court shall deem proper.

 

To the extent a present or former director or officer is successful in the defense of such an action, suit or proceeding referenced above, or in defense of any claim, issue or matter therein, a corporation is required by the DGCL to indemnify such person for actual and reasonable expenses incurred in connection therewith. Expenses (including attorneys’ fees) incurred by such persons in defending any action, suit or proceeding may be paid in advance of the final disposition of such action, suit or proceeding upon in the case of a current officer or director, receipt of an undertaking by or on behalf of such person to repay such amount if it is ultimately determined that such person is not entitled to be so indemnified.

 

The DGCL provides that the indemnification described above shall not be deemed exclusive of other indemnification that may be granted by a corporation pursuant to its bylaws, disinterested directors’ vote, stockholders’ vote and agreement or otherwise.

 

Section 102(b)(7) of the DGCL enables a corporation, in its certificate of incorporation or an amendment thereto, to eliminate or limit the personal liability of a director to the corporation or its stockholders for monetary damages for violations of the directors’ fiduciary duty, except (i) for any breach of the director’s duty of loyalty to the corporation or its stockholders, (ii) for acts or omissions not in good faith or which involve intentional misconduct or a knowing violation of law, (iii) pursuant to Section 174 of the DGCL (providing for liability of directors for unlawful payment of dividends or unlawful stock purchases or redemptions) or (iv) for any transaction from which a director derived an improper personal benefit. The Company’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation provides for such limitations on liability for its directors.

 

II-1

 

 

The DGCL also provides corporations with the power to purchase and maintain insurance on behalf of any person who is or was a director, officer, employee or agent of such corporation, or is or was serving at the request of such corporation in a similar capacity for another corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust or other enterprise, against any liability asserted against him or her in any such capacity or arising out of his or her status as such, whether or not the corporation would have the power to indemnify him or her against such liability as described above. The Company has obtained liability insurance for its directors and officers. Such insurance would be available to its directors and officers in accordance with its terms.

 

The Company’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation requires the Company to indemnify and hold harmless, to the fullest extent permitted by applicable law as it presently exists or may hereafter be amended, any person (a “covered person”) who was or is made or is threatened to be made a party or is otherwise involved in any threatened, pending or completed action, suit or proceeding, whether civil, criminal, administrative or investigative (a “proceeding”) by reason of the fact that he or she is or was a director, officer or member of a committee of the Company, or, while a director or officer of the Company, is or was serving at the request of the Company as a director or officer, employee or agent of another corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust or other enterprise or non-profit entity, including service with respect to employee benefit plans, against all liability and loss suffered and expenses (including attorneys’ fees), judgment, fines and amounts paid in settlement actually and reasonably incurred by such covered person in connection with a proceeding.

 

In addition, under the Company’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation, in certain circumstances, the Company shall pay the expenses (including attorneys’ fees) incurred by a covered person in defending a proceeding in advance of the final disposition of such proceeding; provided, however, that the Company shall not be required to advance any expenses to a person against whom the Company directly brings an action, suit or proceeding alleging that such person (1) committed an act or omission not in good faith or (2) committed an act of intentional misconduct or a knowing violation of law. Additionally, an advancement of expenses incurred by a covered person shall be made only upon delivery to the Company of an undertaking, by or on behalf of such covered person, to repay all amounts so advanced if it shall ultimately be determined by final judicial decision from which there is no further right to appeal or otherwise in accordance with Delaware law that such covered person is not entitled to be indemnified for such expenses.

 

Item 15. Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities.

 

During the past three years, we sold the following shares of common stock, preferred stock, promissory notes and warrants without registration under the Securities Act:

 

On May 31, 2024, we entered into a Note Purchase Agreement with an accredited investor (the “NPA”), and a Securities Purchase Agreement with three accredited investors (the “SPA”), which transactions closed on June 3, 2024. Under the terms of the NPA, an investor provided us $1,000,000 in cash in exchange for the issuance of a senior secured note, which is repayable in an amount equal to $1,176,470, with the difference between such amount and the subscription amount being an original issue discount. Under the terms of the SPA, the three investors collectively provided us $1,000,000 in cash in exchange for the issuance of senior secured notes, and the collective issuance of 580,308 shares of common stock. These notes will collectively be repayable in an amount equal to $1,111,110, with the difference between such amount and the subscription amount also being an original issue discount. We are required under the terms of the notes to use the proceeds of this offering to fully repay the notes. If such an offering does not occur, the notes will each mature and be repayable in cash on September 1, 2024, other than in the case of an event of default or change in control event. The Company has granted to the collective holders of the notes issued under the NPA and SPA a first lien and continuing first priority security interest in and to substantially all assets of the Company. The notes will not otherwise accrue interest beyond the original issue discount amounts unless an event of default occurs.

 

II-2

 

 

On August 28, 2023, we issued unregistered warrants to purchase up to 216,000 shares of common stock (the “August 2023 Warrants”). Each August 2023 Warrant is exercisable for one share of common stock at an exercise price of $7.24 per share, were immediately exercisable upon issuance, and will expire five (5) years from the date of issuance. In addition, we issued to the placement agent, or its designees, warrants to purchase up to 15,120 shares of common stock (the “August 2023 Placement Agent Warrants”). The August 2023 Placement Agent Warrants have substantially the same terms as the August 2023 Warrants, except that the August 2023 Placement Agent Warrants have an exercise price equal to $9.2063, and a term of five (5) years from the commencement of the sales in August 2023 pursuant to the offering. These figures give effect to the 2023 Reverse Stock Split.

 

In June 2021, we entered into an agreement to issue a total of $4.5 million of 7.5% Senior Secured Convertible Debentures (the “Debentures”), of which $3.0 million in principal amount of the Debentures were issued at closing and $1.5 million in principal amount of the Debentures were issued in August 2021. At the time of our initial public offering, the Debentures were converted into our Series D Preferred Stock at a conversion price of $1,000 per share which were subsequently converted in common stock shares prior to December 31, 2021. These figures give effect to the 2023 Reverse Stock Split.

 

All of the foregoing issuances were made to accredited investors.

 

All of the securities above were issued in reliance on the exemption from registration provided by Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act or Regulation D promulgated thereunder.

 

Item 16. Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules.

 

(a) Exhibits

 

See the Exhibit Index List below, which is incorporated by reference herein.

 

Exhibit
Number
 
 

Exhibit Title

         

Incorporated by Reference

       

Filed with this Form S-1

  Form   File No.   Date Filed
1.1    Form of Underwriting Agreement   X            
3.1    Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation        S-1   333-260029 Exhibit 3.1    10/04/2021
3.2    Certificate of Amendment to the Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation        8-K   001-41031 Exhibit 3.1    07/21/2023
3.3    Certificate of Amendment to the Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation       8-K   001-41031 Exhibit 3.1    05/16//2024
3.4    Amended and Restated Bylaws       S-1   333-260029 Exhibit 3.2    10/04/2021
4.1    Specimen Common Stock Certificate       S-1   333-260029 Exhibit 4.1    10/04/2021
4.2   Form of January 2024 Common Stock Warrant       8-K   001-41031 Exhibit 4.2   1/2/2024
4.3   Form of January 2024 Placement Agent Common Stock Warrant       8-K   001-41031 Exhibit 4.3   1/2/2024
4.5   Form of August 2023 Common Stock Warrant       8-K   001-41031 Exhibit 4.1   8/28/2023
4.6   Form of Class A Warrant       8-K   001-41031 Exhibit 4.1    11/16/2021
4.7   Form of Class B Warrant       S-1   333-260029 Exhibit 4.3    10/04/2021
4.8   Form of Warrant Agency Agreement       S-1   333-260029 Exhibit 4.4    10/04/2021
4.9   Form of IPO Underwriters’ Warrant       S-1   333-260029 Exhibit 4.5    10/04/2021
4.11    Form of Prefunded Warrant   X            
4.12    Form of Class C Warrant   X            
4.13    Form of Class D Warrant   X            
5.1†   Opinion of Hogan Lovells US LLP              
10.1+    2021 Stock Plan       S-1   333-260029 Exhibit 10.1    10/04/2021
10.2+    Employment Agreement, dated July 1, 2021, between Neil Dey and Bluejay Diagnostics, Inc.       S-1   333-260029 Exhibit 10.3    10/04/2021

 

II-3

 

 

10.3+    First Amendment to Employment Agreement, dated January 27, 2023, between Neil Dey and Bluejay Diagnostics, Inc.       8-K   001-41031 Exhibit 10.1    1/27/2023
10.4+    Employment Agreement, dated July 1, 2021, between Jason Cook and Bluejay Diagnostics, Inc.       S-1   333-260029 Exhibit 10.5    10/04/2021
10.5   Form of Securities Purchase Agreement, dated December 27, 2023, between certain purchasers and Bluejay Diagnostics, Inc.       8-K   001-41031 Exhibit 10.1    1/2/2024
10.5   Engagement Letter, dated August 7, 2023, between Bluejay Diagnostics, Inc. and H.C. Wainwright & Co., LLC       S-1   333-275697 Exhibit 10.16    12/27/2023
10.5   Amendment to Engagement Letter, dated October 11, 2023, between Bluejay Diagnostics, Inc. and H.C. Wainwright & Co., LLC       S-1   333-275697 Exhibit 10.17    12/27/2023
10.6   Form of Securities Purchase Agreement, dated August 24, 2023, by and between the Company and each of the Purchasers signatory thereto       8-K  

001-41031 Exhibit 10.1

  8/28/2023
10.7   Securities Purchase Agreement, dated June 7, 2021, between certain purchasers and Bluejay Diagnostics, Inc.       S-1   333-260029 Exhibit 10.7    10/04/2021
10.8   Registration Rights Agreement, dated June 7, 2021, between certain purchasers and Bluejay Diagnostics, Inc.       S-1   333-260029 Exhibit 10.8    10/04/2021
10.9   Amended and Restated License Agreement, entered into on October 23, 2023, by and between Bluejay Diagnostics, Inc. and Toray Industries, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on October 26, 2023).       8-K   001-41031 Exhibit 10.1    10/26/2023
10.10   Master Supply Agreement, entered into on October 23, 2023 by and between Bluejay Diagnostics, Inc. and Toray Industries, Inc.        8-K   001-41031 Exhibit 10.2    10/26/2023
10.11   Form of Note Purchase Agreement, dated May 31, 2024       8-K   001-41031 Exhibit 10.1    05/31/2024
10.12   Form of Securities Purchase Agreement, dated May 31, 2024       8-K   001-41031 Exhibit 10.2    05/31/2024
10.13   Form of Senior Secured Note, dated June 3, 2024       8-K   001-41031 Exhibit 10.3    05/31/2024
21.1    List of Subsidiaries       S-1   333-260029 Exhibit 21.1    10/04/2021
23.1    Consent of Wolf & Company, P.C.    X            
23.2    Consent of Hogan Lovells US LLP (included in Exhibit 5.1)                 
24.1   Power of Attorney   X            
107    Filing Fee Table    X            

 

+Management contract or compensatory plans or arrangements.

 

To be filed by amendment.

 

Item 17. Undertakings.

 

(a) The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes:

 

(1) To file, during any period in which offers or sales are being made, a post-effective amendment to this registration statement:

 

(i)To include any prospectus required by section 10(a)(3) of the Securities Act of 1933;
   
(ii)To reflect in the prospectus any facts or events arising after the effective date of the registration statement (or the most recent post-effective amendment thereof) which, individually or in the aggregate, represent a fundamental change in the information set forth in the registration statement. Notwithstanding the foregoing, any increase or decrease in volume of securities offered (if the total dollar value of securities offered would not exceed that which was registered) and any deviation from the low or high end of the estimated maximum offering range may be reflected in the form of prospectus filed with the SEC pursuant to Rule 424(b) if, in the aggregate, the changes in volume and price represent no more than a 20% change in the maximum aggregate offering price set forth in the “Calculation of Registration Fee” table in the effective registration statement; and

 

II-4

 

 

(iii)To include any material information with respect to the plan of distribution not previously disclosed in the registration statement or any material change to such information in the registration statement;

 

provided, however, that paragraphs (i), (ii) and (iii) do not apply if the information required to be included in a post-effective amendment by those paragraphs is contained in reports filed with or furnished to the SEC by the registrant pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act that are incorporated by reference in the registration statement.

 

(2) That, for the purpose of determining any liability under the Securities Act of 1933, each such post-effective amendment shall be deemed to be a new registration statement relating to the securities offered therein, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof.

 

(3) To remove from registration by means of a post-effective amendment any of the securities being registered which remain unsold at the termination of the offering.

 

(4) That, for the purpose of determining liability under the Securities Act of 1933 to any purchaser, each prospectus filed pursuant to Rule 424(b) as part of a registration statement relating to an offering, other than registration statements relying on Rule 430B or other than prospectuses filed in reliance on Rule 430A, shall be deemed to be part of and included in the registration statement as of the date it is first used after effectiveness. Provided, however, that no statement made in a registration statement or prospectus that is part of the registration statement or made in a document incorporated or deemed incorporated by reference into the registration statement or prospectus that is part of the registration statement will, as to a purchaser with a time of contract of sale prior to such first use, supersede or modify any statement that was made in the registration statement or prospectus that was part of the registration statement or made in any such document immediately prior to such date of first use.

 

(5) That, for the purpose of determining liability under the Securities Act of 1933 to any purchaser in the initial distribution of the securities, the undersigned registrant undertakes that in a primary offering of securities of the undersigned registrant pursuant to this registration statement, regardless of the underwriting method used to sell the securities to the purchaser, if the securities are offered or sold to such purchaser by means of any of the following communications, the undersigned registrant will be a seller to the purchaser and will be considered to offer or sell such securities to such purchaser:

 

(b) The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes that, for purposes of determining any liability under the Securities Act, each filing of the registrant’s annual report pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act (and, where applicable, each filing of an employee benefit plan’s annual report pursuant to Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act) that is incorporated by reference in the registration statement shall be deemed to be a new registration statement relating to the securities offered therein, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof.

 

(c) Insofar as indemnification for liabilities arising under the Securities Act of 1933 may be permitted to directors, officers and controlling persons of the registrant pursuant to the foregoing provisions, or otherwise, the registrant has been advised that in the opinion of the Securities and Exchange Commission such indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Act and is, therefore, unenforceable. In the event that a claim for indemnification against such liabilities (other than the payment by the registrant of expenses incurred or paid by a director, officer or controlling person of the registrant in the successful defense of any action, suit or proceeding) is asserted by such director, officer or controlling person in connection with the securities being registered, the registrant will, unless in the opinion of its counsel the matter has been settled by controlling precedent, submit to a court of appropriate jurisdiction the question whether such indemnification by it is against public policy as expressed in the Act and will be governed by the final adjudication of such issue.

 

The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes that:

 

(1) For purposes of determining any liability under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, the information omitted from the form of prospectus filed as part of this registration statement in reliance upon Rule 430A and contained in a form of prospectus filed by the Registrant pursuant to Rule 424(b) (1) or (4) or 497(h) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, shall be deemed to be part of this registration statement as of the time it was declared effective.

 

(2) For the purpose of determining any liability under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, each post-effective amendment that contains a form of prospectus shall be deemed to be a new registration statement relating to the securities offered therein, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof.

 

II-5

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, the registrant has duly caused this registration statement to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized in the City of Acton, State of Massachusetts, on June 17, 2024.

 

  BLUEJAY DIAGNOSTICS, INC.
   
  By: /s/ Neil Dey
  Neil Dey
  President and Chief Executive Officer

 

POWER OF ATTORNEY

 

KNOW ALL PERSONS BY THESE PRESENTS, that each person whose signature appears below hereby constitutes and appoints Indranil “Neil” Dey his or her true and lawful attorney-in-fact and agent, with full power of substitution and resubstitution, for him or her and in his or her name, place and stead, in any and all capacities, to sign any and all amendments, including post-effective amendments, to this Registration Statement, and any registration statement relating to the offering covered by this Registration Statement and filed pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act of 1933, and to file the same, with exhibits thereto and other documents in connection therewith, with the Securities and Exchange Commission, granting unto said attorney-in-fact and agent full power and authority to do and perform each and every act and thing requisite and necessary to be done, as fully for all intents and purposes as he or she might or could do in person, hereby ratifying and confirming all that said attorney in fact and agent or his substitute or substitutes may lawfully do or cause to be done by virtue hereof.

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, this registration statement has been signed by the following persons in their capacities and on the dates indicated.

 

Signature    Title    Date 
         
/s/ Neil Dey   President, Chief Executive Officer and Director     June 17, 2024
Neil Dey    (principal executive officer, principal financial officer
and principal accounting officer) 
   
         
/s/ Douglas Wurth   Chairman of the Board    June 17, 2024
Douglas Wurth         
         
/s/ Svetlana Day   Director    June 17, 2024
Svetlana Dey         
         
/s/ Donald R. Chase    Director    June 17, 2024
Donald R. Chase         
         
/s/ Fred S. Zeidman   Director    June 17, 2024
Fred S. Zeidman         
         
/s/ Gary Gemignani   Director    June 17, 2024
Gary Gemignani         

 

 

II-6

 

 

Exhibit 1.1

 

Underwriting Agreement

 

[●], 2024

 

Aegis Capital Corp.

1345 Avenue of the Americas, 27th Floor
New York, NY 10105

 

Ladies and Gentlemen:

 

Bluejay Diagnostics, Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “Company”), agrees, subject to the terms and conditions in this agreement (this “Agreement”), to issue and sell to Aegis Capital Corp. (the “Underwriter”) an aggregate of [●] of the Company’s units (each, a “Closing Unit”), with each Closing Unit consisting of either: (A) one (1) share of Common Stock, $0.0001 par value per share (the “Closing Shares”) of the Company (the “Common Stock”) and two (2) Class C warrants (each, a “Class C Warrant”) each to purchase one (1) share of Common Stock at a per Share exercise price of $[●] and one (1) Class D warrant (each, a “Class D Warrant”) to purchase such number of shares of common stock as determined on the Reset Date (as defined in the Class D Warrant), and in accordance with the terms therein (each, a “Closing Common Unit”); or (B) one pre-funded warrant (each, a “Pre-funded Warrant”) to purchase one (1) share of Common Stock at an exercise price of $0.0001 and two (2) Class C Warrants and one (1) Class D Warrant (each, a “Closing Pre-funded Unit”). The shares of Common Stock referred to in this Section are hereinafter referred to as the “Closing Shares”; the Warrants referred to in this Section are hereinafter referred to as the “Closing Warrants”; and the Pre-funded Warrants referred to in this Section are hereinafter referred to as the “Closing Pre-funded Warrants.” No Closing Common Units will be certificated, and the Closing Shares and the Closing Warrants comprising the Closing Common Units will be separated immediately upon issuance. No Closing Pre-funded Units will be certificated, and the Closing Pre-funded Warrants and the Closing Warrants comprising the Closing Pre-funded Units will be separated immediately upon issuance. At the option of the Underwriter, the Company agrees, subject to the terms and conditions herein, to issue and sell additional Option Securities (as defined in Section 4.2 hereof). The Closing Units and the Option Securities are herein referred to collectively as the “Securities”. The number of Closing Units and Option Securities to be purchased by the Underwriter is set forth opposite its name in Schedule 4.1.2 hereto. Aegis Capital Corp. has agreed to act as the Underwriter in connection with the offering and sale of the Securities.

 

1.Definitions.

 

1.1. “Affiliate” has the meaning set forth in Rule 405 under the Securities Act.

 

1.2. “Applicable Time” means Eastern Time on the date hereof.

 

1.3. “Bona Fide Electronic Road Show” means a “bona fide electronic road show” (as defined in Rule 433(h)(5) under the Securities Act) that the Company has made available without restriction by “graphic means” (as defined in Rule 405 under the Securities Act) to any person.

 

 

 

 

1.4. “Business Day” means a day on which the Nasdaq Capital Market is open for trading and on which banks in New York are open for business and not permitted by law or executive order to be closed.

 

1.5. “Commission” means the United States Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

1.6. “Exchange Act” means the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder.

 

1.7. “Final Prospectus” means the prospectus in the form first filed with the Commission pursuant to and within the time limits described in Rule 424(b) under the Securities Act.

 

1.8. “Free Writing Prospectus” has the meaning set forth in Rule 405 under the Securities Act.

 

1.9. “Indebtedness” means (a) any liabilities for borrowed money or amounts owed in excess of $50,000 in aggregate (other than trade accounts payable incurred in the ordinary course of business), (b) all guaranties, endorsements and other contingent obligations in respect of indebtedness of others, whether or not the same are or should be reflected in the Company’s consolidated balance sheet (or the notes thereto), except guaranties by endorsement of negotiable instruments for deposit or collection or similar transactions in the ordinary course of business; and (c) the present value of any lease payments in excess of $50,000 in aggregate due under leases required to be capitalized in accordance with GAAP.

 

1.10. “Investment Company Act” means the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended, and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder.

 

1.11. “Issuer Free Writing Prospectus” means an “issuer free writing prospectus” (as defined in Rule 433(h)(1) under the Securities Act).

 

1.12. “Person” means an individual or corporation, partnership, trust, incorporated or unincorporated association, joint venture, limited liability company, joint stock company, government (or an agency or subdivision thereof) or other entity of any kind.

 

1.13. “Preliminary Prospectus” means any preliminary prospectus included in the Registration Statement prior to the time at which the Commission declared the Registration Statement effective.

 

1.14. “Pricing Disclosure Package” means the Preliminary Prospectus collectively with this Agreement (including documents attached hereto or incorporated by reference herein) and the documents and pricing information set forth in Schedule 1.14 hereto.

 

1.15. “Prospectus Delivery Period” means such period of time after the first date of the public offering of the Units as in the opinion of counsel for the Underwriter a prospectus relating to the Units is required by law to be delivered (or required to be delivered but for Rule 172 under the Securities Act) in connection with sales of the Units by the Underwriter or dealer.

 

2

 

 

1.16. “Registration Statement” means (a) the registration statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-[●]), including a prospectus, registering the offer and sale of the Closing Units under the Securities Act as amended at the time the Commission declared it effective, including each of the exhibits, financial statements and schedules thereto, (b) any Rule 430A Information, and (c) any Rule 462(b) Registration Statement, including in each case any documents incorporated by reference therein.

 

1.17. “Rule 430A Information” means the information deemed, pursuant to Rule 430A under the Securities Act, to be part of the Registration Statement at the time the Commission declared the Registration Statement effective.

 

1.18. “Rule 462(b) Registration Statement” means an abbreviated registration statement to register the offer and sale of additional Units pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act.

 

1.19. “Sarbanes-Oxley Act” means the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, as amended, and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder.

 

1.20. “Securities Act” means the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder.

 

1.21. “Standstill Period” has the meaning set forth in Section 5.10.1 hereof.

 

1.22. “Testing-the-Waters Communication” means any oral or Written Communication with potential investors undertaken in reliance on Section 5(d) of the Securities Act and Rule 163B thereunder.

 

1.23. “U.S. Company Counsel” means Hogan Lovells US LLP, with offices at 555 Thirteenth Street, NW, Washington, DC 20004.

 

1.24. “Written Communication” has the meaning set forth in Rule 405 under the Securities Act.

 

1.25. “Written Testing-the-Waters Communications” means any Testing-the-Waters Communication that is a Written Communication.

 

2.Representations and Warranties of the Company. The Company hereby represents and warrants to, and agrees with, the Underwriter that the following matters are true and accurate and do not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein not misleading. Any certificate signed by an officer of the Company and delivered to the Underwriter or to counsel for the Underwriter shall be deemed to be a representation and warranty by the Company to the Underwriter as to the matters set forth therein.

 

3

 

 

2.1. Registration Statement. The Company has prepared and filed the Registration Statement with the Commission under the Securities Act. The Commission has declared the Registration Statement effective under the Securities Act and the Company has not as of the date of this Agreement filed a post-effective amendment to the Registration Statement. The Commission has not issued any order suspending the effectiveness of the Registration Statement or any order preventing or suspending the use of the Registration Statement, the Final Prospectus, any Preliminary Prospectus, any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus or any Testing-the-Waters Communication, and no proceedings for such purpose or pursuant to Section 8A of the Securities Act have been initiated, are pending before or, to the Company’s knowledge, threatened by the Commission.

 

2.1.1. The Registration Statement, at the time it became effective, did not contain, and any post-effective amendment thereto, as of the effective date of such amendment, will not contain, any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein not misleading; provided that the Company makes no representation or warranty with respect to any statements or omissions made in reliance upon and in conformity with information relating to the Underwriter furnished to the Company in writing by the Underwriter expressly for use in the Registration Statement (including any post-effective amendment thereto), the Pricing Disclosure Package, the Final Prospectus (including any amendments or supplements thereto), any Preliminary Prospectus, any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus or any Testing-the-Waters Communication, it being understood and agreed that the only such information furnished by the Underwriter consists of the information described in Section 9.3 hereof (collectively, the “Underwriter Information”).

 

2.1.2. Each of the Registration Statement and any post-effective amendment thereto, at the time it became effective and at the date hereof, complied and will comply in all material respects with the Securities Act.

 

2.2. Pricing Disclosure Package. The Pricing Disclosure Package, as of the Applicable Time, did not, and as of the Closing Date (as defined below) and as of any Additional Closing Date (as defined below), as the case may be, will not, contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary in order to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading; provided that the Company makes no representation or warranty with respect to any statements or omissions made in reliance upon and in conformity with the Underwriter Information.

 

2.3. Final Prospectus.

 

2.3.1. Each of the Final Prospectus and any amendments or supplements thereto, as of its date, as of the time it is filed with the Commission pursuant to Rule 424(b) under the Securities Act, as of the Closing Date and as of any Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, will not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary in order to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading; provided that the Company makes no representation or warranty with respect to any statements or omissions made in reliance upon and in conformity with the Underwriter Information.

 

4

 

 

2.3.2. Each of the Final Prospectus and any amendments or supplements thereto, at the time it is filed with the Commission pursuant to Rule 424(b) under the Securities Act, as of the Closing Date and as of any Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, will comply in all material respects with the Securities Act.

 

2.4. Preliminary Prospectuses.

 

2.4.1. Each Preliminary Prospectus, when considered together with any amendments or supplements thereto, as of the time it was filed with the Commission pursuant to Rule 424(a) under the Securities Act, if any, did not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary in order to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading; provided that the Company makes no representation or warranty with respect to any statements or omissions made in reliance upon and in conformity with the Underwriter Information.

 

2.4.2. Each Preliminary Prospectus, when considered together with any amendments or supplements thereto, at the time it was filed with the Commission pursuant to Rule 424(a) under the Securities Act, if any, complied in all material respects with the Securities Act.

 

2.5. Issuer Free Writing Prospectuses.

 

2.5.1. Each Issuer Free Writing Prospectus, when considered together with the Preliminary Prospectus accompanying, or delivered prior to the delivery of, such Issuer Free Writing Prospectus, did not, as of the date of such Issuer Free Writing Prospectus, and will not, as of the Closing Date and as of any Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary in order to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading; provided that the Company makes no representation or warranty with respect to any statements or omissions made in reliance upon and in conformity with the Underwriter Information.

 

2.5.2. Each Issuer Free Writing Prospectus, at the time of filing with the Commission, complied or will comply in all material respects with the Securities Act.

 

2.5.3. The Company has filed, or will file, with the Commission, within the time period specified in Rule 433(d) under the Securities Act, any Free Writing Prospectus it is required to file pursuant to Rule 433(d) under the Securities Act. The Company has made available any Bona Fide Electronic Road Show used by it in compliance with Rule 433(d)(8)(ii) under the Securities Act such that no filing of any “road show” (as defined in Rule 433(h) under the Securities Act) (“Road Show”) is required in connection with the offering of the Units.

 

5

 

 

2.5.4. Except for the Issuer Free Writing Prospectuses, if any, set forth in Schedule 2.5.4 hereto and electronic road shows, if any, each furnished to the Underwriter before first use, the Company has not used, authorized the use of, referred to or participated in the planning for use of, and will not, without the prior consent of the Underwriter, use, authorize the use of, refer to or participate in the planning for use of, any Free Writing Prospectus.

 

2.6. Testing-the-Waters Communications. The Company has not (x) alone engaged in any Testing-the-Waters Communication other than Testing-the-Waters Communications with the consent of the Underwriter or any underwriter that the Company has previously identified to the Underwriter with entities that are qualified institutional buyers within the meaning of Rule 144A under the Act or institutions that are accredited investors within the meaning of Rule 501 under the Act, and (y) authorized anyone other than the Underwriter to engage in Testing-the-Waters Communications.

 

2.7. No Other Disclosure Materials. Other than the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package, the Final Prospectus and the Road Show, the Company (including its agents and representatives, other than the Underwriter or any underwriter that the Company has previously identified to the Underwriter, as to which no representation or warranty is given) has not, directly or indirectly, distributed, prepared, used, authorized, approved or referred to, and will not distribute, prepare, use, authorize, approve or refer to, any offering material in connection with the offering and sale of the Units.

 

2.8. Ineligible Issuer. At the time of filing of the registration statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-[●]) registering the offer and sale of the Securities submitted to the Commission on [●], 2024 and any amendment thereto and at the date hereof, the Company was not and is not an “ineligible issuer” (as defined in Rule 405 under the Securities Act).

 

2.9. Smaller Reporting Company. From the time of initial filing of the Registration Statement with the Commission (or, if earlier, the first date on which the Company engaged directly or through any person authorized to act on its behalf in any Testing-the-Waters Communication) through the date hereof, the Company has been and is a “smaller reporting company,” as defined in Rule 12b-2 under the Exchange Act.

 

2.10. Due Authorization. The Company has full right, power and authority to execute and deliver this Agreement and to perform its obligations hereunder; and all action required to be taken for the due and proper authorization, execution and delivery by it of this Agreement and the consummation by it of the transactions contemplated hereby has been duly and validly taken.

 

2.11. Underwriting Agreement. This Agreement has been duly authorized, executed and delivered by the Company and, assuming the due authorization, execution and delivery by the other parties hereto, constitutes the legal, valid and binding obligation of the Company, enforceable against the Company in accordance with its terms, except as (i) the enforcement may be limited by bankruptcy, insolvency, fraudulent transfer, reorganization, moratorium or other similar laws relating to or affecting the rights and remedies of creditors generally or by general equitable principles (whether considered in a proceeding at law or in equity) relating to enforceability and (ii) rights to indemnification and contribution hereunder may be limited by applicable law and public policy considerations.

 

6

 

 

2.12. No Material Adverse Change. Except as otherwise disclosed in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Final Prospectus (in each case exclusive of any amendment or supplement thereto), since the date of the most recent financial statements included or incorporated by reference in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Final Prospectus: (i) there has been no material adverse change, or any development that could result in a material adverse change, in or affecting the condition (financial or otherwise), earnings, business, properties, management, financial position, stockholders’ equity, or results of operations, whether or not arising from transactions in the ordinary course of business, of the Company and its subsidiaries, considered as a whole; (ii) there has been no change in the share capital (other than (A) the issuance of Shares upon the exercise or settlement (including any “net” or “cashless” exercises or settlements) of stock options, restricted stock units or warrants described as outstanding, (B) the grant of options and awards under existing equity incentive plans, or (C) the repurchase of shares of Common Stock by the Company, which were issued pursuant to the early exercise of stock options by option holders and are subject to repurchase by the Company, in each case, as described in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Final Prospectus), or material change in the short-term debt or long-term debt of the Company or any of its subsidiaries, considered as a whole; and (iii) the Company and its subsidiaries, considered as a whole, have not incurred any material liability or obligation, indirect, direct or contingent (whether or not in the ordinary course of business); nor entered into any transaction or agreement (whether or not in the ordinary course of business) that is material to the Company and its subsidiaries, considered as a whole; and (iv) there has been no dividend or distribution of any kind declared, set aside for payment, paid or made by the Company or, except for dividends paid to the Company or other subsidiaries of the Company, any of its subsidiaries on any class of capital stock or repurchase or redemption by the Company or any of its subsidiaries of any class of capital stock.

 

2.13. Organization and Good Standing of the Company and its Subsidiaries. The Company and each of its subsidiaries have been duly incorporated and are validly existing and in good standing under the laws of their respective jurisdictions of organization, are duly qualified to do business and are in good standing in each jurisdiction in which their respective ownership or lease of property or the conduct of their respective businesses requires such qualification, and have all power and authority (corporate and other) necessary to own, lease or hold their respective properties and to conduct the businesses in which they are engaged as described in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Final Prospectus, except where the failure to be in good standing, to be so qualified or to have such power or authority could not, individually or in the aggregate, have a material adverse effect on the condition (financial or otherwise), earnings, business, properties, management, financial position, stockholders’ equity, or results of operations of the Company and its subsidiaries, considered as a whole, or adversely affect the performance by the Company of its obligations under this Agreement (a “Material Adverse Effect”).

 

7

 

 

2.14. Capitalization. The capitalization of the Company is as set forth in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Final Prospectus under the heading “Capitalization”. All of the outstanding capital stock of the Company has been duly authorized and validly issued and is fully paid and non-assessable. The Securities have been duly authorized and, when issued and paid for as contemplated herein, will be validly issued, fully paid and non-assessable; the holders thereof are not and will not be subject to personal liability by reason of being such holders; the Securities are not and will not be subject to the preemptive rights of any holders of any security of the Company or similar contractual rights granted by the Company; and all corporate action required to be taken for the authorization, issuance and sale of the Securities has been duly and validly taken. None of the outstanding shares of Common Stock of the Company were issued in violation of any preemptive rights, rights of first refusal or other similar rights to subscribe for or purchase securities of the Company. Except as disclosed in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Final Prospectus, there are no authorized or outstanding options, warrants, preemptive rights, rights of first refusal or other rights to acquire, or instruments convertible into or exchangeable or exercisable for, any Shares of, or other equity interest in, the Company or any of its subsidiaries. All of the outstanding shares of, or other equity interest in, each of the Company’s subsidiaries (i) have been duly authorized and validly issued, (ii) are fully paid and non-assessable and (iii) are owned by the Company, directly or through the Company’s subsidiaries, free and clear of any security interest, mortgage, pledge, lien, encumbrance, charge, claim or restriction on voting or transfer (collectively, “Liens”).

 

2.15. Common Stock Incentive Plans. With respect to the Common Stock options (the “Stock Options”) granted pursuant to the Common Stock-based compensation plans of the Company and its subsidiaries (the “Company Common Stock Incentive Plans”), (i) each Stock Option intended to qualify as an “incentive stock option” under Section 422 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”), so qualifies, (ii) each grant of a Stock Option was duly authorized by all necessary corporate action, including, as applicable, approval by the board of directors of the Company (or a duly constituted and authorized committee thereof) and any required stockholders approval by the necessary number of votes or written consents, and the award agreement governing such grant (if any), to the Company’s knowledge, was duly executed and delivered by each party thereto, (iii) each such grant was made in all material respects in accordance with the terms of the Company Common Stock Incentive Plans, and (iv) each such grant was properly accounted for in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles applied on a consistent basis during the periods involved (“GAAP”) in the financial statements (including the related notes) of the Company.

 

2.16. No Violation or Default. Neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries is: (i) in violation of its charter, by-laws or similar organizational documents; (ii) in default, and no event has occurred that, with notice or lapse of time or both, would constitute such a default, in the due performance or observance of any term, covenant, condition or other obligation contained in any indenture, mortgage, deed of trust, loan agreement, contract, undertaking or other agreement or instrument to which the Company or any of its subsidiaries is a party or by which the Company or any of its subsidiaries is bound or to which any property, right or asset of the Company or any of its subsidiaries is subject; or (iii) in violation of any law or statute applicable to the Company or any of its subsidiaries or any judgment, order, rule or regulation of any court or arbitrator or governmental or regulatory authority having jurisdiction over the Company or any of its subsidiaries, or any of their respective properties or assets, except, in the case of clauses (ii) and (iii) above, for any such default or violation that would not, individually or in the aggregate, have a Material Adverse Effect.

 

8

 

 

2.17. No Conflicts. None of (i) the execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement by the Company, (ii) the issuance, sale and delivery of the Closing Units or the Option Securities, (iii) the application of the proceeds of the offering as described under “Use of Proceeds” in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Final Prospectus, or (iv) the consummation of the transactions contemplated herein will: (x) result in any violation of the terms or provisions of the charter, by-laws or similar organizational documents of the Company or any of its subsidiaries; (y) conflict with, result in a breach or violation of, or require the approval of stockholders, members or partners or any approval or consent of any persons under, any of the terms or provisions of, constitute a default under, result in the termination, modification, or acceleration of, or result in the creation or imposition of any lien, charge or encumbrance upon any property, right or asset of the Company or any of its subsidiaries pursuant to, any indenture, mortgage, deed of trust, loan agreement, note agreement, contract, undertaking or other agreement, obligation, condition, covenant or instrument to which the Company or any of its subsidiaries is a party or by which the Company or any of its subsidiaries is bound or to which any property, right or asset of the Company or any of its subsidiaries is subject; or (z) result in the violation of any law, statute, judgment, order, rule, decree or regulation applicable to the Company or any of its subsidiaries of any court, arbitrator, governmental or regulatory authority, agency or body having jurisdiction over the Company or any of its subsidiaries or any of their respective properties or assets.

 

2.18. No Consents Required. No consent, approval, authorization, order, filing, registration, license or qualification of or with any court, arbitrator, or governmental or regulatory authority, agency, or body is required for (i) the execution, delivery and performance by the Company of this Agreement; (ii) the issuance, sale and delivery of the Securities ; or (iii) the consummation of the transactions contemplated herein, except for such consents, approvals, authorizations, orders, filings, registrations or qualifications as (x) have already been obtained or made and are still in full force and effect, (y) may be required by FINRA and the Nasdaq Capital Market, and (z) may be required under applicable state securities laws in connection with the purchase, distribution and resale of the Securities by the Underwriter.

 

2.19. Independent Accountants. Wolf & Company P.C., with offices at [●], , which expressed its opinion with respect to the financial statements (which term as used in this Agreement includes the related notes thereto) and supporting schedules included in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Final Prospectus, is an independent registered public accounting firm with respect to the Company and its subsidiaries within the meaning of the rules and regulations of the Commission and the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board and as required by the Securities Act.

 

9

 

 

2.20. Financial Statements and Other Financial Data. The financial statements (including the related notes thereto), together with the supporting schedules, included in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Final Prospectus comply in all material respects with the applicable requirements of the Securities Act and present fairly the consolidated financial position of the entities to which they relate as of and at the dates indicated and the results of their operations and cash flows for the periods specified. Such financial statements, notes and schedules have been prepared in conformity with GAAP applied on a consistent basis throughout the periods involved, except as may be expressly stated in the notes thereto and except, in the case of unaudited interim financial statements, subject to normal year end audit adjustments and the exclusion of certain footnotes as permitted by the applicable rules of the Commission. The financial data set forth in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Final Prospectus under the captions “Capitalization” present fairly the information set forth therein on a basis consistent with that of the audited financial statements included in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Final Prospectus.

 

2.21. Statistical and Market-Related Data. The statistical and market-related data included in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Final Prospectus are based on or derived from sources that the Company reasonably and in good faith believes to be accurate and reliable in all material respects.

 

2.22. Forward-Looking Statements. No forward-looking statement (within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act and Section 21E of the Exchange Act) included in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package or the Final Prospectus has been made or reaffirmed without a reasonable basis or has been disclosed other than in good faith.

 

2.23. Legal Proceedings. Except as disclosed in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Final Prospectus, (i) there are no legal, governmental or regulatory investigations, actions, demands, claims, suits, arbitrations, inquiries or proceedings (collectively, “Actions”) pending to which the Company or any of its subsidiaries is or may be a party or to which any property, right or asset of the Company or any of its subsidiaries is or may be the subject that, individually or in the aggregate, if determined adversely to the Company or any of its subsidiaries, could have a Material Adverse Effect; and (ii) to the knowledge of the Company, no such Actions are threatened or contemplated by any governmental or regulatory authority or by others.

 

2.24. Labor Disputes. No labor disturbance by or dispute with the employees of the Company or any of its subsidiaries exists or, to the knowledge of the Company, is threatened or contemplated that could, individually or in the aggregate, have a Material Adverse Effect.

 

2.25. Intellectual Property Rights. (i) The Company and its subsidiaries own or have the right to use all patents, patent applications, trademarks, service marks, trade names, and other source indicators and registrations and applications for registration thereof, domain name registrations, copyrights and registrations and applications for registration thereof, technology and know-how, trade secrets, and all other intellectual property and related proprietary rights (collectively, “Intellectual Property Rights”) necessary to conduct their respective businesses; (ii) other than as disclosed in the Prospectus, neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries has received any notice of infringement, misappropriation or other conflict with (and neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries is otherwise aware of any infringement, misappropriation or other conflict with) the Intellectual Property Rights of any other person, except for such infringement, misappropriation or other conflict as could not have a Material Adverse Effect; and (iii) to the knowledge of the Company, the Intellectual Property Rights of the Company and its subsidiaries are not being infringed, misappropriated or otherwise violated by any person.

 

10

 

 

2.26. Licenses and Permits. (i) The Company and its subsidiaries possess such valid and current certificates, authorizations, approvals, licenses and permits (collectively, “Authorizations”) issued by, and have made all declarations, amendments, supplements and filings with, the appropriate state, federal or foreign regulatory agencies or bodies necessary to own, lease and operate their respective properties and to conduct their respective businesses as set forth in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Final Prospectus; (ii) all such Authorizations are valid and in full force and effect and the Company and its subsidiaries are in compliance with the terms and conditions of all such Authorizations; and (iii) neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries has received notice of any revocation, termination or modification of, or non-compliance with, any such Authorization or has any reason to believe that any such Authorization will not be renewed in the ordinary course, except where, in the case of clauses (i), (ii) and (iii), the failure to possess, make or obtain such Authorizations (by possession, declaration or filing) could not, individually or in the aggregate, have a Material Adverse Effect.

 

2.27. Title to Property. The Company and its subsidiaries have good and marketable title to, or have valid and enforceable rights to lease or otherwise use, all items of real property and personal property (other than with respect to Intellectual Property Rights, which is addressed exclusively in Section 2.25) that are material to the respective businesses of the Company and its subsidiaries, in each case, free and clear of all liens, encumbrances, claims, and defects and imperfections of title, except such liens, encumbrances, claims, defects and imperfections as (i) are disclosed in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Final Prospectus, or (ii) do not materially affect the value of such property and do not materially interfere with the use made or proposed to be made of such property by the Company and its subsidiaries. The Company and its subsidiaries have good and marketable title to, or have valid and enforceable rights to lease or otherwise use, all items of real and personal property that are material to the respective businesses of the Company and its subsidiaries, in each case, free and clear of all liens, encumbrances, claims and defects and imperfections of title, except such liens, encumbrances, claims, defects and imperfections as (i) are disclosed in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Final Prospectus, or (ii) do not materially affect the value of such property and do not materially interfere with the use made or proposed to be made of such property by the Company and its subsidiaries. All items of real and personal property held under lease by the Company and its subsidiaries are held under valid, subsisting and enforceable leases, with such exceptions as do not materially interfere with the use made or proposed to be made of such property by the Company and its subsidiaries.

 

2.28. Taxes. The Company and each of its subsidiaries have filed all federal, state, local and foreign tax returns required to be filed through the date hereof or have timely requested extensions thereof and have paid all taxes required to be paid thereon (except as currently being contested in good faith and for which reserves required by GAAP have been created in the financial statements of the Company). The charges, accruals and reserves in respect of any income and other tax liability in the financial statements of the Company referred to in Section 2.20 are adequate, in accordance with GAAP principles, to meet any assessments for any taxes of the Company accruing through the end of the last period specified in such financial statements.

 

11

 

 

2.29. Solvency. Based on the consolidated financial condition of the Company as of the Closing Date, after giving effect to the receipt by the Company of the proceeds from the sale of the Closing Units hereunder, (i) the fair saleable value of the Company’s assets exceeds the amount that will be required to be paid on or in respect of the Company’s existing debts and other liabilities (including known contingent liabilities) as they mature, (ii) the Company’s assets do not constitute unreasonably small capital to carry on its business as now conducted and as proposed to be conducted including its capital needs taking into account the particular capital requirements of the business conducted by the Company, consolidated and projected capital requirements and capital availability thereof, and (iii) the current cash flow of the Company, together with the proceeds the Company would receive, were it to liquidate all of its assets, after taking into account all anticipated uses of the cash, would be sufficient to pay all amounts on or in respect of its liabilities when such amounts are required to be paid. The Company does not intend to incur debts beyond its ability to pay such debts as they mature (taking into account the timing and amounts of cash to be payable on or in respect of its debt). The Company has no knowledge of any facts or circumstances which lead it to believe that it will file for reorganization or liquidation under the bankruptcy or reorganization laws of any jurisdiction within one year from the Closing Date. The Registration Statement sets forth as of the date hereof all outstanding secured and unsecured Indebtedness of the Company or any Subsidiary, or for which the Company or any Subsidiary has commitments. Neither the Company nor any Subsidiary is in default with respect to any Indebtedness.

 

2.30. Investment Company Act. Neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries is or, after giving effect to the offer and sale of the Securities and the application of the proceeds therefrom as described under “Use of Proceeds” in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Final Prospectus, will be required to register as an “investment company” (as defined in the Investment Company Act).

 

2.31. Insurance. The Company and its subsidiaries are insured by recognized, financially sound institutions in such amounts, with such amounts, with such deductibles and covering such losses and risks as the Company reasonably believes to be adequate for the conduct of their respective businesses and the value of their respective properties and as is prudent and customary for companies engaged in similar businesses in similar industries. All insurance policies and fidelity or surety bonds insuring the Company and its subsidiaries or their respective businesses, assets, employees, officers and directors are in full force and effect; the Company and its subsidiaries are in compliance with the terms of such policies in all material respects; neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries has received notice from any insurer or agent of such insurer that capital improvements or other expenditures are required to be made in order to continue such insurance; and neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries has been refused any insurance coverage sought or applied for. There are no claims by the Company or any of its subsidiaries under any such policy as to which any insurer is denying liability or defending under a reservation of rights clause; and neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries has any reason to believe that it will not be able to renew its existing insurance coverage as and when such coverage expires or to obtain similar coverage from similar insurers as may be necessary to continue its business at a cost that could not have a Material Adverse Effect.

 

12

 

 

2.32. No Stabilization or Manipulation. None of the Company, nor its Affiliates, or, to the knowledge of the Company, any person acting on its or any of their behalf (other than the Underwriter, as to which no representation or warranty is given) has taken, directly or indirectly, any action designed to or that has constituted or that could reasonably be expected to cause or result in the stabilization or manipulation of the price of any securities of the Company. The Company acknowledges that the Underwriter may engage in passive market making transactions in the Common Stock on the Nasdaq Capital Market (the “Exchange”) in accordance with Regulation M under the Exchange Act (“Regulation M”).

 

2.33. Compliance with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. The Company and, to the knowledge of the Company, its officers and directors, in their capacities as such, are and have been in compliance with all applicable provisions of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act.

 

2.34. Accounting Controls. The Company and its subsidiaries maintain systems of “internal control over financial reporting” (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) of the Exchange Act) that comply with the requirements of the Exchange Act and have been designed by, or under the supervision of, their principal executive and principal financial officers, or persons performing similar functions, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with GAAP. The Company and its subsidiaries maintain internal accounting controls sufficient to provide reasonable assurance that (i) transactions are executed in accordance with management’s general or specific authorizations; (ii) transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP and to maintain asset accountability; (iii) access to assets is permitted only in accordance with management’s general or specific authorization; and (iv) the recorded accountability for assets is compared with the existing assets at reasonable intervals and appropriate action is taken with respect to any differences. Other than as disclosed in the Registration Statement, the Company maintains a system of internal control over financial reporting and the Company is not aware of any other material weaknesses in its internal control over financial reporting (whether or not remediated). Other than as disclosed in the Registration Statement, since the date of the most recent balance sheet included in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Final Prospectus, (x) the Company’s auditors and the board of directors of the Company have not been advised of (A) any new significant deficiencies or material weaknesses in the design or operation of the internal control over financial reporting of the Company and its subsidiaries which could adversely affect the Company’s ability to record, process, summarize, and report financial data; or (B) any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a role in the internal control over financial reporting of the Company or its subsidiaries; and (y) there have been no significant changes in the internal control over financial reporting of the Company or its subsidiaries or in other factors that could significantly affect, such internal control over financial reporting, including any corrective actions with regard to significant deficiencies or material weaknesses, since the respective dates as of which information is given in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Final Prospectus.

 

13

 

 

2.35. Disclosure Controls and Procedures. The Company and its subsidiaries have established and maintain disclosure controls and procedures (as such term is defined in Rule 13a-15(e) under the Exchange Act) that are designed to comply with the requirements of the Exchange Act; such disclosure controls and procedures are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Company and its subsidiaries in the reports they file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Commission’s rules and forms, including controls and procedures designed to ensure that such information is accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure; and such disclosure controls and procedures are effective to perform the functions for which they were established.

 

2.36. Compliance with Environmental Laws. The Company and each of its subsidiaries (i) are, and at all times prior hereto were, in compliance with all Environmental Laws (as defined below) applicable to such entity, which compliance includes, without limitation, obtaining, maintaining and complying with all permits and authorizations and approvals required by Environmental Laws to conduct their respective businesses; and (ii) have not received notice or otherwise have knowledge of any actual or alleged violation of Environmental Laws, or of any actual or potential liability for or other obligation concerning the presence, disposal or release of hazardous or toxic substances or wastes, pollutants or contaminants, and, except as described in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Final Prospectus, (x) there are no proceedings that are pending, or known to be contemplated, against the Company or any of its subsidiaries under Environmental Laws, other than such proceedings regarding which would not, individually or in the aggregate, have a Material Adverse Effect; (y) to the knowledge of the Company, none of the Company or any of its subsidiaries is aware of any issues regarding compliance with Environmental Laws, including any pending or proposed Environmental Laws, or liabilities or other obligations under Environmental Laws or concerning hazardous or toxic substances or wastes, pollutants or contaminants, that could reasonably be expected to have a material effect on the capital expenditures, earnings or competitive position of the Company and its subsidiaries; and (z) none of the Company or any of its subsidiaries anticipates material capital expenditures relating to Environmental Laws. As used herein, the term “Environmental Laws” means any laws, regulations, ordinances, rules, orders, judgments, decrees, permits or other legal requirements of any governmental authority, including, without limitation, any international, foreign, national, state, provincial, regional, or local authority, relating to pollution, the protection of human health or safety, the environment, or natural resources, or to the use, handling, storage, manufacturing, transportation, treatment, discharge, disposal or release of hazardous or toxic substances or wastes, pollutants or contaminants.

 

14

 

 

2.37. ERISA. Each “employee benefit plan” (within the meaning of Section 3(3) of the Employee Retirement Security Act of 1974, as amended (“ERISA”)) for which the Company or any member of its “Controlled Group” (defined as any organization which is a member of a controlled group of corporations within the meaning of Section 414 of the Code) would have any liability (each, a “Plan”) complies in form with the requirements of all applicable statutes, rules and regulations including ERISA and the Code, and has been maintained and administered in substantial compliance with its terms and with the requirements of all applicable statutes, rules and regulations including ERISA and the Code; (ii) with respect to each Plan subject to Title IV of ERISA or Section 302 of ERISA or Section 412 and 430 of the Code (A) no “reportable event” (within the meaning of Section 4043(c) of ERISA) has occurred or is reasonably expected to occur, (B) no failure to satisfy the minimum funding standard (within the meaning of Section 302 of ERISA or Section 412 and 430 of the Code), whether or not waived, has occurred or is reasonably expected to occur, (C) the fair market value of the assets under each Plan (excluding for these purposes accrued but unpaid contributions) exceeds the present value of all benefits accrued under such Plan (determined based on those assumptions used to fund such Plan) and (D) neither the Company or any member of its Controlled Group has incurred, or reasonably expects to incur, any liability under Title IV of ERISA (other than contributions to the Plan or premiums to the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation in the ordinary course and without default) in respect of a Plan (including a “multiemployer plan”, within the meaning of Section 4001(a)(3) of ERISA); (iii) each Plan that is intended to be qualified under Section 401(a) of the Code is so qualified and nothing has occurred, whether by action or by failure to act, which would cause the loss of such qualification; and (iv) no prohibited transaction, within the meaning of Section 406 of ERISA or Section 4975 of the Code, has occurred with respect to any Plan excluding transactions to which a statutory or administrative prohibited transaction exemption applies.

 

2.38. Related Party Transactions. Except as disclosed in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Final Prospectus, no relationship, direct or indirect, exists between or among the Company or any of its subsidiaries, on the one hand, and the directors, officers, stockholders, other Affiliates, customers or suppliers of the Company or any of its subsidiaries, on the other hand, that would be required by the Securities Act to be described in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Final Prospectus.

 

2.39. No Unlawful Contributions or Other Payments. Neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries, nor any director, officer of the Company, nor, to the knowledge of the Company, any agent, employee, Affiliate or other person associated with or acting on behalf of the Company or any of its subsidiaries has (i) used any corporate funds for any unlawful contribution, gift, entertainment or other unlawful expense relating to political activity; (ii) made any direct or indirect unlawful payment to any foreign or domestic government or regulatory official or employee; (iii) made any bribe, rebate, payoff, influence payment, kickback or other unlawful payment; or (iv) violated or is in violation of any provision of (y) the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977, as amended, and the rules and regulations thereunder (the “FCPA”), or (z) any non-U.S. anti-bribery or anti-corruption statute or regulation. The Company and its subsidiaries have instituted and maintain and enforce policies and procedures designed to promote and ensure compliance with all applicable anti-bribery and anti-corruption laws.

 

15

 

 

2.40. Compliance with Anti-Money Laundering Laws. The operations of the Company and its subsidiaries are and have been conducted at all times in compliance with all applicable financial recordkeeping and reporting requirements, including those of the Currency and Foreign Transactions Reporting Act of 1970, as amended, the applicable anti-money laundering statutes of all jurisdictions where the Company or any of its subsidiaries conduct business, the rules and regulations thereunder and any related or similar rules, regulations or guidelines issued, administered or enforced by any governmental agency (collectively, the “Anti-Money Laundering Laws”); and no action, suit or proceeding by or before any court or governmental agency, authority or body or any arbitrator involving the Company or any of its subsidiaries with respect to the Anti-Money Laundering Laws is pending or, to the knowledge of the Company, threatened.

 

2.41. Compliance with OFAC. Neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries nor any director, officer of the Company, nor, to the knowledge of the Company, any agent, employee or Affiliate of the Company or any of its subsidiaries is an individual or entity (an “OFAC Person”), or is owned or controlled by an OFAC Person, that is currently the subject or target of any sanctions administered or enforced by the U.S. government (including, without limitation, the Office of Foreign Assets Control of the U.S. Treasury Department (“OFAC”) or the U.S. Department of State and including, without limitation, the designation as a “specially designated national” or “blocked person”), the United Nations Security Council, the European Union, His Majesty’s Treasury, or other relevant sanctions authority (collectively, “Sanctions”), nor is the Company or any of its subsidiaries located, organized or resident in a country or territory that is the subject or the target of Sanctions, including, without limitation, Crimea, Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Sudan and Syria (each, a “Sanctioned Country”); and the Company will not directly or indirectly use the proceeds of the offering, or lend, contribute or otherwise make available such proceeds to any subsidiary, joint venture partner or other OFAC Person (i) to fund or facilitate any activities of or business with any OFAC Person that, at the time of such funding or facilitation, is the subject or the target of Sanctions, (ii) to fund or facilitate any activities or business in any Sanctioned Country or (iii) in any other manner that will result in a violation by any OFAC Person (including any OFAC Person participating in the transaction, whether as underwriter, advisor, investor or otherwise) of Sanctions. Since the Company’s inception, the Company and its subsidiaries have not knowingly engaged in and are not now knowingly engaged in any dealings or transactions with any OFAC Person that at the time of the dealing or transaction is or was the subject or the target of Sanctions or with any Sanctioned Country.

 

2.42. No Registration Rights. Except as described in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Final Prospectus, there are no contracts, agreements or understandings between the Company or any of its subsidiaries, on the one hand, and any person, on the other hand, granting such person any rights to require the Company or any of its subsidiaries to file a registration statement under the Securities Act with respect to any securities of the Company or any of its subsidiaries owned or to be owned by such person or to require the Company or any of its subsidiaries to include such securities in any securities to be registered pursuant to any registration statement to be filed by the Company or any of its subsidiaries under the Securities Act.

 

16

 

 

2.43. Subsidiaries. The subsidiaries of the Company shall be referred to hereinafter each as a “Subsidiary” and collectively as “Subsidiaries.” The description of the corporate structure of the Company and each of the agreements among the Subsidiaries as set forth in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Final Prospectus under the caption “Corporate History and Structure” filed as Exhibit 21.1 to the Registration Statement is true and accurate in all material respects and nothing has been omitted from such description which would make it misleading. The Subsidiaries of the Company listed in Schedule 2.43 hereto are the only “significant subsidiaries” (as defined under Rule 1.02(w) of Regulation S-X under the Securities Act) of the Company (the “Significant Subsidiaries”).

 

2.44. No Restrictions on Subsidiaries. Except as disclosed in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Final Prospectus, no Subsidiary of the Company is currently prohibited, directly or indirectly, from paying any dividends to the Company, from making any other distribution on such Subsidiary’s share capital or similar ownership interest, from repaying to the Company any loans or advances to such Subsidiary from the Company or from transferring any of such Subsidiary’s properties or assets to the Company or any other Subsidiary of the Company.

 

2.45. Exchange Listing. The Common Stock is listed on the Exchange, and the Company has taken no action designed to, or likely to have the effect of, delisting the Common Stock from the Exchange, nor has the Company received any notification that the Exchange is contemplating terminating such listing, except as described in the Registration Statement, the Disclosure Package and the Prospectus.

 

2.46. Exchange Act Registration. The Common Stock is registered pursuant to Section 12(b) under the Exchange Act. The Company has taken no action designed to, or likely to have the effect of, terminating the registration of the Common Stock under the Exchange Act, nor has the Company received any notification that the Commission is contemplating terminating such registration.

 

2.47. Prior Securities Transactions. No securities of the Company have been sold by the Company or by or on behalf of, or for the benefit of, any person or persons controlling, controlled by or under common control with the Company, except as disclosed in the Registration Statement, the Disclosure Package and the Prospectus.

 

2.48. Application of Takeover Protections. The Company and the Board of Directors have taken all necessary action, if any, in order to render inapplicable any control share acquisition, business combination, poison pill (including any distribution under a rights agreement) or other similar anti-takeover provision under the Company’s certificate of incorporation (or similar charter documents) or the laws of its state of incorporation that is or could become applicable as a result of the Underwriter and the Company fulfilling their obligations or exercising their rights hereunder (including documents incorporated herein by reference or attached hereto).

 

17

 

 

2.49. D&O Questionnaires. To the Company’s knowledge, all information contained in the questionnaires (the “Questionnaires”) completed by each of the Company’s directors, officers and beneficial holders of 5% or more of the Company’s Common Stock immediately prior to the Offering as supplemented by all information concerning the Company’s directors, officers and principal stockholders as described in the Registration Statement, the Disclosure Package and the Prospectus, provided to the Underwriter is true and correct in all material respects and the Company has not become aware of any information which would cause the information disclosed in the Questionnaires to become inaccurate and incorrect in any material respect.

 

2.50. No Integrated Offering. Neither the Company, nor any of its Affiliates, nor any Person acting on its or their behalf has, directly or indirectly, made any offers or sales of any security or solicited any offers to buy any security, under circumstances that would cause this offering of the Closing Units to be integrated with prior offerings by the Company for purposes of any applicable stockholder approval provisions of any Trading Market on which any of the securities of the Company are listed or designated.

 

2.51. Litigation; Governmental Proceedings. There is no material action, suit, proceeding, inquiry, arbitration, investigation, litigation or governmental proceeding pending or, to the Company’s knowledge, threatened against, or involving the Company, any of its Subsidiaries or, to the Company’s knowledge, any executive officer or director which has not been disclosed in the Registration Statement, the Disclosure Package and the Prospectus which is required to be disclosed.

 

2.52. FINRA Matters.

 

2.52.1. No Broker’s Fees. Except as disclosed in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Final Prospectus, neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries is a party to any contract, agreement or understanding with any person (other than this Agreement) that would give rise to a valid claim against any of them or the Underwriter for a brokerage commission, finder’s fee or like payment in connection with the offering and sale of the Securities.

 

2.52.2. Payments Within Six (6) Months. Except as described in the Registration Statement, the Disclosure Package and the Prospectus, the Company has not made any direct or indirect payments (in cash, securities or otherwise) to: (i) any person, as a finder’s fee, consulting fee or otherwise, in consideration of such person raising capital for the Company or introducing to the Company persons who raised or provided capital to the Company; (ii) any FINRA member; or (iii) any person or entity that has any direct or indirect affiliation or association with any FINRA member, within the six (6) months prior to the initial filing of the Registration Statement, other than the payment to the Underwriter as provided hereunder in connection with the Offering.

 

2.52.3. Use of Proceeds. None of the net proceeds of the Offering will be paid by the Company to any participating FINRA member or its affiliates, except as specifically authorized herein.

 

18

 

 

2.52.4. FINRA Affiliation. There is no (i) officer or director of the Company, (ii) to the Company’s knowledge, any beneficial owner of 10% or more of any class of the Company’s securities or (iii) to the Company’s knowledge, any beneficial owner of the Company’s unregistered equity securities which were acquired during the 180-day period immediately preceding the filing of the Registration Statement that is an affiliate or associated person of a FINRA member participating in the Offering (as determined in accordance with the rules and regulations of FINRA).

 

2.52.5. Information. All information provided by the Company in its FINRA questionnaire to underwriter’s counsel specifically for use by underwriter’s counsel in connection with its Public Offering System filings (and related disclosure) with FINRA is true, correct and complete in all material respects.

 

3.Representations and Warranties of the Underwriter. The Underwriter represents and warrants to, and agrees with, the Company:

 

3.1. No Testing-the-Waters Communications. The Underwriter has not (i) alone engaged in any Testing-the-Waters Communication and (ii) authorized anyone to engage in Testing-the-Waters Communications. The Underwriter has not distributed, or authorized anyone else to distribute, any Written Testing-the-Waters Communications.

 

4.Purchase and Resale.

 

4.1. Agreements to Sell and Purchase. On the basis of the representations, warranties and covenants herein and subject to the conditions herein and any adjustments made in accordance with Section 4.3 hereof,

 

4.1.1. The Company agrees to issue and sell the Closing Units to the Underwriter; and

 

4.1.2. The Underwriter agrees to purchase from the Company the number of Closing Units set forth opposite the Underwriter’s name in Schedule 4.1.2 hereto, subject to such adjustments as the Underwriter in its sole discretion shall make to eliminate any sales or purchases of fractional Shares.

 

4.1.3. The Closing Units are to be offered initially to the public at the offering price set forth on the cover page of the Final Prospectus (the “Public Offering Price”). The purchase price per Closing Unit to be paid by the Underwriter to the Company shall be $[●] per Unit (the “Purchase Price”), which represents the Public Offering Price less an underwriting discount of 8.5% and a non-accountable expense allowance of $75,000.

 

4.1.4. Payment for the Closing Units (the “Closing Units Payment”) shall be made by wire transfer in immediately available funds to the accounts specified by the Company to the Underwriter at the offices of Kaufman & Canoles, P.C. at 10:00 a.m., ET, on [●], 2024 or at such other place on the same or such other date and time, not later than the fifth (5th) Business Day thereafter, as the Underwriter and the Company may agree upon in writing (the “Closing Date”). The Closing Units Payment shall be made against delivery of the Closing Units to be purchased on the Closing Date to the Underwriter with any transfer taxes, stamp duties and other similar taxes payable in connection with the sale of the Closing Units duly paid by the Company.

 

19

 

 

4.2. Over-Allotment Option.

 

4.2.1. On the basis of the representations, warranties and covenants herein and subject to the conditions herein, the Underwriter is hereby granted an option (the “Over-Allotment Option”) to purchase, in the aggregate, up to [●] additional shares of Common Stock, representing 15.0% of the Closing Units and/or Pre-funded Warrants sold in the offering from the Company (the “Option Shares”) and/or up to [●] Class C Warrants to purchase an aggregate of an additional [●] shares of Common Stock, representing 15.0% of the Closing Units sold in the offering from the Company; and [●] Class D Warrants, representing 15.0% of the Closing Units sold in the offering from the Company (the “Option Warrants”). The purchase price to be paid per Option Share shall be equal to the price per Closing Unit set forth in Section 4.1 hereof (less $0.01 attributable to each whole Option Warrant included in the Closing Unit) and the purchase price to be paid per Option Warrant shall be equal to $0.01 per Option Warrant. The Over-allotment Option is, at the Underwriter’s sole discretion, for Option Shares and Option Warrants together, solely Option Shares, solely Option Warrants, or any combination thereof (each, an “Option Security” and collectively, the “Option Securities”). The Closing Units and the Option Securities are collectively referred to as the “Securities”. The Securities and the shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of the Pre-funded Warrants and the Warrants (the “Underlying Shares”), are collectively referred to as the “Public Securities.” The Public Securities shall be issued directly by the Company and shall have the rights and privileges described in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Prospectus. The Closing Warrants and the Option Warrants, if any, shall be issued pursuant to, and shall have the rights and privileges set forth in, the form of Warrant, and the Closing Pre-funded Warrants shall be issued pursuant to, and shall have the rights and privileges set forth in, the form of Pre-funded Warrant. The offering and sale of the Public Securities is herein referred to as the “Offering”.

 

4.2.2. Upon an exercise of the Over-Allotment Option and subject to the terms and conditions herein, the Company agrees to issue and sell the Option Securities to the Underwriter.

 

4.2.3. The Underwriter may exercise the Over-Allotment Option at any time in whole, or from time to time in part, on or before the forty-fifth (45th) day following the date of the Final Prospectus, by written notice from the Underwriter to the Company (the “Over-Allotment Exercise Notice”). The Underwriter must give the Over-Allotment Exercise Notice to the Company at least two (2) Business Days prior to the Closing Date or the applicable Additional Closing Date, as the case may be. The Underwriter may cancel any exercise of the Over-Allotment Option at any time prior to the Closing Date or the applicable Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, by giving written notice of such cancellation to the Company.

 

4.2.4. The Over-Allotment Exercise Notice shall set forth each of the following:

 

4.2.4.1 the aggregate number of Option Securities as to which the Over-Allotment Option is being exercised.

 

20

 

 

4.2.4.2 the Over-Allotment Option Purchase Price.

 

4.2.4.3 the names and denominations in which the Option Securities are to be registered.

 

4.2.4.4 the applicable Additional Closing Date, which may be the same date and time as the Closing Date but shall not be earlier than the Closing Date nor later than the tenth (10th) full Business Day after the date of the Over-Allotment Exercise Notice.

 

4.2.5. Payment for the Option Securities (the “Option Securities Payment”) shall be made by wire transfer in immediately available funds to the accounts specified by the Company to the Underwriter at the offices of Kaufman & Canoles, P.C. at 10:00 a.m. ET on the date specified in the corresponding Over-Allotment Exercise Notice, or at such other place on the same or such other date and time, not later than the fifth Business Day thereafter, as the Underwriter and the Company may agree upon in writing (an “Additional Closing Date”). The Option Securities Payment shall be made against delivery to the Underwriter for the respective accounts of the Underwriter of the Option Securities to be purchased on any Additional Closing Date, with any transfer taxes, stamp duties and other similar taxes payable in connection with the sale of the Option Securities duly paid by the Company. Delivery of the Option Securities shall be made through the facilities of DTC unless the Underwriter shall otherwise instruct.

 

4.3. Public Offering. The Company understands that the Underwriter intends to make a public offering of the Units as soon after the effectiveness of this Agreement as in the judgment of the Underwriter is advisable, and initially to offer the Units on the terms set forth in the Final Prospectus. The Company acknowledges and agrees that the Underwriter may offer and sell Units to or through any Affiliate of the Underwriter.

 

5.Covenants of the Company. The Company hereby covenants and agrees with the Underwriter as follows:

 

5.1. Filings with the Commission. The Company will:

 

5.1.1. prepare and file the Final Prospectus (in a form approved by the Underwriter and containing the Rule 430A Information) with the Commission in accordance with and within the time periods specified by Rules 424(b) and 430A under the Securities Act.

 

5.1.2. file any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus with the Commission to the extent required by Rule 433 under the Securities Act.

 

5.1.3. file with the Commission such reports as may be required by Rule 463 under the Securities Act.

 

21

 

 

5.2. Notice to the Underwriter. The Company will advise the Underwriter promptly, and confirm such advice in writing:

 

5.2.1. when the Registration Statement has become effective.

 

5.2.2. when the Final Prospectus has been filed with the Commission.

 

5.2.3. when any amendment to the Registration Statement has been filed or becomes effective.

 

5.2.4. when any Rule 462(b) Registration Statement has been filed with the Commission.

 

5.2.5. when any supplement to the Final Prospectus, any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus, any Written Testing-the-Waters Communication or any amendment to the Final Prospectus has been filed or distributed.

 

5.2.6. of (x) any request by the Commission for any amendment to the Registration Statement or any amendment or supplement to the Final Prospectus, (y) the receipt of any comments from the Commission relating to the Registration Statement or (z) any other request by the Commission for any additional information, including, but not limited to, any request for information concerning any Testing-the-Waters Communication.

 

5.2.7. of (x) the issuance by the Commission of any order suspending the effectiveness of the Registration Statement or preventing or suspending the use of the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package, the Final Prospectus, any Preliminary Prospectus, any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus or any Written Testing-the-Waters Communication or (y) the initiation or, to the knowledge of the Company, threatening of any proceeding for that purpose or pursuant to Section 8A of the Securities Act.

 

5.2.8. of the occurrence of any event or development within the Prospectus Delivery Period as a result of which, the Final Prospectus, the Pricing Disclosure Package, any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus or any Written Testing-the-Waters Communication as then amended or supplemented would include any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary in order to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances existing when the Final Prospectus, the Pricing Disclosure Package, any such Issuer Free Writing Prospectus or any such Written Testing-the-Waters Communication is delivered to a purchaser, not misleading.

 

5.2.9. of the issuance by any governmental or regulatory authority or any order preventing or suspending the use of any of the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package, the Final Prospectus, any Preliminary Prospectus, any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus or any Testing-the-Waters Communication or the initiation or threatening for that purpose.

 

22

 

 

5.2.10. of the receipt by the Company of any notice with respect to any suspension of the qualification of the Units for offer and sale in any jurisdiction or the initiation or, to the knowledge of the Company, threatening of any proceeding for such purpose.

 

5.3. Ongoing Compliance.

 

5.3.1. If during the Prospectus Delivery Period:

 

5.3.1.1 any event or development shall occur or condition shall exist as a result of which the Final Prospectus as then amended or supplemented would include any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state any material fact necessary in order to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances existing when the Final Prospectus is delivered to a purchaser, not misleading, the Company will, as soon as reasonably possible, notify the Underwriter thereof and forthwith prepare and, subject to Section 5.4 hereof, file with the Commission and furnish, at its own expense, to the Underwriter and to such dealers as the Underwriter may designate such amendments or supplements to the Final Prospectus as may be necessary so that the statements in the Final Prospectus as so amended or supplemented will not, in the light of the circumstances existing when the Final Prospectus is delivered to a purchaser, be misleading; or

 

5.3.1.2 it is necessary to amend or supplement the Final Prospectus to comply with applicable law, the Company will, as soon as reasonably possible, notify the Underwriter thereof and forthwith prepare and, subject to Section 5.4 hereof, file with the Commission and furnish, at its own expense, to the Underwriter and to such dealers as the Underwriter may designate such amendments or supplements to the Final Prospectus as may be necessary so that the Final Prospectus will comply with applicable law; and

 

5.3.2. if at any time prior to the Closing Date or any Additional Closing Date, as the case may be:

 

5.3.2.1 any event or development shall occur or condition shall exist as a result of which the Pricing Disclosure Package as then amended or supplemented would include any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state any material fact necessary in order to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances existing when the Pricing Disclosure Package is delivered to a purchaser, not misleading, the Company will immediately notify the Underwriter thereof and forthwith prepare and, subject to Section 5.4 hereof, file with the Commission (to the extent required) and furnish, at its own expense, to the Underwriter and to such dealers as the Underwriter may designate such amendments or supplements to the Pricing Disclosure Package as may be necessary so that the statements in the Pricing Disclosure Package as so amended or supplemented will not, in the light of the circumstances existing when the Pricing Disclosure Package is delivered to a purchaser, be misleading; or

 

23

 

 

5.3.2.2 it is necessary to amend or supplement the Pricing Disclosure Package to comply with applicable law, the Company will immediately notify the Underwriter thereof and forthwith prepare and, subject to Section 5.4 hereof, file with the Commission (to the extent required) and furnish, at its own expense, to the Underwriter and to such dealers as the Underwriter may designate such amendments or supplements to the Pricing Disclosure Package as may be necessary so that the Pricing Disclosure Package will comply with applicable law.

 

5.4. Amendments, Supplements and Issuer Free Writing Prospectuses. Before (i) using, authorizing, approving, referring to, distributing or filing any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus, (ii) filing (x) any Rule 462(b) Registration Statement or (y) any amendment or supplement to the Registration Statement or the Final Prospectus, or (iii) distributing any amendment or supplement to the Pricing Disclosure Package or the Final Prospectus, the Company will furnish to the Underwriter and counsel for the Underwriter a copy of the proposed Issuer Free Writing Prospectus, Rule 462(b) Registration Statement or other amendment or supplement for review and will not use, authorize, refer to, distribute or file any such Issuer Free Writing Prospectus or Rule 462(b) Registration Statement, or file or distribute any such proposed amendment or supplement (A) to which the Underwriter objects in a timely manner and (B) which is not in compliance with the Securities Act. The Company will, pursuant to reasonable procedures developed in good faith, retain copies of each Issuer Free Writing Prospectus that is not filed with the Commission in accordance with Rule 433 under the Securities Act.

 

5.5. Delivery of Copies. The Company will, upon request of the Underwriter, deliver, without charge, (i) to the Underwriter, three signed copies of the Registration Statement as originally filed and each amendment thereto, in each case, including all exhibits and consents filed therewith; and (ii) to each Underwriter (A) a conformed copy of the Registration Statement as originally filed and each amendment thereto (without exhibits and consents) and (B) during the Prospectus Delivery Period, as many copies of the Final Prospectus (including all amendments and supplements thereto and each Issuer Free Writing Prospectus) as the Underwriter may reasonably request.

 

5.6. Blue Sky Compliance. The Company will use its best efforts, with the Underwriter’s cooperation, if necessary, to qualify or register (or to obtain exemptions from qualifying or registering) the Units for offer and sale under the securities or Blue Sky laws of such jurisdictions as the Underwriter shall reasonably request and will use its reasonable best efforts, with the Underwriter’s cooperation, if necessary, to continue such qualifications, registrations and exemptions in effect so long as required for the distribution of the Units; provided that the Company shall not be required to (i) qualify as a foreign corporation or other entity or as a dealer in securities in any such jurisdiction where it would not otherwise be required to so qualify, (ii) file any general consent to service of process in any such jurisdiction or (iii) subject itself to taxation in any such jurisdiction if it is not otherwise so subject.

 

24

 

 

5.7. Earning Statement. The Company will make generally available to its security holders and the Underwriter as soon as practicable an earning statement that satisfies the provisions of Section 11(a) of the Securities Act and Rule 158 under the Securities Act covering a period of at least 12 months beginning after the “effective date” (as defined in Rule 158 under the Securities Act) of the Registration Statement; provided that the Company will be deemed to have furnished such statement to its security holders and the Underwriter to the extent it is filed on the Commission’s Electronic Data Gathering, Analysis and Retrieval system (“EDGAR”).

 

5.8. Stockholder Approval. The Company shall hold a special meeting of shareholders at the earliest practical date after the date after the date hereof, but no later than sixty (60) days after the date hereof, for the purpose of obtaining Stockholder Approval, with the recommendation of the Company’s Board of Directors that such proposals be approved, and the Company shall solicit proxies from its shareholders in connection therewith in the same manner as all other management proposals in such proxy statement and all management-appointed proxyholders shall vote their proxies in favor of such proposal. The Company shall use its reasonable best efforts to obtain Stockholder Approval, including but limited to, within 10 days of the issue date hereof, filing a preliminary proxy with the Commission for the purpose of obtaining Stockholder Approval. If the Company does not obtain Stockholder Approval at the first meeting, the Company shall call a meeting every sixty (60) days thereafter to seek Stockholder Approvals until the earlier of the date Stockholder Approval is obtained or the Warrants are no longer outstanding. “Stockholder Approval” shall mean those actions set forth in the definition of “Stockholder Approval” in the Class C Warrants and the Class D Warrants.

 

5.9. Use of Proceeds. The Company shall apply the net proceeds from the sale of the Closing Units and the Option Securities in the manner described under the caption “Use of Proceeds” in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Final Prospectus.

 

5.10. Clear Market.

 

5.10.1. For a period of ninety (90) days after the Closing Date (the “Standstill Period”), the Company will not (x) offer, pledge, sell, contract to sell, sell any option or contract to purchase, purchase any option or contract to sell, grant any option, right or warrant to purchase, or otherwise transfer or dispose of, directly or indirectly, or file with the Commission a registration statement under the Securities Act relating to, any shares of Common Stock or any securities convertible into or exercisable or exchangeable for shares of Common Stock, or publicly disclose the intention to make any offer, sale, pledge, disposition or filing, or (y) enter into any swap or other agreement that transfers, in whole or in part, any of the economic consequences of ownership of the shares of Common Stock or any such other securities, whether any such transaction described in clause (x) or (y) above is to be settled by delivery of shares of Common Stock or such other securities, in cash or otherwise, without the prior written consent of the Underwriter.

 

25

 

 

5.10.2. The restrictions contained in Section 5.10.1 hereof shall not apply to: (A) the Units, (B) any shares of Common Stock issued under Company Common Stock Incentive Plans or warrants issued by the Company, in each case, described as outstanding in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Final Prospectus, (C) any options and other awards granted under a Company Common Stock Incentive Plan as described in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Final Prospectus, provided that such securities are issued as “restricted securities” (as defined in Rule 144) and carry no registration rights that require or permit any registration statement in connection therewith to be filed publicly or declared effective during the Standstill Period (D) the amendment of a Company Common Stock Incentive Plan as described in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Final Prospectus, (E) the filing by the Company of any registration statement on Form S-8 or a successor form thereto relating to a Company Common Stock Incentive Plan described in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Final Prospectus and (F) shares of Common Stock or other securities issued pursuant to acquisitions or strategic transactions (whether by merger, consolidation, purchase of equity, purchase of assets, reorganization or otherwise) approved by a majority of the disinterested directors of the Company, provided that such securities are issued as “restricted securities” (as defined in Rule 144) and carry no registration rights that require or permit the filing of any registration statement in connection therewith during the Standstill Period, and provided that any such issuance shall only be to a Person (or to the equityholders of a Person) which is, itself or through its subsidiaries, an operating company or an owner of an asset in a business synergistic with the business of the Company and shall provide to the Company additional benefits in addition to the investment of funds, but shall not include a transaction in which the Company is issuing securities primarily for the purpose of raising capital or to an entity whose primary business is investing in securities; provided, however, that any such shares of Common Stock or other securities issued or granted pursuant to clauses (B), (C) and (F) during the Standstill Period shall not be saleable in the public market until the expiration of the Standstill Period.

 

5.10.3. If the Underwriter, in its sole discretion, agrees to release or waive the restrictions set forth in any Lock-Up Agreement as described in Section 8.9 and provides the Company with notice of the impending release or waiver substantially in the form of Exhibit 5.10.3.1 hereto at least three (3) Business Days before the effective date of the release or waiver, then the Company agrees to announce the impending release or waiver by a press release substantially in the form of Exhibit 5.10.3.2 hereto through a major news service at least two (2) Business Days before the effective date of the release or waiver.

 

5.11. No Stabilization or Manipulation. None of the Company, its Affiliates or any person acting on its or any of their behalf (other than the Underwriter, as to which no covenant is given) will take, directly or indirectly, any action designed to or that constitutes or that could reasonably be expected to cause or result in the stabilization or manipulation of the price of any securities of the Company. The Company acknowledges that the Underwriter may engage in passive market making transactions in the Common Stock on the Exchange in accordance with Regulation M.

 

5.12. Investment Company Act. The Company shall not invest, or otherwise use the proceeds received by the Company from the sale of the Closing Units or the Option Securities in such a manner as would require the Company or any of its subsidiaries to register as an “investment company” (as defined in the Investment Company Act) under the Investment Company Act.

 

26

 

 

5.13. Transfer Agent. For the period of two (2) years from the date of this Agreement, the Company shall engage and maintain, at its expense, a registrar and transfer agent for the Common Stock.

 

5.14. Reports. For the period of two (2) years from the date of this Agreement, the Company will furnish to the Underwriter, as soon as they are available, copies of all reports or other communications (financial or other) furnished to holders of the Common Stock, and copies of any reports and financial statements furnished to or filed with the Commission or any national securities exchange or automatic quotation system; provided that the Company will be deemed to have furnished such reports and financial statements to the Underwriter to the extent they are filed on EDGAR.

 

5.15. Reservd.

 

6.Covenants of the Underwriter. The Underwriter hereby covenants and agrees with the Company as follows:

 

6.1. Underwriter Free Writing Prospectus. The Underwriter has not used, authorized the use of, referred to or participated in the planning for use of, and will not use, authorize the use of, refer to or participate in the planning for use of, any Free Writing Prospectus (which term includes use of any written information furnished to the Commission by the Company and not incorporated by reference into the Registration Statement and any press release issued by the Company) other than (i) a Free Writing Prospectus that contains no “issuer information” filed or required to be filed pursuant to Rule 433(d) under the Securities Act (“Issuer Information”) that was not included in the Preliminary Prospectus or a previously filed Issuer Free Writing Prospectus, (ii) any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus listed in Schedule 2.5.4 hereto or prepared pursuant to Section 2.5.4 or Section 5.4 hereof (including any electronic road show), or (iii) any Free Writing Prospectus prepared by the Underwriter and approved by the Company in advance in writing.

 

6.2. Section 8A Proceedings. The Underwriter is not subject to any pending proceeding under Section 8A of the Securities Act with respect to the offering of the Units and will promptly notify the Company if any such proceeding against it is initiated during the Prospectus Delivery Period.

 

27

 

 

7.Payment of Expenses.

 

7.1. Company Expenses. The Company hereby agrees to pay on the Closing Date all expenses incident to the performance of the obligations of the Company under this Agreement including, but not limited to: (a) all filing fees and expenses relating to the registration of the Units with the Commission; (b) all filing fees and expenses associated with the review of the offering of the Units by FINRA; (c) all fees and expenses relating to the listing of the Shares and the tradable Class C Warrants and the tradable Class D Warrants on the Exchange (to the extent relevant) or on such other stock exchanges as the Company and the Underwriter together determine; (d) all fees, expenses and disbursements relating to the registration or qualification of the Units under the “blue sky” securities laws of such states and other jurisdictions as the Underwriter may reasonably designate (including, without limitation, all filing and registration fees, and the reasonable fees and disbursements of the Company’s “blue sky” counsel, which will be Underwriter’s counsel) unless such filings are not required in connection with the Company’s proposed Exchange listing; (e) all fees, expenses and disbursements relating to the registration, qualification or exemption of the Securities under the securities laws of such foreign jurisdictions as the Underwriter may reasonably designate; (f) the costs of all mailing and printing of the underwriting documents, the Registration Statement, Pricing Disclosure Package, the Final Prospectus, any Preliminary Prospectus, any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus or any Testing-the-Waters Communication and all amendments, supplements and exhibits thereto as the Underwriter may reasonably deem necessary; (g) the costs of preparing, printing and delivering certificates representing the Shares; (h) fees and expenses of the transfer agent for the Shares; (i) transfer and/or stamp taxes, if any, payable upon the transfer of securities from the Company to the Underwriter; (j) the fees and expenses of the Company’s accountants; and (k) reasonable legal fees and disbursements for the Underwriter’s counsel. The total amount payable by the Company to the Underwriter pursuant to (k) shall not exceed $170,000. The Underwriter may deduct from the net proceeds of the Offering payable to the Company on the Closing Date the expenses set forth herein to be paid by the Company to the Underwriter. Except as provided for in this Agreement, the Underwriter shall bear the costs and expenses incurred by them in connection with the sale of the Units and the transactions contemplated thereby.

 

7.2. Non-accountable Expenses. On the Closing Date, the Company shall pay to the Underwriter, by deduction from the net proceeds of the Offering a non-accountable expense allowance equal to $75,000; provided, however, that in the event that the Offering is terminated, the Company agrees to reimburse the Underwriter pursuant to Section 12 hereof.

 

7.3. Underwriter Expenses. Except to the extent otherwise provided in this Section 7 or Section 9 hereof, the Underwriter will pay all of its own costs and expenses, including the fees and expenses of their counsel, any stock transfer taxes on resale of any of the Shares held by them, and any advertising expenses connected with any offers they may make.

 

7.4. Company Reimbursement. The provisions of this Section 7 shall not affect any agreement that the Company may make for the sharing of such costs and expenses.

 

28

 

 

8.Conditions of the Obligations of the Underwriter. The obligations of the Underwriter to purchase the Closing Units as provided herein on the Closing Date or the Option Securities as provided herein on any Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, shall be subject to the timely performance by the Company of its covenants and other obligations hereunder, and to each of the following additional conditions:

 

8.1. Registration Compliance; No Stop Order.

 

8.1.1. The Registration Statement and any post-effective amendment thereto shall have become effective, no stop order suspending the effectiveness of the Registration Statement or any post-effective amendment thereto shall be in effect, and no proceeding for such purpose or pursuant to Section 8A of the Securities Act shall be pending before or threatened by the Commission.

 

8.1.2. The Company shall have filed the Final Prospectus and each Issuer Free Writing Prospectus with the Commission in accordance with and within the time periods prescribed by Section 5.1 hereof.

 

8.1.3. The Company shall have (A) disclosed to the Underwriter all requests by the Commission for additional information relating to the offer and sale of the Units and (B) complied with such requests to the reasonable satisfaction of the Underwriter.

 

8.2. Representations and Warranties. The representations and warranties of the Company contained herein shall be true and correct on the date hereof and on and as of the Closing Date or any Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, and the statements of the Company and its officers made in any certificates delivered pursuant to this Agreement shall be true and correct on and as of the Closing Date or any Additional Closing Date, as the case may be.

 

8.3. Auditor Comfort Letters. On the date of this Agreement and on the Closing Date or any Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, Wolf & Company P.C. shall have furnished to the Underwriter, at the request of the Company, letters, dated the respective dates of delivery thereof and addressed to the Underwriter, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Underwriter, containing statements and information of the type customarily included in accountants’ “comfort letters” to underwriter with respect to the financial statements and certain financial information contained in each of the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Final Prospectus; provided that the letter delivered on the Closing Date or any Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, shall use a “cut-off” date no more than two business days prior to the Closing Date or such Additional Closing Date, as the case may be.

 

8.4. No Material Adverse Change. No event or condition of a type described in Section 2.12 hereof shall have occurred or shall exist, which event or condition is not described in each of the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Final Prospectus (in each case, exclusive of any amendment or supplement thereto), the effect of which in the judgment of the Underwriter makes it impracticable or inadvisable to proceed with the offering, sale or delivery of the Units on the Closing Date or any Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, in the manner and on the terms contemplated by this Agreement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Final Prospectus (in each case, exclusive of any amendment or supplement thereto).

 

8.5. Opinion and Negative Assurance Letter of Counsel to the Company. U.S. Company Counsel shall each have furnished to the Underwriter, at the request of the Company, its (i) written opinion, addressed to the Underwriter and dated the Closing Date or any Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, and (ii) negative assurance letter, addressed to the Underwriter and dated the Closing Date or any Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, in each case, in a form reasonably satisfactory to the Underwriter.

 

29

 

 

8.6. Officer’s Certificate. The Underwriter shall have received as of the Closing Date or any Additional Closing Date on the date of this Agreement, a certificate from the Company’s CFO in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Underwriter, containing statements and information confirming that the financial statements and certain financial information contained in the Registration Statement is consistent with the Company’s records and does not contain any material misstatements or omissions and shall have received as of the Closing Date or any Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, a certificate of an executive officer of the Company who has specific knowledge of the Company’s financial matters and is satisfactory to the Underwriter, (i) confirming that such officer has carefully reviewed the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package, the Final Prospectus, each Issuer Free Writing Prospectus and each Written Testing-the-Waters Communication and, to the knowledge of such officer, the representations set forth in Sections 2.1.2, 2.2, 2.3.1, 2.4.1, 2.5.1, 2.6 and 2.8, hereof are true and correct on and as of the Closing Date or any Additional Closing Date, as the case may be; (ii) to the effect set forth in clause (i) of Section 2.10 and Section 8.1 hereof; and (iii) confirming that all of the other representations and warranties of the Company in this Agreement are true and correct on and as of the Closing Date or any Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, and that the Company has complied with all agreements and covenants and satisfied all other conditions on its part to be performed or satisfied hereunder at or prior to the Closing Date or any Additional Closing Date, as the case may be.

 

8.7. No Legal Impediment to Issuance and Sale. No action shall have been taken and no statute, rule, regulation or order shall have been enacted, adopted or issued by any federal, state or foreign governmental or regulatory authority that would, as of the Closing Date or any Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, prevent the issuance, sale or delivery of the Closing Units or the Option Securities by the Company; and no injunction or order of any federal, state or foreign court shall have been issued that would, as of the Closing Date or any Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, prevent the issuance, sale or delivery of the Closing Units or the Option Securities.

 

8.8. Good Standing. The Underwriter shall have received on and as of the Closing Date and any Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, satisfactory evidence of the good standing of the Company in its jurisdiction of incorporation, in writing from the appropriate governmental authorities of such jurisdiction.

 

8.9. Lock-Up Agreements. The Lock-Up Agreements substantially in the form of Exhibit 8.9 hereto executed by the officers, directors and certain stockholders of the Company relating to sales and certain other dispositions of shares of Common Stock or certain other securities, delivered to the Underwriter on or before the date hereof, shall be in full force and effect on the Closing Date or any Additional Closing Date, as the case may be.

 

30

 

 

8.10. Exchange Listing. On the Closing Date or any Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, the Shares and the tradable Class C Warrants and the tradable Class D Warrants shall have been approved for listing on the Exchange, subject to notice of issuance.

 

8.11. Consent to Shareholder Approval. On or before the date of this Agreement, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer shall have delivered to the Underwriter executed copies of an irrevocable consent to seek and vote his shares in favor of those corporate actions in Section 5.8.

 

8.12. Additional Documents. On or prior to the Closing Date or any Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, the Underwriter and its counsel shall have received such information, certificates and other additional documents from the Company as they may reasonably require for the purpose of enabling them to pass upon the issuance and sale of the Units as contemplated herein or in order to evidence the accuracy of any of the representations and warranties, or the satisfaction of any of the covenants, closing conditions or other obligations, contained in this Agreement.

 

All opinions, letters, certificates and other documents delivered pursuant to this Agreement will be deemed to be in compliance with the provisions hereof only if they are reasonably satisfactory in form and substance to counsel for the Underwriter.

 

If any condition specified in this Section 8 is not satisfied when and as required to be satisfied, this Agreement and all obligations of the Underwriter hereunder may be terminated by the Underwriter by notice to the Company at any time on or prior to the Closing Date or any Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, which termination shall be without liability on the part of any party to any other party, except that the Company shall continue to be liable for the payment of expenses under Section 7 and Section 12 hereof and except that the provisions of Section 9 and Section 10 hereof shall at all times be effective and shall survive any such termination.

 

9.Indemnification.

 

9.1. Indemnification of the Underwriter by the Company. The Company agrees to indemnify and hold harmless the Underwriter, its Affiliates, directors, officers, employees and agents and each person, if any, who controls the Underwriter within the meaning of Section 15 of the Securities Act or Section 20 of the Exchange Act from and against any and all losses, claims, damages and liabilities (including, without limitation, all reasonable legal fees and other expenses incurred in connection with any suit, action or proceeding or any claim asserted, as such fees and expenses are incurred), joint or several, that arise out of or are based upon (i) any untrue statement or alleged untrue statement of a material fact contained in the Registration Statement (or any amendment or supplement thereto), or the omission or alleged omission therefrom of a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary in order to make the statements therein not misleading, or (ii) any untrue statement or alleged untrue statement of a material fact contained in any Pricing Disclosure Package (including any Pricing Disclosure Package that has subsequently been amended), the Final Prospectus (or any amendment or supplement thereto), any Preliminary Prospectus, any Issuer Information, any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus, any Written Testing-the-Waters Communication or any Road Show, or the omission or alleged omission therefrom of a material fact necessary in order to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading, in each case, except insofar as such losses, claims, damages or liabilities arise out of, or are based upon, any untrue statement or omission or alleged untrue statement or omission made in reliance upon and in conformity with the Underwriter Information. The indemnity agreement set forth in this Section 9.1 shall be in addition to any liabilities that the Company may otherwise have.

 

31

 

 

9.2. Indemnification of the Company by the Underwriter. The Underwriter agrees to indemnify and hold harmless the Company, its directors, each officer who signed the Registration Statement and each person, if any, who controls the Company within the meaning of Section 15 of the Securities Act or Section 20 of the Exchange Act from and against any and all losses, claims, damages and liabilities (including, without limitation, all reasonable legal fees and other expenses incurred in connection with any suit, action or proceeding or any claim asserted, as such fees and expenses are incurred), joint or several, to the same extent as the indemnity set forth in Section 9.1 hereof; provided, however, that the Underwriter shall be liable only to the extent that any untrue statement or omission or alleged untrue statement or omission was made in the Registration Statement (or any amendment or supplement thereto), any Pricing Disclosure Package (including any Pricing Disclosure Package that has subsequently been amended), the Final Prospectus (or any amendment or supplement thereto), any Preliminary Prospectus, any Issuer Information, any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus, any Written Testing-the-Waters Communication or any Road Show in reliance upon, and in conformity with, the Underwriter Information relating to the Underwriter. The indemnity agreement set forth in this Section 9 shall be in addition to any liabilities that the Underwriter may otherwise have.

 

9.3. Notifications and Other Indemnification Procedures. If any suit, action, proceeding (including any governmental or regulatory investigation), claim or demand shall be brought or asserted against any person in respect of which indemnification may be sought pursuant to any of the preceding subsections of this Section 9, such person (the “Indemnified Person”) shall promptly notify the person against whom such indemnification may be sought (the “Indemnifying Person”) in writing; provided that the failure to notify the Indemnifying Person shall not relieve it from any liability that it may have under any of the preceding subsections of this Section 9 except to the extent that it has been materially prejudiced by such failure; and provided, further, that the failure to notify the Indemnifying Person shall not relieve it from any liability that it may have to an Indemnified Person otherwise than under any of the preceding subsections of this Section 9. If any such proceeding shall be brought or asserted against an Indemnified Person and it shall have notified the Indemnifying Person thereof, the Indemnifying Person shall retain counsel reasonably satisfactory to the Indemnified Person (who shall not, without the consent of the Indemnified Person, be counsel to the Indemnifying Person) to represent the Indemnified Person in such proceeding and shall pay the reasonable and documented fees and expenses of such counsel related to such proceeding, as incurred. In any such proceeding, any Indemnified Person shall have the right to retain its own counsel, but the fees and expenses of such counsel shall be at the expense of such Indemnified Person unless (i) the Indemnifying Person and the Indemnified Person shall have mutually agreed to the contrary; (ii) the Indemnifying Person has failed within a reasonable time to retain counsel reasonably satisfactory to the Indemnified Person; (iii) the Indemnified Person shall have reasonably concluded that there may be legal defenses available to it that are different from or in addition to those available to the Indemnifying Person; or (iv) the named parties in any such proceeding (including any impleaded parties) include both the Indemnifying Person and the Indemnified Person and representation of both parties by the same counsel would be inappropriate due to actual or potential differing interest between them. It is understood and agreed that the Indemnifying Person shall not, in connection with any proceeding or related proceedings in the same jurisdiction, be liable for the fees and expenses of more than one separate firm (in addition to any local counsel) for all Indemnified Persons, and that all such fees and expenses shall be paid or reimbursed as they are incurred. Any such separate firm for (i) the Underwriter, its Affiliates, directors, officers, employees and agents and each person, if any, who controls the Underwriter within the meaning of Section 15 of the Securities Act or Section 20 of the Exchange Act shall be designated in writing by the Underwriter; and (ii) the Company, its directors, its officers who signed the Registration Statement and each person, if any, who controls the Company within the meaning of Section 15 of the Securities Act or Section 20 of the Exchange Act shall be designated in writing by the Company.

 

32

 

 

9.4. Settlements. The Indemnifying Person under this Section 9 shall not be liable for any settlement of any proceeding effected without its written consent, which consent may not be unreasonably withheld, but if settled with such consent or if there be a final judgment for the plaintiff, the Indemnifying Person agrees to indemnify the Indemnified Person from and against any loss, claim, damage, liability or expense by reason of such settlement or judgment. Notwithstanding the foregoing sentence, if at any time an Indemnified Person shall have requested an Indemnifying Person to reimburse the Indemnified Person for any reasonably incurred and documented fees and expenses of counsel as contemplated by this Section 9, the Indemnifying Person agrees that it shall be liable for any settlement of any proceeding effected without its written consent if (i) such settlement is entered into more than forty-five (45) days after receipt by such Indemnifying Person of the aforesaid request, (ii) such Indemnifying Person shall not have reimbursed the Indemnified Person in accordance with such request, or shall not have disputed in good faith the Indemnified Person’s entitlement to such reimbursement, prior to the date of such settlement and (iii) such Indemnified Person shall have given the Indemnifying Person at least forty-five (45) days’ prior notice of its intention to settle. No Indemnifying Person shall, without the prior written consent of the Indemnified Person effect any settlement, compromise or consent to the entry of judgment in any pending or threatened action, suit or proceeding in respect of which any Indemnified Person is or could have been a party and indemnity was or could have been sought hereunder by such Indemnified Person, unless such settlement, compromise or consent (x) includes an unconditional release of such Indemnified Person, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to such Indemnified Person, from and against all liability on claims that are the subject matter of such action, suit or proceeding and (y) does not include any statements as to or any findings of fault, culpability or failure to act by or on behalf of any Indemnified Person.

 

10.Contribution.

 

10.1. To the extent the indemnification provided for in Section 9 hereof is unavailable to or insufficient to hold harmless an Indemnified Person in respect of any losses, claims, damages, liabilities or expenses referred to therein, then each Indemnifying Person, in lieu of indemnifying such Indemnified Person thereunder, shall contribute to the aggregate amount paid or payable by such Indemnified Person, as incurred, as a result of any losses, claims, damages, liabilities or expenses referred to therein (i) in such proportion as is appropriate to reflect the relative benefits received by the Company, on the one hand, and the Underwriter, on the other hand, from the offering of the Units pursuant to this Agreement or (ii) if the allocation provided by clause (i) above is not permitted by applicable law, in such proportion as is appropriate to reflect not only the relative benefits referred to in clause (i) above but also the relative fault of the Company, on the one hand, and the Underwriter, on the other hand, in connection with the statements or omissions that resulted in such losses, claims, damages, liabilities or expenses, as well as any other relevant equitable considerations. The relative benefits received by the Company, on the one hand, and the Underwriter, on the other hand, in connection with the offering of the Units pursuant to this Agreement shall be deemed to be in the same respective proportions as the total net proceeds from the offering of the Units pursuant to this Agreement (before deducting expenses) received by the Company, on the one hand, and the total underwriting discounts and commissions received by the Underwriter, on the other hand, in each case as set forth in the table on the cover of the Final Prospectus bear to the aggregate initial offering price of the Units. The relative fault of the Company, on the one hand, and the Underwriter, on the other hand, shall be determined by reference to, among other things, whether the untrue or alleged untrue statement of a material fact or omission or alleged omission to state a material fact relates to information supplied by the Company, on the one hand, or the Underwriter, on the other hand, and the parties’ relative intent, knowledge, access to information and opportunity to correct or prevent such statement or omission.

 

33

 

 

10.2. The amount paid or payable by a party as a result of the losses, claims, damages, liabilities and expenses referred to above shall be deemed to include, subject to the limitations set forth in Section 9 hereof, all reasonable legal or other fees or expenses incurred by such party in connection with investigating or defending any action or claim. The provisions set forth in Section 9 hereof with respect to notice of commencement of any action shall apply if a claim for contribution is to be made under this Section 10; provided, however, that no additional notice shall be required with respect to any action for which notice has been given under Section 9 hereof for purposes of indemnification.

 

10.3. The Company and the Underwriter agree that it would not be just and equitable if contribution pursuant to this Section 10 was determined by pro rata allocation or by any other method of allocation which does not take account of the equitable considerations referred to in this Section 10.

 

10.4. Notwithstanding the provisions of this Section 10, the Underwriter shall not be required to contribute any amount in excess of the amount by which the total discounts and commissions received by the Underwriter in connection with the Units distributed by it exceeds the amount of any damages the Underwriter has otherwise paid or become liable to pay by reason of any untrue or alleged untrue statement or omission or alleged omission. No person guilty of fraudulent misrepresentation (within the meaning of Section 11 of the Securities Act) shall be entitled to contribution from any person who was not guilty of such fraudulent misrepresentation.

 

10.5. For purposes of this Section 10, each director, officer, employee and agent of the Underwriter and each person, if any, who controls the Underwriter within the meaning of Section 15 of the Securities Act or Section 20 of the Exchange Act shall have the same rights to contribution as the Underwriter, and each director and officer of the Company who signed the Registration Statement, and each person, if any, who controls the Company with the meaning of Section 15 of the Securities Act or Section 20 of the Exchange Act, shall have the same rights to contribution as the Company.

 

10.6. The remedies provided for in Section 9 and Section 10 hereof are not exclusive and shall not limit any rights or remedies which may otherwise be available to any Indemnified Person at law or in equity.

 

34

 

 

11.Termination.

 

11.1. Prior to the delivery of and payment for the Units on the Closing Date or any Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, this Agreement may be terminated by the Underwriter in the absolute discretion of the Underwriter by notice given to the Company if after the execution and delivery of this Agreement: (i) trading or quotation of any securities issued or guaranteed by the Company shall have been suspended or materially limited on any securities exchange, quotation system or in the over-the-counter market; (ii) trading in securities generally on any of the New York Stock Exchange, the Nasdaq Stock Exchange or the over-the-counter market shall have been suspended or materially limited; (iii) a general banking moratorium on commercial banking activities shall have been declared by federal or New York state authorities; (iv) there shall have occurred a material disruption in commercial banking or securities settlement, payment or clearance services in the United States; (v) there shall have occurred any outbreak or escalation of national or international hostilities or any crisis or calamity, or any change in the United States or international financial markets, or any substantial change or development involving a prospective substantial change in general economic, financial or political conditions in the United States or internationally, as in the judgment of the Underwriter is material and adverse and makes it impracticable or inadvisable to proceed with the offering, sale or delivery of the Units on the Closing Date or any Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, in the manner and on the terms described in the Pricing Disclosure Package or to enforce contracts for the sale of securities; or (vi) the Company or any of its subsidiaries shall have sustained a loss by strike, fire, flood, earthquake, accident or other calamity of such character as in the judgment of the Underwriter may interfere materially with the conduct of the business and operations of the Company and its subsidiaries, considered as one entity, regardless of whether or not such loss shall have been insured.

 

11.2. Any termination pursuant to this Section 11 shall be without liability on the part of: (x) the Company to the Underwriter, except that the Company shall continue to be liable for the payment of expenses under Section 7; (y) the Underwriter to the Company; or (z) any party hereto to any other party except that the provisions of Section 9, Section 10 and this Section 11 hereof shall at all times be effective and shall survive any such termination.

 

12.Reimbursement of the Underwriter’s Expenses. If (a) the Company fails to deliver the Units to the Underwriter for any reason at the Closing Date or any Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, in accordance with this Agreement or (b) the Underwriter declines to purchase the Units for any reason permitted under this Agreement, then the Company agrees to reimburse the Underwriter for all reasonable out-of-pocket costs and expenses (including the reasonable and documented fees and expenses of counsel to the Underwriter) incurred by the Underwriter in connection with this Agreement and the applicable offering contemplated hereby.

 

13.Representations and Indemnities to Survive Delivery. The respective indemnities, rights of contribution, agreements, representations, warranties and other statements of the Company and the Underwriter set forth in or made pursuant to this Agreement or made by or on behalf of the Company or the Underwriter pursuant to this Agreement or any certificate delivered pursuant hereto shall remain in full force and effect, regardless of any investigation made by or on behalf of the Underwriter, the Company or any of their respective officers or directors or any controlling person, as the case may be, and shall survive delivery of and payment for the Units sold hereunder and any termination of this Agreement.

 

35

 

 

14.Notices. All notices, requests, consents, claims, demands, waivers and other communications under this Agreement shall be in writing and shall be deemed to have been duly given (i) when delivered by hand (with written confirmation of receipt), (ii) when received by the addressee if sent by a nationally recognized overnight courier (receipt requested), (iii) on the date sent by facsimile (with confirmation of transmission) or email of a PDF document if sent during normal business hours of the recipient, and on the next Business Day if sent after normal business hours of the recipient, or (iv) on the third day after the date mailed, by certified or registered mail (in each case, return receipt requested, postage pre-paid). Such communications must be sent to the respective parties at the following addresses (or at such other address for a party as shall be specified in a notice given in accordance with this Section 14):

 

If to the Underwriter:   Aegis Capital Corp.
    1345 Avenue of the Americas, 27th Floor New York, NY 10105
    Email: reide@aegiscap.com
    Attention: Robert Eide
   
with a copy to:   Kaufman & Canoles, P.C.
    Two James Center, 14th Floor, 1021 E. Cary St., Richmond, VA 23219
    Email: awbasch@kaufcan.com 
    Attention: Anthony Basch                                                                 
 
If to the Company:   Bluejay Diagnostics, Inc.
    360 Massachusetts Avenue, Suite 203
    Acton, MA 01720
    Email: Neil.Dey@bluejaydx.com
    Attention: Neil Dey
     
with copy to:   Hogan Lovells US LLP
    Columbia Square
    555 Thirteenth Street, NW
    Washington, D.C. 20004
    Email: brian.ofahey@hoganlovells.com
    Attention: Brian C. O’Fahey

 

Any party hereto may change the address or facsimile number for receipt of communications by giving written notice to the others in accordance with this Section 14.

 

15.Successors. This Agreement shall inure solely to the benefit of and be binding upon the Underwriter, the Company and the other indemnified parties referred to in Section 9 and Section 10 hereof, and in each case their respective successors. Nothing in this Agreement is intended, or shall be construed, to give any other person or entity any legal or equitable right, benefit, remedy or claim under, or in respect of or by virtue of, this Agreement or any provision contained herein. The term “successors,” as used herein, shall not include any purchaser of the Units from the Underwriter merely by reason of such purchase.

 

16.Partial Unenforceability. The invalidity or unenforceability of any Section, paragraph or provision of this Agreement shall not affect the validity or enforceability of any other Section, paragraph or provision hereof. If any Section, paragraph or provision of this Agreement is for any reason determined to be invalid or unenforceable, there shall be deemed to be made such minor changes (and only such minor changes) as are necessary to make it valid and enforceable.

 

36

 

 

17.Governing Law. This Agreement and any claim, controversy or dispute arising under or related to this Agreement, whether sounding in contract, tort or statute, shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the internal laws of the State of New York applicable to agreements made and to be performed in such state (including its statute of limitations), without giving effect to the conflict of laws provisions thereof to the extent such principles or rules would require or permit the application of the laws of any jurisdiction other than those of the State of New York. The Company has irrevocably appointed The Corporation Trust Company, as its agent to receive service of process or other legal summons for purposes of any such suit, action or proceeding that may be instituted in any state or federal court in the Borough of Manhattan in the City of New York, United States of America.

 

18.Consent to Jurisdiction. No legal suit, action or proceeding arising out of or relating to this Agreement or the transactions contemplated hereby (each, a “Related Proceeding”) may be commenced, prosecuted or continued in any court other than the courts of the State of New York located in the City and County of New York or in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York, which courts (collectively, the “Specified Courts”) shall have jurisdiction over the adjudication of any Related Proceeding, and the parties to this Agreement hereby irrevocably consent to the exclusive jurisdiction the Specified Courts and personal service of process with respect thereto. The parties to this Agreement hereby irrevocably waive any objection to the laying of venue of any Related Proceeding in the Specified Courts and irrevocably waive and agree not to plead or claim in any Specified Court that any Related Proceeding brought in any Specified Court has been brought in an inconvenient forum.

 

19.Equitable Remedies. Each party to this Agreement acknowledges and agrees that (a) a breach or threatened breach by the Company of any of its obligations under Section 5.10 or Section 5.15 would give rise to irreparable harm to the Underwriter for which monetary damages would not be an adequate remedy and (b) if a breach or a threatened breach by the Company of any such obligations occurs, the Underwriter will, in addition to any and all other rights and remedies that may be available to such party at law, at equity, or otherwise in respect of such breach, be entitled to equitable relief, including a temporary restraining order, an injunction, specific performance of the terms of Section 5.10 or Section 5.15 and any other relief that may be available from a court of competent jurisdiction, without any requirement to (i) post a bond or other security, or (ii) prove actual damages or that monetary damages will not afford an adequate remedy. Each party to this Agreement agrees that such party shall not oppose or otherwise challenge the existence of irreparable harm, the appropriateness of equitable relief or the entry by a court of competent jurisdiction of an order granting equitable relief, in either case, consistent with the terms of this Section 19.

 

20.Waiver of Jury Trial. The parties to this Agreement hereby irrevocably waive, to the fullest extent permitted by applicable law, any and all right to trial by jury in any Related Proceeding.

 

21.No Fiduciary Relationship. The Company acknowledges and agrees that: (i) the purchase and sale of the Units pursuant to this Agreement, including the determination of the offering price of the Units and any related discounts and commissions, is an arm’s-length commercial transaction between the Company, on the one hand, and the Underwriter, on the other hand; (ii) in connection with each transaction contemplated hereby and the process leading to such transaction the Underwriter is and has been acting solely as a principal and is not the agent or fiduciary of the Company or its Affiliates, stockholders, members, partners, creditors or employees or any other party; (iii) the Underwriter has not assumed and will not assume an advisory or fiduciary responsibility in favor of the Company with respect to any of the transactions contemplated hereby or the process leading thereto (irrespective of whether the Underwriter has advised or is currently advising the Company on other matters) or any other obligation to the Company except the obligations expressly set forth in this Agreement; (iv) the Underwriter and its respective Affiliates may be engaged in a broad range of transactions that involve interests that differ from those of the Company, and the Underwriter has no obligation to disclose any of such interests by virtue of any fiduciary or advisory relationship; and (v) the Underwriter has not provided any legal, accounting, regulatory or tax advice in any jurisdiction with respect to the offering contemplated hereby, and the Company has consulted its own legal, accounting, regulatory and tax advisors to the extent they deemed appropriate. The Company waives and releases, to the full extent permitted by applicable law, any claims it may have against the Underwriter arising from an alleged breach of fiduciary duty in connection with the offering of the Units or any matters leading up to the offering of the Units.

 

37

 

 

22.Compliance with the USA Patriot Act. In accordance with the requirements of the USA Patriot Act (Title III of Pub. L. 107-56 (signed into law October 26, 2001)), the Underwriter is required to obtain, verify and record information that identifies their respective clients, including the Company, which information may include the name and address of its clients, as well as other information that will allow the Underwriter to properly identify their respective clients.

 

23.Entire Agreement. This Agreement, together with any contemporaneous written agreements and any prior written agreements (to the extent not superseded by this Agreement) that relate to the offering of the Units, represents the entire agreement among the Company and the Underwriter with respect to the preparation of the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package, the Final Prospectus, each Preliminary Prospectus, each Issuer Free Writing Prospectus, each Testing-the-Waters Communication and each Road Show, the purchase and sale of the Units and the conduct of the offering contemplated hereby.

 

24.Amendments or Waivers. No amendment or waiver of any provision of this Agreement, nor any consent or approval to any departure therefrom, shall in any event be effective unless the same shall be in writing and signed by all the parties hereto. No waiver by any party shall operate or be construed as a waiver in respect of any failure, breach or default not expressly identified by such written waiver, whether of a similar or different character, and whether occurring before or after the waiver. No failure to exercise, or delay in exercising, any right, remedy, power or privilege arising from this Agreement shall operate or be construed as a waiver thereof; nor shall any single or partial exercise of any right, remedy, power or privilege hereunder preclude any other or further exercise of any other right, remedy, power or privilege.

 

25.Section Headings. The headings herein are included for convenience of reference only and are not intended to be part of, or to affect the meaning or interpretation of, this Agreement.

 

26.Counterparts. This Agreement may be executed in counterparts, each of which will be deemed an original, but all of which together will be deemed to be one and the same agreement. Counterparts may be delivered via facsimile, email (including PDF or any electronic signature complying with the U.S. federal ESIGN Act of 2000) or other transmission method, and any counterpart so delivered will be deemed to have been duly and validly delivered and be valid and effective for all purposes.

 

27.Recognition of the U.S. Special Resolution Regimes.

 

27.1. In the event that the Underwriter is a Covered Entity (as defined below) becomes subject to a proceeding under a U.S. Special Resolution Regime, the transfer from the Underwriter of this Agreement, and any interest and obligation in or under this Agreement, will be effective to the same extent as the transfer would be effective under the U.S. Special Resolution Regime (as defined below) if this Agreement, and any such interest and obligation, were governed by the laws of the United States or a state of the United States.

 

38

 

 

27.2. In the event that the Underwriter is a Covered Entity or a BHC Act Affiliate (as defined below) of the Underwriter becomes subject to a proceeding under a U.S. Special Resolution Regime, Default Rights (as defined below) under this Agreement that may be exercised against the Underwriter is permitted to be exercised to no greater extent than such Default Rights could be exercised under the U.S. Special Resolution Regime if this Agreement were governed by the laws of the United States or a state of the United States.

 

27.3. As used in this section:

 

27.3.1. “BHC Act Affiliate” has the meaning assigned to the term “affiliate” in, and shall be interpreted in accordance with, 12 U.S.C. § 1841(k).

 

27.3.2. “Covered Entity” means any of the following:

 

27.3.2.1 a “covered entity” as that term is defined in, and interpreted in accordance with, 12 C.F.R. § 252.82(b);

 

27.3.2.2 a “covered bank” as that term is defined in, and interpreted in accordance with, 12 C.F.R. § 47.3(b); or

 

27.3.2.3 a “covered FSI” as that term is defined in, and interpreted in accordance with, 12 C.F.R. § 382.2(b).

 

27.3.3. “Default Right” has the meaning assigned to that term in, and shall be interpreted in accordance with, 12 C.F.R. §§ 252.81, 47.2 or 382.1, as applicable.

 

27.3.4. “U.S. Special Resolution Regime” means each of (i) the Federal Deposit Insurance Act and the regulations promulgated thereunder and (ii) Title II of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act and the regulations promulgated thereunder.

 

[BJDX Underwriting Agreement Signature Page Follows]

 

39

 

 

[BJDX Underwriting Agreement Signature Page]

 

If the foregoing is in accordance with your understanding, please indicate your acceptance of this Agreement by signing in the space provided below.

 

  Very truly yours,
  Bluejay Diagnostics, Inc.
     
  By:  
  Name:  Neil Dey
  Title: Chief Executive Officer

 

Confirmed and accepted as of the date first above written:

 

AEGIS CAPITAL CORP.  
     
By:    
Name:  Robert Eide  
Title: Chief Executive Officer  

 

40

 

 

SCHEDULE 1.14

 

Pricing Disclosure Package

 

Number of Closing Shares:    
● Number of Units containing Firm Shares    
● Number of Units containing Pre-funded Warrants    
Number of Option Shares:    
Number of Option Pre-funded Warrants:    
Number of Option Class C Warrants:    
Number of Option Class D Warrants:    
Public Offering Price per Common Unit: $  
Public Offering Price per Pre-funded Unit: $  
Exercise Price per Pre-Funded Warrant: $  
Exercise Price per Class C Warrant per whole share: $  
Exercise Price per Class D Warrant per whole share: $  
Underwriting Discount per Common Unit and per Pre-funded Unit: $  
Non-accountable expense allowance per Common Unit and per Pre-funded Unit: $  
Purchase Price per Option Share: $  
Purchase Price per Option Pre-Funded Warrant: $  
Purchase Price per full Option Class C or Class D Warrant: $  

 

 

 

 

SCHEDULE 2.5.4

 

Free Writing Prospectuses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SCHEDULE 2.43

 

Significant Subsidiaries

 

Significant Subsidiaries   Place of Incorporation
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     

 

 

 

 

SCHEDULE 4.1.2

 

Closing Securities

 

  Number of
Closing
Units to Be
Purchased
  Number of
Option
Securities to Be
Purchased if
the Maximum
Over-Allotment
Option Is
Exercised
Underwriter Aegis Capital Corp.        
Total:        

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EXHIBIT 5.10.3.1

 

Form of Lock-Up Waiver

 

[●], 202[●]

 

[Waiver Recipient Name and Address]

 

Re: Lock-Up Agreement Waiver

 

Ladies and Gentlemen:

 

[Pursuant to Section 8.9 of the Underwriting Agreement, dated [●], 2024 (the “Underwriting Agreement”), among Bluejay Diagnostics, Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “Company”), and Aegis Capital Corp. (the “Underwriter”), and the Lock-Up Agreement, dated [●], 2024 (the “Lock-Up Agreement”), between you and the Underwriter relating to the Company’s shares of Common Stock, $0.0001 par value per share (the “Share”), the Underwriter hereby gives its consent to allow you to sell up to [●] Share [solely from and including [DATE] to and including [DATE]].]

 

[Pursuant to Section 5.10 of the Underwriting Agreement, the Underwriter hereby gives its consent to allow the Company to issue and sell up to [●] Shares pursuant to an offering of the Shares to commence prior to the expiration of the Lock-Up Period as defined in the Underwriting Agreement[, provided that such offering closes on or prior to [●]].]

 

  AEGIS CAPITAL CORP.
     
  By:  
  Name:  Robert Eide
  Title: Chief Executive Officer

 

 

 

 

EXHIBIT 5.10.3.2

 

Form of Lock-Up Waiver Press Release

 

Bluejay Diagnostics, Inc.

 

[Date]

 

Bluejay Diagnostics, Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “Company”) announced today that Aegis Capital Corp., acting as the Underwriter in the Company’s recent public offering of the Company’s Units consisting of one (1) share of Common Stock; and two (2) Class C warrants each to purchase one (1) share of Common Stock at a per-Share exercise price of $[●] (representing [●]% of the per Closing Common Unit (as defined below) offering price attributed to the value of the shares of Common Stock included in the Closing Common Unit; and one (1) Class D warrant to purchase such number of shares of Common Stock as determined on the Reset Date (as defined in the Class D Warrant), and in accordance with the terms therein, is [waiving] [releasing] a lock-up restriction with respect to the Company’s shares of Common Stock held by [certain officers or directors] [an officer or director] of the Company. The [waiver] [release] will take effect on [Date], and the Shares may be sold on or after such date.

 

This press release is not an offer or sale of the securities in the United States or in any other jurisdiction where such offer or sale is prohibited, and such securities may not be offered or sold in the United States absent registration or an exemption from registration under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.

 

 

 

 

EXHIBIT 8.9

 

Form of Lock-Up Agreement

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exhibit 4.11

 

PRE-FUNDED WARRANT TO PURCHASE COMMON STOCK

 

BLUEJAY DIAGNOSTICS, INC.

 

Warrant Shares: [●]

Initial Exercise Date: [●], 2024
  Issue Date: [●], 2024

 

THIS PRE-FUNDED WARRANT TO PURCHASE COMMON STOCK (the “Warrant”) certifies that, for value received, [●] or its assigns (the “Holder”) is entitled, upon the terms and subject to the limitations on exercise and the conditions hereinafter set forth, at any time until this Warrant is exercised in full (the “Termination Date”) but not thereafter, to subscribe for and purchase from Bluejay Diagnostics, Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “Company”), up to [●] shares (as subject to adjustment hereunder, the “Warrant Shares”) of Common Stock. The purchase price of one (1) share of Common Stock under this Warrant shall be equal to the Exercise Price, as defined in Section 2.2.

 

1.Definitions. In addition to the terms defined elsewhere in this Warrant or in the Underwriting Agreement dated [●], 2024, the following terms have the meanings indicated in this Section 1:

 

1.1. “Affiliate” means any Person that, directly or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, controls or is controlled by or is under common control with a Person, as such terms are used in and construed under Rule 405 under the Securities Act.

 

1.2. “Bid Price” means, for any date, the price determined by the first of the following clauses that applies: (a) if the Common Stock is then listed or quoted on a Trading Market, the bid price of the Common Stock for the time in question (or the nearest preceding date) on the Trading Market on which the Common Stock is then listed or quoted as reported by Bloomberg L.P. (based on a Trading Day from 9:30 a.m. (New York City time) to 4:00 p.m. (New York City time)), (b) if OTCQB or OTCQX is not a Trading Market, the volume weighted average price of the Common Stock for such date (or the nearest preceding date) on OTCQB or OTCQX as applicable, (c) if the Common Stock is not then listed or quoted for trading on OTCQB or OTCQX and if prices for the Common Stock are then reported on the Pink Open Market (or a similar organization or agency succeeding to its functions of reporting prices), the most recent bid price per share of Common Stock so reported, or (d) in all other cases, the fair market value of a share of Common Stock as determined by an independent appraiser selected in good faith by the Holders of a majority in interest of the Warrants then outstanding and reasonably acceptable to the Company, the fees and expenses of which shall be paid by the Company.

 

1.3. “Board of Directors” means the board of directors of the Company.

 

1.4. “Business Day” means any day other than Saturday, Sunday or other day on which commercial banks in The City of New York are authorized or required by law to remain closed; provided, however, for clarification, commercial banks shall not be deemed to be authorized or required by law to remain closed due to “stay at home”, “shelter-in-place”, “non-essential employee” or any other similar orders or restrictions or the closure of any physical branch locations at the direction of any governmental authority so long as the electronic funds transfer systems (including for wire transfers) of commercial banks in The City of New York generally are open for use by customers on such day.

 

 

 

1.5. “Commission” means the United States Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

1.6. “Common Stock” means the common stock of the Company, $0.0001 par value per share, and any other class of securities into which such securities may hereafter be reclassified or changed.

 

1.7. “Common Stock Equivalents” means any securities of the Company or the Subsidiaries which would entitle the holder thereof to acquire at any time Common Stock, including, without limitation, any debt, preferred stock, right, option, warrant or other instrument that is at any time convertible into or exercisable or exchangeable for, or otherwise entitles the holder thereof to receive, Common Stock.

 

1.8. “Exchange Act” means the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder.

 

1.9. “Person” means an individual or corporation, partnership, trust, incorporated or unincorporated association, joint venture, limited liability company, joint stock company, government (or an agency or subdivision thereof) or other entity of any kind.

 

1.10. “Registration Statement” means the Company’s registration statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-[●]).

 

1.11. “Securities Act” means the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder.

 

1.12. “Subsidiary” means any subsidiary of the Company and shall, where applicable, also include any direct or indirect subsidiary of the Company formed or acquired after the date hereof.

 

1.13. “Trading Day” means a day on which the Common Stock is traded on a Trading Market.

 

1.14. “Trading Market” means any of the following markets or exchanges on which the Common Stock is listed or quoted for trading on the date in question: the NYSE American, the Nasdaq Capital Market, the Nasdaq Global Market, the Nasdaq Global Select Market, the New York Stock Exchange, OTCQB or OTCQX (or any successors to any of the foregoing).

 

1.15. “Transfer Agent” means Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company, the current transfer agent of the Company, with a mailing address of 1 State Street, 30th Floor, New York, New York 10004 and an email address of cstmail@continentalstock.com, and any successor transfer agent of the Company.

 

2

 

 

1.16. “Underwriting Agreement” means the underwriting agreement, dated as of [●], 2024, between the Company and Aegis Capital Corp., as amended, modified or supplemented from time to time in accordance with its terms.

 

1.17. “VWAP” means, for any date, the price determined by the first of the following clauses that applies: (a) if the Common Stock is then listed or quoted on a Trading Market, the daily volume weighted average price of the Common Stock for such date (or the nearest preceding date) on the Trading Market on which the Common Stock is then listed or quoted as reported by Bloomberg L.P. (based on a Trading Day from 9:30 a.m. (New York City time) to 4:00 p.m. (New York City time)), (b) if OTCQB or OTCQX is not a Trading Market, the volume weighted average price of the Common Stock for such date (or the nearest preceding date) on OTCQB or OTCQX as applicable, (c) if the Common Stock is not then listed or quoted for trading on OTCQB or OTCQX and if prices for the Common Stock are then reported on the Pink Open Market (or a similar organization or agency succeeding to its functions of reporting prices), the most recent bid price per share of Common Stock so reported, or (d) in all other cases, the fair market value of a share of Common Stock as determined by an independent appraiser selected in good faith by the holders of a majority in interest of the Warrants then outstanding and reasonably acceptable to the Company, the fees and expenses of which shall be paid by the Company.

 

1.18. “Warrants” means this Warrant and other Common Stock purchase warrants issued by the Company pursuant to the Registration Statement.

 

2.Exercise.

 

2.1. Exercise of Warrant. Exercise of the purchase rights represented by this Warrant may be made, in whole or in part, at any time or times on or after the Initial Exercise Date and on or before the Termination Date by delivery to the Company of a duly executed PDF copy submitted by e-mail (or e-mail attachment) of the Notice of Exercise substantially in the form attached hereto as Exhibit 2.1 (the “Notice of Exercise”). Within the earlier of (i) two (2) Trading Days and (ii) the number of Trading Days comprising the Standard Settlement Period (as defined in Section 2.4.1 herein) following the date of exercise as aforesaid, the Holder shall deliver the aggregate Exercise Price for the Warrant Shares specified in the applicable Notice of Exercise by wire transfer or cashier’s check drawn on a United States bank unless the cashless exercise procedure specified in Section 2.3 below is specified in the applicable Notice of Exercise. No ink-original Notice of Exercise shall be required, nor shall any medallion guarantee (or other type of guarantee or notarization) of any Notice of Exercise be required. Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, the Holder shall not be required to physically surrender this Warrant to the Company until the Holder has purchased all of the Warrant Shares available hereunder and the Warrant has been exercised in full, in which case, the Holder shall surrender this Warrant to the Company for cancellation within three (3) Trading Days of the date on which the final Notice of Exercise is delivered to the Company. Partial exercises of this Warrant resulting in purchases of a portion of the total number of Warrant Shares available hereunder shall have the effect of lowering the outstanding number of Warrant Shares purchasable hereunder in an amount equal to the applicable number of Warrant Shares purchased. The Holder and the Company shall maintain records showing the number of Warrant Shares purchased and the date of such purchases. The Company shall deliver any objection to any Notice of Exercise within one (1) Trading Day of receipt of such notice. The Holder and any assignee, by acceptance of this Warrant, acknowledge and agree that, by reason of the provisions of this paragraph, following the purchase of a portion of the Warrant Shares hereunder, the number of Warrant Shares available for purchase hereunder at any given time may be less than the amount stated on the face hereof.

 

3

 

 

2.2. Exercise Price. The aggregate exercise price of this Warrant, except for a nominal exercise price of $0.0001 per Warrant Share, was pre-funded to the Company on or prior to the Initial Exercise Date and, consequently, no additional consideration (other than the nominal exercise price of $0.0001 per Warrant Share) shall be required to be paid by the Holder to any Person to effect any exercise of this Warrant. The Holder shall not be entitled to the return or refund of all, or any portion, of such pre-paid aggregate exercise price under any circumstance or for any reason whatsoever, including in the event this Warrant shall not have been exercised prior to the Termination Date. The remaining unpaid exercise price per share of Common Stock under this Warrant shall be $0.0001, subject to adjustment hereunder (the “Exercise Price”).

 

2.3. Cashless Exercise. This Warrant may also be exercised, in whole or in part, at such time by means of a “cashless exercise” in which the Holder shall be entitled to receive a number of Warrant Shares equal to the quotient obtained by dividing [(A-B) (X)] by (A), where:

 

(A) =as applicable: (i) the VWAP on the Trading Day immediately preceding the date of the applicable Notice of Exercise if such Notice of Exercise is (1) both executed and delivered pursuant to Section 2.1 hereof on a day that is not a Trading Day or (2) both executed and delivered pursuant to Section 2.1 hereof on a Trading Day prior to the opening of “regular trading hours” (as defined in Rule 600(b) of Regulation NMS promulgated under the federal securities laws) on such Trading Day, (ii) at the option of the Holder, either (y) the VWAP on the Trading Day immediately preceding the date of the applicable Notice of Exercise or (z) the Bid Price of the Common Stock on the principal Trading Market as reported by Bloomberg L.P. as of the time of the Holder’s execution of the applicable Notice of Exercise if such Notice of Exercise is executed during “regular trading hours” on a Trading Day and is delivered within two (2) hours thereafter (including until two (2) hours after the close of “regular trading hours” on a Trading Day) pursuant to Section 2.1 hereof or (iii) the VWAP on the date of the applicable Notice of Exercise if the date of such Notice of Exercise is a Trading Day and such Notice of Exercise is both executed and delivered pursuant to Section 2.1 hereof after the close of “regular trading hours” on such Trading Day;

 

(B) =the Exercise Price of this Warrant, as adjusted hereunder; and

 

(X) =the number of Warrant Shares that would be issuable upon exercise of this Warrant in accordance with the terms of this Warrant if such exercise were by means of a cash exercise rather than a cashless exercise.

 

4

 

 

If Warrant Shares are issued in such a cashless exercise, the parties acknowledge and agree that in accordance with Section 3(a)(9) of the Securities Act, the Warrant Shares shall take on the registered characteristics of the Warrants being exercised, and the holding period of the Warrant Shares being issued may be tacked on to the holding period of this Warrant. Assuming (i) the Holder is not an Affiliate of the Company, and (ii) all of the applicable conditions of Rule 144 promulgated under the Securities Act with respect to Holder and the Warrant Shares are met in the case of such a cashless exercise, the Company agrees that the Company will cause the removal of the legend from such Warrant Shares (including by delivering an opinion of the Company’s counsel to the Company’s transfer agent at its own expense to ensure the foregoing), and the Company agrees that the Holder is under no obligation to sell the Warrant Shares issuable upon the exercise of the Warrant prior to removing the legend. The Company agrees not to take any position contrary to this Section 2.3.

 

2.4. Mechanics of Exercise.

 

2.4.1. Delivery of Warrant Shares upon Exercise. The Company shall cause the Warrant Shares purchased hereunder to be transmitted by the Transfer Agent to the Holder by crediting the account of the Holder’s or its designee’s balance account with The Depository Trust Company through its Deposit or Withdrawal at Custodian system (“DWAC”) if the Company is then a participant in such system and either (A) there is an effective registration statement permitting the issuance of the Warrant Shares to or resale of the Warrant Shares by Holder or (B) the Warrant Shares are eligible for resale by the Holder without volume or manner-of-sale limitations pursuant to Rule 144 (assuming cashless exercise of the Warrants), and otherwise by physical delivery of a certificate, for the number of Warrant Shares to which the Holder is entitled pursuant to such exercise to the address specified by the Holder in the Notice of Exercise by the date that is the earliest of (i) two (2) Trading Days after the delivery to the Company of the Notice of Exercise, (ii) one (1) Trading Day after delivery of the aggregate Exercise Price to the Company and (iii) the number of Trading Days comprising the Standard Settlement Period after the delivery to the Company of the Notice of Exercise (such date, the “Warrant Share Delivery Date”). Upon delivery of the Notice of Exercise, the Holder shall be deemed for all corporate purposes to have become the holder of record of the Warrant Shares with respect to which this Warrant has been exercised, irrespective of the date of delivery of the Warrant Shares, provided that payment of the aggregate Exercise Price (other than in the case of a cashless exercise) is received within the earlier of (i) two (2) Trading Days and (ii) the number of Trading Days comprising the Standard Settlement Period following delivery of the Notice of Exercise. Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, upon delivery of the Notice of Exercise, the Holder shall be deemed for purposes of Regulation SHO under the Exchange Act to have become the holder of the Warrant Shares irrespective of the date of delivery of the Warrant Shares. If the Company fails for any reason to deliver to the Holder the Warrant Shares subject to a Notice of Exercise by the Warrant Share Delivery Date, the Company shall pay to the Holder, in cash, as liquidated damages and not as a penalty, for each $1,000 of Warrant Shares subject to such exercise (based on the VWAP of the Common Stock on the date of the applicable Notice of Exercise), $10 per Trading Day (increasing to $20 per Trading Day on the third (3rd) Trading Day after the Warrant Share Delivery Date) for each Trading Day after such Warrant Share Delivery Date until such Warrant Shares are delivered or Holder rescinds such exercise. The Company agrees to maintain a Transfer Agent that is a participant in the FAST program so long as this Warrant remains outstanding and exercisable. As used herein, “Standard Settlement Period” means the standard settlement period, expressed in a number of Trading Days, on the Company’s primary Trading Market with respect to the Common Stock as in effect on the date of delivery of the Notice of Exercise. Notwithstanding the foregoing, with respect to any Notice(s) of Exercise delivered on or prior to 12:00 p.m. (New York City time) on the Initial Exercise Date, which may be delivered at any time after the time of execution of the Underwriting Agreement, the Company agrees to deliver the Warrant Shares subject to such notice(s) by 4:00 p.m. (New York City time) on the Initial Exercise Date and the Initial Exercise Date shall be the Warrant Share Delivery Date for purposes hereunder, provided that payment of the aggregate Exercise Price (other than in the case of a cashless exercise) is received by such Warrant Share Delivery Date.

 

5

 

 

2.4.2. Delivery of New Warrants Upon Exercise. If this Warrant shall have been exercised in part, the Company shall, at the request of a Holder and upon surrender of this Warrant certificate, at the time of delivery of the Warrant Shares, deliver to the Holder a new Warrant evidencing the rights of the Holder to purchase the unpurchased Warrant Shares called for by this Warrant, which new Warrant shall in all other respects be identical with this Warrant.

 

2.4.3. Rescission Rights. If the Company fails to cause the Transfer Agent to transmit to the Holder the Warrant Shares pursuant to Section 2.4.1 by the Warrant Share Delivery Date, then the Holder will have the right to rescind such exercise.

 

2.4.4. Compensation for Buy-In on Failure to Timely Deliver Warrant Shares upon Exercise. In addition to any other rights available to the Holder, if the Company fails to cause the Transfer Agent to transmit to the Holder the Warrant Shares in accordance with the provisions of Section 2.4.1 above pursuant to an exercise on or before the Warrant Share Delivery Date, and if after such date the Holder is required by its broker to purchase (in an open market transaction or otherwise) or the Holder’s brokerage firm otherwise purchases, shares of Common Stock to deliver in satisfaction of a sale by the Holder of the Warrant Shares which the Holder anticipated receiving upon such exercise (a “Buy-In”), then the Company shall (A) pay in cash to the Holder the amount, if any, by which (x) the Holder’s total purchase price (including brokerage commissions, if any) for the shares of Common Stock so purchased exceeds (y) the amount obtained by multiplying (1) the number of Warrant Shares that the Company was required to deliver to the Holder in connection with the exercise at issue times (2) the price at which the sell order giving rise to such purchase obligation was executed, and (B) at the option of the Holder, either reinstate the portion of the Warrant and equivalent number of Warrant Shares for which such exercise was not honored and return any amount received by the Company in respect of the Exercise Price for those Warrant Shares (in which case such exercise shall be deemed rescinded) or deliver to the Holder the number of shares of Common Stock that would have been issued had the Company timely complied with its exercise and delivery obligations hereunder. For example, if the Holder purchases Common Stock having a total purchase price of $11,000 to cover a Buy-In with respect to an attempted exercise of shares of Common Stock with an aggregate sale price giving rise to such purchase obligation of $10,000, under clause (A) of the immediately preceding sentence the Company shall be required to pay the Holder $1,000. The Holder shall provide the Company written notice indicating the amounts payable to the Holder in respect of the Buy-In and, upon request of the Company, evidence of the amount of such loss. Nothing herein shall limit a Holder’s right to pursue any other remedies available to it hereunder, at law or in equity including, without limitation, a decree of specific performance and/or injunctive relief with respect to the Company’s failure to timely deliver shares of Common Stock upon exercise of the Warrant as required pursuant to the terms hereof.

 

2.4.5. No Fractional Shares or Scrip. No fractional shares or scrip representing fractional shares shall be issued upon the exercise of this Warrant. As to any fraction of a share which the Holder would otherwise be entitled to purchase upon such exercise, the Company shall, at its election, either pay a cash adjustment in respect of such final fraction in an amount equal to such fraction multiplied by the Exercise Price or round up to the next whole share.

 

6

 

 

2.4.6. Charges, Taxes and Expenses. Issuance of Warrant Shares shall be made without charge to the Holder for any issue or transfer tax or other incidental expense in respect of the issuance of such Warrant Shares, all of which taxes and expenses shall be paid by the Company, and such Warrant Shares shall be issued in the name of the Holder or in such name or names as may be directed by the Holder; provided, however, that, in the event that Warrant Shares are to be issued in a name other than the name of the Holder, this Warrant when surrendered for exercise shall be accompanied by the Assignment Form attached hereto as Exhibit 2.4.6 duly executed by the Holder and the Company may require, as a condition thereto, the payment of a sum sufficient to reimburse it for any transfer tax incidental thereto. The Company shall pay all Transfer Agent fees required for same-day processing of any Notice of Exercise and all fees to the Depository Trust Company (or another established clearing corporation performing similar functions) required for same-day electronic delivery of the Warrant Shares.

 

2.4.7. Closing of Books. The Company will not close its stockholder books or records in any manner which prevents the timely exercise of this Warrant, pursuant to the terms hereof.

 

2.5. Holder’s Exercise Limitations. The Company shall not effect any exercise of this Warrant, and a Holder shall not have the right to exercise any portion of this Warrant, pursuant to Section 2 or otherwise, to the extent that after giving effect to such issuance after exercise as set forth on the applicable Notice of Exercise, the Holder (together with the Holder’s Affiliates, and any other Persons acting as a group together with the Holder or any of the Holder’s Affiliates (such Persons, “Attribution Parties”)), would beneficially own in excess of the Beneficial Ownership Limitation (as defined below). For purposes of the foregoing sentence, the number of shares of Common Stock beneficially owned by the Holder and its Affiliates and Attribution Parties shall include the number of shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of this Warrant with respect to which such determination is being made, but shall exclude the number of shares of Common Stock which would be issuable upon (i) exercise of the remaining, unexercised portion of this Warrant beneficially owned by the Holder or any of its Affiliates or Attribution Parties and (ii) exercise or conversion of the unexercised or unconverted portion of any other securities of the Company (including, without limitation, any other Common Stock Equivalents) subject to a limitation on conversion or exercise analogous to the limitation contained herein beneficially owned by the Holder or any of its Affiliates or Attribution Parties. Except as set forth in the preceding sentence, for purposes of this Section 2.5, beneficial ownership shall be calculated in accordance with Section 13(d) of the Exchange Act and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder, it being acknowledged by the Holder that the Company is not representing to the Holder that such calculation is in compliance with Section 13(d) of the Exchange Act and the Holder is solely responsible for any schedules required to be filed in accordance therewith. To the extent that the limitation contained in this Section 2.5 applies, the determination of whether this Warrant is exercisable (in relation to other securities owned by the Holder together with any Affiliates and Attribution Parties) and of which portion of this Warrant is exercisable shall be in the sole discretion of the Holder, and the submission of a Notice of Exercise shall be deemed to be the Holder’s determination of whether this Warrant is exercisable (in relation to other securities owned by the Holder together with any Affiliates and Attribution Parties) and of which portion of this Warrant is exercisable, in each case subject to the Beneficial Ownership Limitation, and the Company shall have no obligation to verify or confirm the accuracy of such determination. In addition, a determination as to any group status as contemplated above shall be determined in accordance with Section 13(d) of the Exchange Act and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder. For purposes of this Section 2.5, in determining the number of outstanding shares of Common Stock, a Holder may rely on the number of outstanding shares of Common Stock as reflected in (A) the Company’s most recent periodic or annual report filed with the Commission, as the case may be, (B) a more recent public announcement by the Company or (C) a more recent written notice by the Company or the Transfer Agent setting forth the number of shares of Common Stock outstanding. Upon the written or oral request of a Holder, the Company shall within one (1) Trading Day confirm orally and in writing to the Holder the number of shares of Common Stock then outstanding. In any case, the number of outstanding shares of Common Stock shall be determined after giving effect to the conversion or exercise of securities of the Company, including this Warrant, by the Holder or its Affiliates or Attribution Parties since the date as of which such number of outstanding shares of Common Stock was reported. The “Beneficial Ownership Limitation” shall be 4.99% (or, upon election by a Holder prior to the issuance of any Warrants, 9.99%) of the number of shares of Common Stock outstanding immediately after giving effect to the issuance of shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of this Warrant. The Holder, upon notice to the Company, may increase or decrease the Beneficial Ownership Limitation provisions of this Section 2.5, provided that the Beneficial Ownership Limitation in no event exceeds 9.99% of the number of shares of Common Stock outstanding immediately after giving effect to the issuance of shares of Common Stock upon exercise of this Warrant held by the Holder and the provisions of this Section 2.5 shall continue to apply. Any increase in the Beneficial Ownership Limitation will not be effective until the 61st day after such notice is delivered to the Company. The provisions of this paragraph shall be construed and implemented in a manner otherwise than in strict conformity with the terms of this Section 2.5 to correct this paragraph (or any portion hereof) which may be defective or inconsistent with the intended Beneficial Ownership Limitation herein contained or to make changes or supplements necessary or desirable to properly give effect to such limitation. The limitations contained in this paragraph shall apply to a successor holder of this Warrant.

 

7

 

 

3.Certain Adjustments.

 

3.1. Stock Dividends and Splits. If the Company, at any time while this Warrant is outstanding: (i) pays a stock dividend or otherwise makes a distribution or distributions on shares of Common Stock or any other equity or equity equivalent securities payable in shares of Common Stock (which, for avoidance of doubt, shall not include any shares of Common Stock issued by the Company upon exercise of this Warrant), (ii) subdivides outstanding shares of Common Stock into a larger number of shares, (iii) combines (including by way of reverse stock split) outstanding shares of Common Stock into a smaller number of shares, or (iv) issues by reclassification of shares of Common Stock any shares of capital stock of the Company, then in each case the Exercise Price shall be multiplied by a fraction of which the numerator shall be the number of shares of Common Stock (excluding treasury shares, if any) outstanding immediately before such event and of which the denominator shall be the number of shares of Common Stock outstanding immediately after such event, and the number of Shares issuable upon exercise of this Warrant shall be proportionately adjusted such that the aggregate Exercise Price of this Warrant shall remain unchanged. Any adjustment made pursuant to this Section 3.1 shall become effective immediately after the record date for the determination of stockholders entitled to receive such dividend or distribution and shall become effective immediately after the effective date in the case of a subdivision, combination or re-classification.

 

3.2. [Reserved.]

 

3.3. Subsequent Rights Offerings. In addition to any other adjustments pursuant to Section 3.1 above, if at any time the Company grants, issues or sells any Common Stock Equivalents or rights to purchase stock, warrants, securities or other property pro rata to all (or substantially all) of the record holders of any class of shares of Common Stock (the “Purchase Rights”), then the Holder will be entitled to acquire, upon the terms applicable to such Purchase Rights, the aggregate Purchase Rights which the Holder could have acquired if the Holder had held the number of shares of Common Stock acquirable upon complete exercise of this Warrant (without regard to any limitations on exercise hereof, including without limitation, the Beneficial Ownership Limitation) immediately before the date on which a record is taken for the grant, issuance or sale of such Purchase Rights, or, if no such record is taken, the date as of which the record holders of shares of Common Stock are to be determined for the grant, issue or sale of such Purchase Rights (provided, however, that, to the extent that the Holder’s right to participate in any such Purchase Right would result in the Holder exceeding the Beneficial Ownership Limitation, then the Holder shall not be entitled to participate in such Purchase Right to such extent (or beneficial ownership of such shares of Common Stock as a result of such Purchase Right to such extent) and such Purchase Right to such extent shall be held in abeyance for the Holder until such time, if ever, as its right thereto would not result in the Holder exceeding the Beneficial Ownership Limitation).

 

3.4. Pro Rata Distributions. During such time as this Warrant is outstanding, if the Company shall declare or make any dividend or other distribution of its assets (or rights to acquire its assets) to all (or substantially all) holders of shares of Common Stock, by way of return of capital or otherwise (including, without limitation, any distribution of cash, stock or other securities, property or options by way of a dividend, spin off, reclassification, corporate rearrangement, scheme of arrangement or other similar transaction) (a “Distribution”), at any time after the issuance of this Warrant, then, in each such case, the Holder shall be entitled to participate in such Distribution to the same extent that the Holder would have participated therein if the Holder had held the number of shares of Common Stock acquirable upon complete exercise of this Warrant (without regard to any limitations on exercise hereof, including without limitation, the Beneficial Ownership Limitation) immediately before the date of which a record is taken for such Distribution, or, if no such record is taken, the date as of which the record holders of shares of Common Stock are to be determined for the participation in such Distribution (provided, however, that, to the extent that the Holder’s right to participate in any such Distribution would result in the Holder exceeding the Beneficial Ownership Limitation, then the Holder shall not be entitled to participate in such Distribution to such extent (or in the beneficial ownership of any shares of Common Stock as a result of such Distribution to such extent) and the portion of such Distribution shall be held in abeyance for the benefit of the Holder until such time, if ever, as its right thereto would not result in the Holder exceeding the Beneficial Ownership Limitation). To the extent that this Warrant has not been partially or completely exercised at the time of such Distribution, such portion of the Distribution shall be held in abeyance for the benefit of the Holder until the Holder has exercised this Warrant.

 

8

 

 

3.5. Fundamental Transaction. If, at any time while this Warrant is outstanding, (i) the Company, directly or indirectly, in one or more related transactions effects any merger or consolidation of the Company with or into another Person, (ii) the Company or any Subsidiary, directly or indirectly, effects any sale, lease, license, assignment, transfer, conveyance or other disposition of all or substantially all of its assets in one or a series of related transactions, (iii) any, direct or indirect, purchase offer, tender offer or exchange offer (whether by the Company or another Person) is completed pursuant to which holders of Common Stock are permitted to sell, tender or exchange their shares for other securities, cash or property and has been accepted by the holders of 50% or more of the outstanding Common Stock or 50% or more of the voting power of the common equity of the Company, (iv) the Company, directly or indirectly, in one or more related transactions effects any reclassification, reorganization or recapitalization of the Common Stock or any compulsory share exchange pursuant to which the Common Stock is effectively converted into or exchanged for other securities, cash or property, or (v) the Company, directly or indirectly, in one or more related transactions consummates a stock or share purchase agreement or other business combination (including, without limitation, a reorganization, recapitalization, spin-off, merger or scheme of arrangement) with another Person or group of Persons whereby such other Person or group acquires 50% or more of the outstanding shares of Common Stock or 50% or more of the voting power of the common equity of the Company (each a “Fundamental Transaction”), then, upon any subsequent exercise of this Warrant, the Holder shall have the right to receive, for each Warrant Share that would have been issuable upon such exercise immediately prior to the occurrence of such Fundamental Transaction, at the option of the Holder (without regard to any limitation in Section 2.5 on the exercise of this Warrant), the number of shares of Common Stock of the successor or acquiring corporation or of the Company, if it is the surviving corporation, and any additional consideration (the “Alternate Consideration”) receivable as a result of such Fundamental Transaction by a holder of the number of shares of Common Stock for which this Warrant is exercisable immediately prior to such Fundamental Transaction (without regard to any limitation in Section 2.5 on the exercise of this Warrant). For purposes of any such exercise, the determination of the Exercise Price shall be appropriately adjusted to apply to such Alternate Consideration based on the amount of Alternate Consideration issuable in respect of one share of Common Stock in such Fundamental Transaction, and the Company shall apportion the Exercise Price among the Alternate Consideration in a reasonable manner reflecting the relative value of any different components of the Alternate Consideration. If holders of Common Stock are given any choice as to the securities, cash or property to be received in a Fundamental Transaction, then the Holder shall be given the same choice as to the Alternate Consideration it receives upon any exercise of this Warrant following such Fundamental Transaction. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary, in the event of a Fundamental Transaction, the Company or any Successor Entity (as defined below) shall, at the Holder’s option, exercisable at any time concurrently with, or within 30 days after, the consummation of the Fundamental Transaction (or, if later, the date of the public announcement of the applicable Fundamental Transaction), purchase this Warrant from the Holder by paying to the Holder an amount of cash equal to the Black Scholes Value (as defined below) of the remaining unexercised portion of this Warrant on the date of the consummation of such Fundamental Transaction; provided, however, that, if the Fundamental Transaction is not within the Company’s control, including not approved by the Company’s Board of Directors, the Holder shall only be entitled to receive from the Company or any Successor Entity the same type or form of consideration (and in the same proportion), at the Black Scholes Value of the unexercised portion of this Warrant, that is being offered and paid to the holders of Common Stock of the Company in connection with the Fundamental Transaction, whether that consideration be in the form of cash, stock or any combination thereof, or whether the holders of Common Stock are given the choice to receive from among alternative forms of consideration in connection with the Fundamental Transaction; provided, further, that if holders of Common Stock of the Company are not offered or paid any consideration in such Fundamental Transaction, such holders of Common Stock will be deemed to have received common stock/shares of the Successor Entity (which Entity may be the Company following such Fundamental Transaction) in such Fundamental Transaction. “Black Scholes Value” means the value of this Warrant based on the Black-Scholes Option Pricing Model obtained from the “OV” function on Bloomberg, L.P. (“Bloomberg”) determined as of the day of consummation of the applicable contemplated Fundamental Transaction for pricing purposes and reflecting (A) a risk-free interest rate corresponding to the U.S. Treasury rate for a period equal to the time between the date of the public announcement of the applicable contemplated Fundamental Transaction and the Termination Date, (B) an expected volatility equal to the greater of (1) 100% and (2) the 100 day volatility as obtained from the HVT function on Bloomberg (determined utilizing a 365 day annualization factor) as of the Trading Day immediately following the public announcement of the applicable contemplated Fundamental Transaction, (C) the underlying price per share used in such calculation shall be the greater of (i) the sum of the price per share being offered in cash, if any, plus the value of any non-cash consideration, if any, being offered in such Fundamental Transaction and (ii) the highest VWAP during the period beginning on the Trading Day immediately preceding the public announcement of the applicable contemplated Fundamental Transaction (or the consummation of the applicable Fundamental Transaction, if earlier) and ending on the Trading Day of the Holder’s request pursuant to this Section 3.5, (D) a remaining option time equal to the time between the date of the public announcement of the applicable contemplated Fundamental Transaction and the Termination Date and (E) a zero cost of borrow. The payment of the Black Scholes Value will be made by wire transfer of immediately available funds (or such other consideration) within the later of (i) five (5) Business Days after the Holder’s election and (ii) the date of consummation of the Fundamental Transaction. The Company shall cause any successor entity in a Fundamental Transaction in which the Company is not the survivor (the “Successor Entity”) to assume in writing all of the obligations of the Company under this Warrant in accordance with the provisions of this Section 3.5 pursuant to written agreements in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Holder and approved by the Holder (without unreasonable delay) prior to such Fundamental Transaction and shall, at the option of the Holder, deliver to the Holder in exchange for this Warrant a security of the Successor Entity evidenced by a written instrument substantially similar in form and substance to this Warrant that is exercisable for a corresponding number of shares of capital stock of such Successor Entity (or its parent entity) equivalent to the shares of Common Stock acquirable and receivable upon exercise of this Warrant (without regard to any limitations on the exercise of this Warrant) prior to such Fundamental Transaction, and with an exercise price which applies the exercise price hereunder to such shares of capital stock (but taking into account the relative value of the shares of Common Stock prior to such Fundamental Transaction and the value of such shares of capital stock, such number of shares of capital stock and such exercise price being for the purpose of protecting the economic value of this Warrant immediately prior to the consummation of such Fundamental Transaction), and which is reasonably satisfactory in form and substance to the Holder. Upon the occurrence of any such Fundamental Transaction, the Successor Entity shall be added to the term “Company” under this Warrant (so that from and after the occurrence or consummation of such Fundamental Transaction, each and every provision of this Warrant referring to the “Company” shall refer instead to each of the Company and the Successor Entity or Successor Entities, jointly and severally), and the Successor Entity or Successor Entities, jointly and severally with the Company, may exercise every right and power of the Company prior thereto and the Successor Entity or Successor Entities shall assume all of the obligations of the Company prior thereto under this Warrant with the same effect as if the Company and such Successor Entity or Successor Entities, jointly and severally, had been named as the Company herein. For the avoidance of doubt, the Holder shall be entitled to the benefits of the provisions of this Section 3.5 regardless of (i) whether the Company has sufficient authorized shares of Common Stock for the issuance of Warrant Shares and/or (ii) whether a Fundamental Transaction occurs prior to the Initial Exercise Date.

 

9

 

 

3.6. Calculations. All calculations under this Section 3 shall be made to the nearest cent or the nearest 1/100th of a share, as the case may be. For purposes of this Section 3, the number of shares of Common Stock deemed to be issued and outstanding as of a given date shall be the sum of the number of shares of Common Stock (excluding treasury shares, if any) issued and outstanding.

 

3.7. Notice to Holder.

 

3.7.1. Adjustment to Exercise Price. Whenever the Exercise Price is adjusted pursuant to any provision of this Section 3, the Company shall promptly deliver to the Holder by email a notice setting forth the Exercise Price after such adjustment and any resulting adjustment to the number of Warrant Shares and setting forth a brief statement of the facts requiring such adjustment.

 

3.7.2. Notice to Allow Exercise by Holder. If (A) the Company shall declare a dividend (or any other distribution in whatever form) on the Common Stock, (B) the Company shall declare a special nonrecurring cash dividend on or a redemption of the Common Stock, (C) the Company shall authorize the granting to all holders of the Common Stock rights or warrants to subscribe for or purchase any shares of capital stock of any class or of any rights, (D) the approval of any stockholders of the Company shall be required in connection with any reclassification of the Common Stock, any consolidation or merger to which the Company (or any of its Subsidiaries) is a party, any sale or transfer of all or substantially all of its assets, or any compulsory share exchange whereby the Common Stock is converted into other securities, cash or property, or (E) the Company shall authorize the voluntary or involuntary dissolution, liquidation or winding up of the affairs of the Company, then, in each case, the Company shall cause to be delivered by email to the Holder at its last email address as it shall appear upon the Warrant Register of the Company, at least 20 calendar days prior to the applicable record or effective date hereinafter specified, a notice stating (x) the date on which a record is to be taken for the purpose of such dividend, distribution, redemption, rights or warrants, or if a record is not to be taken, the date as of which the holders of the Common Stock of record to be entitled to such dividend, distributions, redemption, rights or warrants are to be determined or (y) the date on which such reclassification, consolidation, merger, sale, transfer or share exchange is expected to become effective or close, and the date as of which it is expected that holders of the Common Stock of record shall be entitled to exchange their shares of Common Stock for securities, cash or other property deliverable upon such reclassification, consolidation, merger, sale, transfer or share exchange; provided that the failure to deliver such notice or any defect therein or in the delivery thereof shall not affect the validity of the corporate action required to be specified in such notice. To the extent that any notice provided in this Warrant constitutes, or contains, material, non-public information regarding the Company or any of the Subsidiaries, the Company shall simultaneously file such notice with the Commission pursuant to a Current Report on Form 8-K. The Holder shall remain entitled to exercise this Warrant during the period commencing on the date of such notice to the effective date of the event triggering such notice except as may otherwise be expressly set forth herein.

 

4.Transfer of Warrant.

 

4.1. Transferability. Subject to compliance with any applicable securities laws, this Warrant and all rights hereunder (including, without limitation, any registration rights) are transferable, in whole or in part, upon surrender of this Warrant at the principal office of the Company or its designated agent, together with a written assignment of this Warrant substantially in the form attached hereto as Exhibit 2.4.6 duly executed by the Holder or its agent or attorney and funds sufficient to pay any transfer taxes payable upon the making of such transfer. Upon such surrender and, if required, such payment, the Company shall execute and deliver a new Warrant or Warrants in the name of the assignee or assignees, as applicable, and in the denomination or denominations specified in such instrument of assignment, and shall issue to the assignor a new Warrant evidencing the portion of this Warrant not so assigned, and this Warrant shall promptly be cancelled. Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, the Holder shall not be required to physically surrender this Warrant to the Company unless the Holder has assigned this Warrant in full, in which case, the Holder shall surrender this Warrant to the Company within three (3) Trading Days of the date on which the Holder delivers an assignment form to the Company assigning this Warrant in full. The Warrant, if properly assigned in accordance herewith, may be exercised by a new holder for the purchase of Warrant Shares without having a new Warrant issued.

 

10

 

 

4.2. New Warrants. This Warrant may be divided or combined with other Warrants upon presentation hereof at the aforesaid office of the Company, together with a written notice specifying the names and denominations in which new Warrants are to be issued, signed by the Holder or its agent or attorney. Subject to compliance with Section 4.1, as to any transfer which may be involved in such division or combination, the Company shall execute and deliver a new Warrant or Warrants in exchange for the Warrant or Warrants to be divided or combined in accordance with such notice. All Warrants issued on transfers or exchanges shall be dated the initial issuance date of this Warrant and shall be identical with this Warrant except as to the number of Warrant Shares issuable pursuant thereto.

 

4.3. Warrant Register. The Company shall register this Warrant, upon records to be maintained by the Company for that purpose (the “Warrant Register”), in the name of the record Holder hereof from time to time. The Company may deem and treat the registered Holder of this Warrant as the absolute owner hereof for the purpose of any exercise hereof or any distribution to the Holder, and for all other purposes, absent actual notice to the contrary.

 

5.Miscellaneous.

 

5.1. No Rights as Stockholder until Exercise; No Settlement in Cash. This Warrant does not entitle the Holder to any voting rights, dividends or other rights as a stockholder of the Company prior to the exercise hereof as set forth in Section 2.4.1, except as expressly set forth in Section 3. Without limiting any rights of a Holder to receive Warrant Shares on a “cashless exercise” pursuant to Section 2.3 or to receive cash payments pursuant to Section 2.4.1 and Section 2.4.4 herein, in no event shall the Company be required to net cash settle an exercise of this Warrant.

 

5.2. Loss, Theft, Destruction or Mutilation of Warrant. The Company covenants that upon receipt by the Company of evidence reasonably satisfactory to it of the loss, theft, destruction or mutilation of this Warrant or any stock certificate relating to the Warrant Shares, and in case of loss, theft or destruction, of indemnity or security reasonably satisfactory to it (which, in the case of the Warrant, shall not include the posting of any bond), and upon surrender and cancellation of such Warrant or stock certificate, if mutilated, the Company will make and deliver a new Warrant or stock certificate of like tenor and dated as of such cancellation, in lieu of such Warrant or stock certificate.

 

5.3. Saturdays, Sundays, Holidays, etc. If the last or appointed day for the taking of any action or the expiration of any right required or granted herein shall not be a Business Day, then such action may be taken or such right may be exercised on the next succeeding Business Day.

 

5.4. Authorized Shares.

 

5.4.1. Reservation of Authorized and Unissued Shares. The Company covenants that, during the period the Warrant is outstanding, it will reserve from its authorized and unissued Common Stock a sufficient number of shares of Common Stock to provide for the issuance of the Warrant Shares upon the exercise of any purchase rights under this Warrant. The Company further covenants that its issuance of this Warrant shall constitute full authority to its officers who are charged with the duty of issuing the necessary Warrant Shares upon the exercise of the purchase rights under this Warrant. The Company will take all such reasonable action as may be necessary to assure that such Warrant Shares may be issued as provided herein without violation of any applicable law or regulation, or of any requirements of the Trading Market upon which the Common Stock may be listed. The Company covenants that all Warrant Shares which may be issued upon the exercise of the purchase rights represented by this Warrant will, upon exercise of the purchase rights represented by this Warrant and payment for such Warrant Shares in accordance herewith, be duly authorized, validly issued, fully paid and nonassessable (which means that no further sums are required to be paid by the holders thereof in connection with the issue thereof) and free from all taxes, liens and charges created by the Company in respect of the issue thereof (other than taxes in respect of any transfer occurring contemporaneously with such issue).

 

11

 

 

5.4.2. Noncircumvention. Except and to the extent as waived or consented to by the Holder, the Company shall not by any action, including, without limitation, amending its certificate of incorporation or through any reorganization, transfer of assets, consolidation, merger, dissolution, issue or sale of securities or any other voluntary action, avoid or seek to avoid the observance or performance of any of the terms of this Warrant, but will at all times in good faith assist in the carrying out of all such terms and in the taking of all such actions as may be necessary or appropriate to protect the rights of Holder as set forth in this Warrant against impairment. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, the Company will (i) not increase the par value of any Warrant Shares above the amount payable therefor upon such exercise immediately prior to such increase in par value, (ii) take all such action as may be necessary or appropriate in order that the Company may validly and legally issue fully paid and nonassessable Warrant Shares upon the exercise of this Warrant and (iii) use commercially reasonable efforts to obtain all such authorizations, exemptions or consents from any public regulatory body having jurisdiction thereof, as may be, necessary to enable the Company to perform its obligations under this Warrant.

 

5.4.3. Authorizations, Exemptions and Consents. Before taking any action that would result in an adjustment in the number of Warrant Shares for which this Warrant is exercisable or in the Exercise Price, the Company shall obtain all such authorizations or exemptions thereof, or consents thereto, as may be necessary from any public regulatory body or bodies having jurisdiction thereof.

 

5.5. Governing Law. All questions concerning the construction, validity, enforcement and interpretation of this Warrant shall be governed by and construed and enforced in accordance with the internal laws of the State of New York, without regard to the principles of conflicts of law thereof. Each party agrees that all legal proceedings concerning the interpretations, enforcement and defense of the transactions contemplated by this Warrant (whether brought against a party hereto or their respective affiliates, directors, officers, shareholders, partners, members, employees or agents) shall be commenced exclusively in the state and federal courts sitting in the City of New York. Each party hereby irrevocably submits to the exclusive jurisdiction of the state and federal courts sitting in the City of New York, Borough of Manhattan for the adjudication of any dispute hereunder or in connection herewith or with any transaction contemplated hereby or discussed herein, and hereby irrevocably waives, and agrees not to assert in any suit, action or proceeding, any claim that it is not personally subject to the jurisdiction of any such court, that such suit, action or proceeding is improper or is an inconvenient venue for such proceeding. Each party hereby irrevocably waives personal service of process and consents to process being served in any such suit, action or proceeding by mailing a copy thereof via registered or certified mail or overnight delivery (with evidence of delivery) to such party at the address in effect for notices to it under this Warrant and agrees that such service shall constitute good and sufficient service of process and notice thereof. Nothing contained herein shall be deemed to limit in any way any right to serve process in any other manner permitted by law. If either party shall commence an action, suit or proceeding to enforce any provisions of this Warrant, the prevailing party in such action, suit or proceeding shall be reimbursed by the other party for their reasonable attorneys’ fees and other costs and expenses incurred with the investigation, preparation and prosecution of such action or proceeding. Notwithstanding the foregoing, nothing in this paragraph shall limit or restrict the federal district court in which a Holder may bring a claim under the federal securities laws.

 

12

 

 

5.6. Restrictions. The Holder acknowledges that the Warrant Shares acquired upon the exercise of this Warrant, if not registered, and the Holder does not utilize cashless exercise, will have restrictions upon resale imposed by state and federal securities laws.

 

5.7. Nonwaiver and Expenses. No course of dealing or any delay or failure to exercise any right hereunder on the part of Holder shall operate as a waiver of such right or otherwise prejudice the Holder’s rights, powers or remedies, notwithstanding the fact that the right to exercise this Warrant terminates on the Termination Date. No provision of this Warrant shall be construed as a waiver by the Holder of any rights which the Holder may have under the federal securities laws and the rules and regulations of the Commission thereunder. Without limiting any other provision of this Warrant, if the Company willfully and knowingly fails to comply with any provision of this Warrant, which results in any material damages to the Holder, the Company shall pay to the Holder such amounts as shall be sufficient to cover any costs and expenses including, but not limited to, reasonable attorneys’ fees, including those of appellate proceedings, incurred by the Holder in collecting any amounts due pursuant hereto or in otherwise enforcing any of its rights, powers or remedies hereunder.

 

5.8. Notices. Any and all notices or other communications or deliveries to be provided by the Holders hereunder including, without limitation, any Notice of Exercise, shall be in writing and delivered personally, by e-mail, or sent by a nationally recognized overnight courier service, addressed to the Company, at 360 Massachusetts Avenue, Suite 203, Acton, MA 01720, Attention: Neil Dey, Chief Executive Officer, email address: Neil.Dey@bluejaydx.com, or such other email address or address as the Company may specify for such purposes by notice to the Holders. Any and all notices or other communications or deliveries to be provided by the Company hereunder shall be in writing and delivered personally, by e-mail, or sent by a nationally recognized overnight courier service addressed to each Holder at the e-mail address or address of such Holder appearing on the books of the Company. Any notice or other communication or deliveries hereunder shall be deemed given and effective on the earliest of (i) the time of transmission, if such notice or communication is delivered via e-mail at the e-mail address set forth in this Section 5.8 prior to 5:30 p.m. (New York City time) on any date, (ii) the next Trading Day after the time of transmission, if such notice or communication is delivered via e-mail at the e-mail address set forth in this Section 5.8 on a day that is not a Trading Day or later than 5:30 p.m. (New York City time) on any Trading Day, (iii) the second Trading Day following the date of mailing, if sent by U.S. nationally recognized overnight courier service, or (iv) upon actual receipt by the party to whom such notice is required to be given. To the extent that any notice provided hereunder constitutes, or contains, material, non-public information regarding the Company or any Subsidiaries, the Company shall simultaneously file such notice with the Commission pursuant to a Current Report on Form 8-K.

 

5.9. Limitation of Liability. No provision hereof, in the absence of any affirmative action by the Holder to exercise this Warrant to purchase Warrant Shares, and no enumeration herein of the rights or privileges of the Holder, shall give rise to any liability of the Holder for the purchase price of any Common Stock or as a stockholder of the Company, whether such liability is asserted by the Company or by creditors of the Company.

 

13

 

 

5.10. Remedies. The Holder, in addition to being entitled to exercise all rights granted by law, including recovery of damages, will be entitled to specific performance of its rights under this Warrant. The Company agrees that monetary damages would not be adequate compensation for any loss incurred by reason of a breach by it of the provisions of this Warrant and hereby agrees to waive and not to assert the defense in any action for specific performance that a remedy at law would be adequate.

 

5.11. Successors and Assigns. Subject to applicable securities laws, this Warrant and the rights and obligations evidenced hereby shall inure to the benefit of and be binding upon the successors and permitted assigns of the Company and the successors and permitted assigns of Holder. The provisions of this Warrant are intended to be for the benefit of any Holder from time to time of this Warrant and shall be enforceable by the Holder or holder of Warrant Shares.

 

5.12. Amendment. This Warrant may be modified or amended or the provisions hereof waived with the written consent of the Company, on the one hand, and the Holder, on the other hand.

 

5.13. Severability. Wherever possible, each provision of this Warrant shall be interpreted in such manner as to be effective and valid under applicable law, but if any provision of this Warrant shall be prohibited by or invalid under applicable law, such provision shall be ineffective to the extent of such prohibition or invalidity, without invalidating the remainder of such provisions or the remaining provisions of this Warrant.

 

5.14. Headings. The headings used in this Warrant are for the convenience of reference only and shall not, for any purpose, be deemed a part of this Warrant.

 

********************

 

[BJDX Investor Pre-Funded Registered Warrant Signature Page Follows]

 

14

 

 

[BJDX Investor Pre-Funded Registered Warrant Signature Page]

 

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the Company has caused this Pre-Funded Registered Warrant to be executed by its officer thereunto duly authorized as of the date first above indicated.

 

  BLUEJAY DIAGNOSTICS, INC.
     
  By:  
  Name:  Neil Dey
  Its: Chief Executive Officer

 

 

 

Exhibit 2.1

 

NOTICE OF EXERCISE

 

To: BLUEJAY DIAGNOSTICS, INC.

 

(1) The undersigned hereby elects to purchase ________ Warrant Shares of the Company pursuant to the terms of the attached Warrant (only if exercised in full), and tenders herewith payment of the exercise price in full, together with all applicable transfer taxes, if any.

 

(2) Payment shall take the form of (check applicable box):

 

☐ in lawful money of the United States.

 

if permitted the cancellation of such number of Warrant Shares as is necessary, in accordance with the formula set forth in subsection 2.3, to exercise this Warrant with respect to the maximum number of Warrant Shares purchasable pursuant to the cashless exercise procedure set forth in subsection 2.3.

 

(3) Please issue said Warrant Shares in the name of the undersigned or in such other name as is specified below:

 

_______________________________

 

The Warrant Shares shall be delivered to the following DWAC Account Number:

 

_______________________________

 

_______________________________

 

_______________________________

 

 

 

[SIGNATURE OF HOLDER]

 

Name of Investing Entity:    
     
Signature of Authorized Signatory of Investing Entity:    
     
Name of Authorized Signatory:    
     
Title of Authorized Signatory:    
     
Date:    

 

 

 

Exhibit 2.4.6

 

ASSIGNMENT FORM

 

(To assign the foregoing Warrant, execute this form and supply required information. Do not use this form to exercise the Warrant to purchase shares of Common Stock.)

 

FOR VALUE RECEIVED, the foregoing Warrant and all rights evidenced thereby are hereby assigned to

 

Name:

   
     
Address:    
     
Phone Number:    
     
Email Address:    
     
Date:    
     
Holder’s Signature:    
     
Holder’s Address:    

 

 

 

 

 

Exhibit 4.12

 

CLASS C WARRANT TO PURCHASE COMMON STOCK

 

BLUEJAY DIAGNOSTICS, INC.

 

Warrant Shares: [●]

Issuance Date: [●], 2024

 

THIS CLASS C WARRANT TO PURCHASE COMMON STOCK (the “Warrant”) certifies that, for value received, [●] or its assigns (the “Holder”) is entitled, upon the terms and subject to the limitations on exercise and the conditions hereinafter set forth, at any time on or after the Initial Exercise Date and on or prior to 5:00 p.m. (New York City time) on the five-year anniversary of the Initial Exercise Date (the “Termination Date”) but not thereafter, to subscribe for and purchase from Bluejay Diagnostics, Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “Company”), up to [●] shares (as subject to adjustment hereunder, the “Warrant Shares”) of Common Stock. The purchase price of one (1) share of Common Stock under this Warrant shall be equal to the Exercise Price, as defined in Section 2.2.

 

1.Definitions. In addition to the terms defined elsewhere in this Warrant or in the Underwriting Agreement dated June [●], 2024, the following terms have the meanings indicated in this Section 1:

 

1.1. “Affiliate” means any Person that, directly or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, controls or is controlled by or is under common control with a Person, as such terms are used in and construed under Rule 405 under the Securities Act.

 

1.2. “Bid Price” means, for any date, the price determined by the first of the following clauses that applies: (a) if the Common Stock is then listed or quoted on a Trading Market, the bid price of the Common Stock for the time in question (or the nearest preceding date) on the Trading Market on which the Common Stock is then listed or quoted as reported by Bloomberg L.P. (based on a Trading Day from 9:30 a.m. (New York City time) to 4:00 p.m. (New York City time)), (b) if OTCQB or OTCQX is not a Trading Market, the volume weighted average price of the Common Stock for such date (or the nearest preceding date) on OTCQB or OTCQX as applicable, (c) if the Common Stock is not then listed or quoted for trading on OTCQB or OTCQX and if prices for the Common Stock are then reported on the Pink Open Market (or a similar organization or agency succeeding to its functions of reporting prices), the most recent bid price per share of Common Stock so reported, or (d) in all other cases, the fair market value of a share of Common Stock as determined by an independent appraiser selected in good faith by the Holders of a majority in interest of the Warrants then outstanding and reasonably acceptable to the Company, the fees and expenses of which shall be paid by the Company.

 

1.3. “Board of Directors” means the board of directors of the Company.

 

1.4. “Business Day” means any day other than Saturday, Sunday or other day on which commercial banks in The City of New York are authorized or required by law to remain closed; provided, however, for clarification, commercial banks shall not be deemed to be authorized or required by law to remain closed due to “stay at home”, “shelter-in-place”, “non-essential employee” or any other similar orders or restrictions or the closure of any physical branch locations at the direction of any governmental authority so long as the electronic funds transfer systems (including for wire transfers) of commercial banks in The City of New York generally are open for use by customers on such day.

 

 

 

1.5. “Class D Warrant” means the Company’s Class D Warrants issued on the Issuance Date.

 

1.6. “Commission” means the United States Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

1.7. “Common Stock” means the common stock of the Company, $0.0001 par value per share, and any other class of securities into which such securities may hereafter be reclassified or changed.

 

1.8. “Common Stock Equivalents” means any securities of the Company or the Subsidiaries which would entitle the holder thereof to acquire at any time Common Stock, including, without limitation, any debt, preferred stock, right, option, warrant or other instrument that is at any time convertible into or exercisable or exchangeable for, or otherwise entitles the holder thereof to receive, Common Stock.

 

1.9. Effective Date means the date of the Underwriting Agreement.

 

1.10. Exercise Date means the date that some or all of this Warrant is exercised pursuant to the provisions of this Warrant.

 

1.11. Floor Price means (i) prior to Stockholder Approval, a price equal to fifty percent (50%) of the Nasdaq Minimum Price on the Pricing Date, as defined in Nasdaq Listing Rule 5635(d)(1)(A) (which price shall be appropriately adjusted for any stock dividend, stock split, stock combination, reclassification or similar transaction), or (ii) following Stockholder Approval, a price equal to twenty percent (20%) of the Nasdaq Minimum Price on the Pricing Date, as defined in Nasdaq Listing Rule 5635(d)(1)(A) (which price shall be appropriately adjusted for any stock dividend, stock split, stock combination, reclassification or similar transaction).

 

1.12. Initial Exercise Date means the first Trading Day following the Company’s notice to the Holder of Stockholder Approval, which notice shall be provided within two Trading Days of the Company’s receipt of Stockholder Approval.

 

1.13. Issuance Date means the date that this Warrant, among other securities, has been issued pursuant to the Underwriting Agreement.

 

1.14. “Exchange Act” means the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder.

 

1.15. “Person” means an individual or corporation, partnership, trust, incorporated or unincorporated association, joint venture, limited liability company, joint stock company, government (or an agency or subdivision thereof) or other entity of any kind.

 

2

 

 

1.16. “Registration Statement” means the Company’s registration statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-[●]).

 

1.17. “Reset Date” means the eleventh (11th) Trading Day after Stockholder Approval.

 

1.18. “Reset Period” means the period commencing on the first Trading Day after the date of Stockholder Approval and ending following the close of trading on the tenth (10th) Trading Day thereafter.

 

1.19. “Reset Price” means the greater of (i) the lowest daily Weighted Average Price of the shares of Common Stock during the Reset Period and (ii) the Floor Price (as adjusted for stock splits, stock dividends, recapitalizations, reorganizations, reclassification, combinations, reverse stock splits or other similar events occurring after the Subscription Date).

 

1.20. “Securities Act” means the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder.

 

1.21. “Stockholder Approval” means such approval as may be required by the applicable rules and regulations of the Nasdaq Capital Market (or any successor entity) from the stockholders of the Company, or board of directors in lieu thereof, with respect to issuance of all of the Warrants and the Warrant Shares upon the exercise thereof, including without limitation:

 

1.21.1. to render inapplicable clause (i) of the Floor Price in Section 3.2 hereof, thereby giving full effect to the adjustment in the exercise price and/or number of shares of Common Stock underlying the Warrants following any Dilutive Issuance (as defined below).

 

1.21.2. to consent to any adjustment to the exercise price or number of shares of Common Stock underlying the Warrants in the event of a Share Combination Event pursuant to Section 3.8.

 

1.21.3. to consent to the voluntary adjustment, from time to time, of the exercise price of any and all currently outstanding warrants pursuant to Section 3.9.

 

1.22. “Subsidiary” means any subsidiary of the Company and shall, where applicable, also include any direct or indirect subsidiary of the Company formed or acquired after the Issuance Date.

 

1.23. “Trading Day” means a day on which the Common Stock is traded on a Trading Market.

 

1.24. “Trading Market” means any of the following markets or exchanges on which the Common Stock is listed or quoted for trading on the date in question: the NYSE American, the Nasdaq Capital Market, the Nasdaq Global Market, the Nasdaq Global Select Market, the New York Stock Exchange, OTCQB or OTCQX (or any successors to any of the foregoing).

 

3

 

 

1.25. “Transfer Agent” means Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company, the current transfer agent of the Company, with a mailing address of 1 State Street, 30th Floor, New York, New York 10004 and an email address of cstmail@continentalstock.com, and any successor transfer agent of the Company.

 

1.26. “Underwriting Agreement” means the underwriting agreement, dated as of [●], 2024, between the Company and Aegis Capital Corp., as amended, modified or supplemented from time to time in accordance with its terms.

 

1.27. “VWAP” means, for any date, the price determined by the first of the following clauses that applies: (a) if the Common Stock is then listed or quoted on a Trading Market, the daily volume weighted average price of the Common Stock for such date (or the nearest preceding date) on the Trading Market on which the Common Stock is then listed or quoted as reported by Bloomberg L.P. (based on a Trading Day from 9:30 a.m. (New York City time) to 4:00 p.m. (New York City time)), (b) if OTCQB or OTCQX is not a Trading Market, the volume weighted average price of the Common Stock for such date (or the nearest preceding date) on OTCQB or OTCQX as applicable, (c) if the Common Stock is not then listed or quoted for trading on OTCQB or OTCQX and if prices for the Common Stock are then reported on the Pink Open Market (or a similar organization or agency succeeding to its functions of reporting prices), the most recent bid price per share of Common Stock so reported, or (d) in all other cases, the fair market value of a share of Common Stock as determined by an independent appraiser selected in good faith by the holders of a majority in interest of the Warrants then outstanding and reasonably acceptable to the Company, the fees and expenses of which shall be paid by the Company.

 

1.28. “Warrants” means this Warrant and the Class D Warrant to be issued by the Company pursuant to the Registration Statement.

 

2.Exercise.

 

2.1. Exercise of Warrant. Exercise of the purchase rights represented by this Warrant may be made, in whole or in part, at any time or times on or after the Initial Exercise Date and on or before the Termination Date by delivery to the Company of a duly executed PDF copy submitted by e-mail (or e-mail attachment) of the Notice of Exercise substantially in the form attached hereto as Exhibit 2.1 (the “Notice of Exercise”). Within the earlier of (i) two (2) Trading Days and (ii) the number of Trading Days comprising the Standard Settlement Period (as defined in Section 2.4.1 herein) following the date of exercise as aforesaid, the Holder shall deliver the aggregate Exercise Price for the Warrant Shares specified in the applicable Notice of Exercise by wire transfer or cashier’s check drawn on a United States bank unless the cashless exercise procedure specified in Section 2.3 below is specified in the applicable Notice of Exercise. No ink-original Notice of Exercise shall be required, nor shall any medallion guarantee (or other type of guarantee or notarization) of any Notice of Exercise be required. Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, the Holder shall not be required to physically surrender this Warrant to the Company until the Holder has purchased all of the Warrant Shares available hereunder and the Warrant has been exercised in full, in which case, the Holder shall surrender this Warrant to the Company for cancellation within three (3) Trading Days of the date on which the final Notice of Exercise is delivered to the Company. Partial exercises of this Warrant resulting in purchases of a portion of the total number of Warrant Shares available hereunder shall have the effect of lowering the outstanding number of Warrant Shares purchasable hereunder in an amount equal to the applicable number of Warrant Shares purchased. The Holder and the Company shall maintain records showing the number of Warrant Shares purchased and the date of such purchases. The Company shall deliver any objection to any Notice of Exercise within one (1) Trading Day of receipt of such notice. The Holder and any assignee, by acceptance of this Warrant, acknowledge and agree that, by reason of the provisions of this paragraph, following the purchase of a portion of the Warrant Shares hereunder, the number of Warrant Shares available for purchase hereunder at any given time may be less than the amount stated on the face hereof.

 

4

 

 

2.2. Exercise Price. The exercise price per Warrant Share shall be $[●], subject to adjustment hereunder (the “Exercise Price”).

 

2.3. Cashless Exercise. If at the time of exercise hereof there is no effective registration statement registering, or the prospectus contained therein is not available for the issuance of the Warrant Shares to the Holder or the resale of the Warrant Shares by the Holder, then this Warrant may also be exercised, in whole or in part, at such time by means of a “cashless exercise” in which the Holder shall be entitled to receive a number of Warrant Shares equal to the quotient obtained by dividing [(A-B) (X)] by (A), where:

 

(A) =as applicable: (i) the VWAP on the Trading Day immediately preceding the date of the applicable Notice of Exercise if such Notice of Exercise is (1) both executed and delivered pursuant to Section 2.1 hereof on a day that is not a Trading Day or (2) both executed and delivered pursuant to Section 2.1 hereof on a Trading Day prior to the opening of “regular trading hours” (as defined in Rule 600(b) of Regulation NMS promulgated under the federal securities laws) on such Trading Day, (ii) at the option of the Holder, either (y) the VWAP on the Trading Day immediately preceding the date of the applicable Notice of Exercise or (z) the Bid Price of the Common Stock on the principal Trading Market as reported by Bloomberg L.P. as of the time of the Holder’s execution of the applicable Notice of Exercise if such Notice of Exercise is executed during “regular trading hours” on a Trading Day and is delivered within two (2) hours thereafter (including until two (2) hours after the close of “regular trading hours” on a Trading Day) pursuant to Section 2.1 hereof or (iii) the VWAP on the date of the applicable Notice of Exercise if the date of such Notice of Exercise is a Trading Day and such Notice of Exercise is both executed and delivered pursuant to Section 2.1 hereof after the close of “regular trading hours” on such Trading Day;

 

(B) =the Exercise Price of this Warrant, as adjusted hereunder; and

 

(X) =the number of Warrant Shares that would be issuable upon exercise of this Warrant in accordance with the terms of this Warrant if such exercise were by means of a cash exercise rather than a cashless exercise.

 

5

 

 

If Warrant Shares are issued in such a cashless exercise, the parties acknowledge and agree that in accordance with Section 3(a)(9) of the Securities Act, the Warrant Shares shall take on the registered characteristics of the Warrants being exercised, and the holding period of the Warrant Shares being issued may be tacked on to the holding period of this Warrant. Assuming (i) the Holder is not an Affiliate of the Company, and (ii) all of the applicable conditions of Rule 144 promulgated under the Securities Act with respect to Holder and the Warrant Shares are met in the case of such a cashless exercise, the Company agrees that the Company will cause the removal of the legend from such Warrant Shares (including by delivering an opinion of the Company’s counsel to the Company’s transfer agent at its own expense to ensure the foregoing), and the Company agrees that the Holder is under no obligation to sell the Warrant Shares issuable upon the exercise of the Warrant prior to removing the legend. The Company agrees not to take any position contrary to this Section 2.3.

 

Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, on the Termination Date, this Warrant shall be automatically exercised via cashless exercise pursuant to this Section 2.3.

 

2.4. Mechanics of Exercise.

 

2.4.1. Delivery of Warrant Shares upon Exercise. The Company shall cause the Warrant Shares purchased hereunder to be transmitted by the Transfer Agent to the Holder by crediting the account of the Holder’s or its designee’s balance account with The Depository Trust Company through its Deposit or Withdrawal at Custodian system (“DWAC”) if the Company is then a participant in such system and either (A) there is an effective registration statement permitting the issuance of the Warrant Shares to or resale of the Warrant Shares by Holder or (B) the Warrant Shares are eligible for resale by the Holder without volume or manner-of-sale limitations pursuant to Rule 144 (assuming cashless exercise of the Warrants), and otherwise by physical delivery of a certificate or by electronic delivery (at the election of the Holder), for the number of Warrant Shares to which the Holder is entitled pursuant to such exercise to the address specified by the Holder in the Notice of Exercise by the date that is the earliest of (i) two (2) Trading Days after the delivery to the Company of the Notice of Exercise, (ii) one (1) Trading Day after delivery of the aggregate Exercise Price to the Company and (iii) the number of Trading Days comprising the Standard Settlement Period after the delivery to the Company of the Notice of Exercise (such date, the “Warrant Share Delivery Date”). Upon delivery of the Notice of Exercise, the Holder shall be deemed for all corporate purposes to have become the holder of record of the Warrant Shares with respect to which this Warrant has been exercised, irrespective of the date of delivery of the Warrant Shares, provided that payment of the aggregate Exercise Price (other than in the case of a cashless exercise) is received within the earlier of (i) two (2) Trading Days and (ii) the number of Trading Days comprising the Standard Settlement Period following delivery of the Notice of Exercise. Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, upon delivery of the Notice of Exercise, the Holder shall be deemed for purposes of Regulation SHO under the Exchange Act to have become the holder of the Warrant Shares irrespective of the date of delivery of the Warrant Shares. If the Company fails for any reason to deliver to the Holder the Warrant Shares subject to a Notice of Exercise by the Warrant Share Delivery Date, the Company shall pay to the Holder, in cash, as liquidated damages and not as a penalty, for each $1,000 of Warrant Shares subject to such exercise (based on the VWAP of the Common Stock on the date of the applicable Notice of Exercise), $10 per Trading Day (increasing to $20 per Trading Day on the third (3rd) Trading Day after the Warrant Share Delivery Date) for each Trading Day after such Warrant Share Delivery Date until such Warrant Shares are delivered or Holder rescinds such exercise. The Company agrees to maintain a Transfer Agent that is a participant in the FAST program so long as this Warrant remains outstanding and exercisable. As used herein, “Standard Settlement Period” means the standard settlement period, expressed in a number of Trading Days, on the Company’s primary Trading Market with respect to the Common Stock as in effect on the date of delivery of the Notice of Exercise. Notwithstanding the foregoing, with respect to any Notice(s) of Exercise delivered on or prior to 12:00 p.m. (New York City time) on the Initial Exercise Date, which may be delivered at any time after the time of execution of the Underwriting Agreement, the Company agrees to deliver the Warrant Shares subject to such notice(s) by 4:00 p.m. (New York City time) on the Initial Exercise Date and the Initial Exercise Date shall be the Warrant Share Delivery Date for purposes hereunder, provided that payment of the aggregate Exercise Price (other than in the case of a cashless exercise) is received by such Warrant Share Delivery Date.

 

6

 

 

2.4.2. Delivery of New Warrants Upon Exercise. If this Warrant shall have been exercised in part, the Company shall, at the request of a Holder and upon surrender of this Warrant certificate, at the time of delivery of the Warrant Shares, deliver to the Holder a new Warrant evidencing the rights of the Holder to purchase the unpurchased Warrant Shares called for by this Warrant, which new Warrant shall in all other respects be identical with this Warrant.

 

2.4.3. Rescission Rights. If the Company fails to cause the Transfer Agent to transmit to the Holder the Warrant Shares pursuant to Section 2.4.1 by the Warrant Share Delivery Date, then the Holder will have the right to rescind such exercise.

 

2.4.4. Compensation for Buy-In on Failure to Timely Deliver Warrant Shares upon Exercise. In addition to any other rights available to the Holder, if the Company fails to cause the Transfer Agent to transmit to the Holder the Warrant Shares in accordance with the provisions of Section 2.4.1 above pursuant to an exercise on or before the Warrant Share Delivery Date, and if after such date the Holder is required by its broker to purchase (in an open market transaction or otherwise) or the Holder’s brokerage firm otherwise purchases, shares of Common Stock to deliver in satisfaction of a sale by the Holder of the Warrant Shares which the Holder anticipated receiving upon such exercise (a “Buy-In”), then the Company shall (A) pay in cash to the Holder the amount, if any, by which (x) the Holder’s total purchase price (including brokerage commissions, if any) for the shares of Common Stock so purchased exceeds (y) the amount obtained by multiplying (1) the number of Warrant Shares that the Company was required to deliver to the Holder in connection with the exercise at issue times (2) the price at which the sell order giving rise to such purchase obligation was executed, and (B) at the option of the Holder, either reinstate the portion of the Warrant and equivalent number of Warrant Shares for which such exercise was not honored and return any amount received by the Company in respect of the Exercise Price for those Warrant Shares (in which case such exercise shall be deemed rescinded) or deliver to the Holder the number of shares of Common Stock that would have been issued had the Company timely complied with its exercise and delivery obligations hereunder. For example, if the Holder purchases Common Stock having a total purchase price of $11,000 to cover a Buy-In with respect to an attempted exercise of shares of Common Stock with an aggregate sale price giving rise to such purchase obligation of $10,000, under clause (A) of the immediately preceding sentence the Company shall be required to pay the Holder $1,000. The Holder shall provide the Company written notice indicating the amounts payable to the Holder in respect of the Buy-In and, upon request of the Company, evidence of the amount of such loss. Nothing herein shall limit a Holder’s right to pursue any other remedies available to it hereunder, at law or in equity including, without limitation, a decree of specific performance and/or injunctive relief with respect to the Company’s failure to timely deliver shares of Common Stock upon exercise of the Warrant as required pursuant to the terms hereof.

 

2.4.5. No Fractional Shares or Scrip. No fractional shares or scrip representing fractional shares shall be issued upon the exercise of this Warrant. As to any fraction of a share which the Holder would otherwise be entitled to purchase upon such exercise, the Company shall, at its election, either pay a cash adjustment in respect of such final fraction in an amount equal to such fraction multiplied by the Exercise Price or round up to the next whole share.

 

7

 

 

2.4.6. Charges, Taxes and Expenses. Issuance of Warrant Shares shall be made without charge to the Holder for any issue or transfer tax or other incidental expense in respect of the issuance of such Warrant Shares, all of which taxes and expenses shall be paid by the Company, and such Warrant Shares shall be issued in the name of the Holder or in such name or names as may be directed by the Holder; provided, however, that, in the event that Warrant Shares are to be issued in a name other than the name of the Holder, this Warrant when surrendered for exercise shall be accompanied by the Assignment Form attached hereto as Exhibit 2.4.6 duly executed by the Holder and the Company may require, as a condition thereto, the payment of a sum sufficient to reimburse it for any transfer tax incidental thereto. The Company shall pay all Transfer Agent fees required for same-day processing of any Notice of Exercise and all fees to the Depository Trust Company (or another established clearing corporation performing similar functions) required for same-day electronic delivery of the Warrant Shares.

 

2.4.7. Closing of Books. The Company will not close its stockholder books or records in any manner which prevents the timely exercise of this Warrant, pursuant to the terms hereof.

 

2.5. Holder’s Exercise Limitations. The Company shall not effect any exercise of this Warrant, and a Holder shall not have the right to exercise any portion of this Warrant, pursuant to Section 2 or otherwise, to the extent that after giving effect to such issuance after exercise as set forth on the applicable Notice of Exercise, the Holder (together with the Holder’s Affiliates, and any other Persons acting as a group together with the Holder or any of the Holder’s Affiliates (such Persons, “Attribution Parties”)), would beneficially own in excess of the Beneficial Ownership Limitation (as defined below). For purposes of the foregoing sentence, the number of shares of Common Stock beneficially owned by the Holder and its Affiliates and Attribution Parties shall include the number of shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of this Warrant with respect to which such determination is being made, but shall exclude the number of shares of Common Stock which would be issuable upon (i) exercise of the remaining, unexercised portion of this Warrant beneficially owned by the Holder or any of its Affiliates or Attribution Parties and (ii) exercise or conversion of the unexercised or unconverted portion of any other securities of the Company (including, without limitation, any other Common Stock Equivalents) subject to a limitation on conversion or exercise analogous to the limitation contained herein beneficially owned by the Holder or any of its Affiliates or Attribution Parties. Except as set forth in the preceding sentence, for purposes of this Section 2.5, beneficial ownership shall be calculated in accordance with Section 13(d) of the Exchange Act and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder, it being acknowledged by the Holder that the Company is not representing to the Holder that such calculation is in compliance with Section 13(d) of the Exchange Act and the Holder is solely responsible for any schedules required to be filed in accordance therewith. To the extent that the limitation contained in this Section 2.5 applies, the determination of whether this Warrant is exercisable (in relation to other securities owned by the Holder together with any Affiliates and Attribution Parties) and of which portion of this Warrant is exercisable shall be in the sole discretion of the Holder, and the submission of a Notice of Exercise shall be deemed to be the Holder’s determination of whether this Warrant is exercisable (in relation to other securities owned by the Holder together with any Affiliates and Attribution Parties) and of which portion of this Warrant is exercisable, in each case subject to the Beneficial Ownership Limitation, and the Company shall have no obligation to verify or confirm the accuracy of such determination. In addition, a determination as to any group status as contemplated above shall be determined in accordance with Section 13(d) of the Exchange Act and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder. For purposes of this Section 2.5, in determining the number of outstanding shares of Common Stock, a Holder may rely on the number of outstanding shares of Common Stock as reflected in (A) the Company’s most recent periodic or annual report filed with the Commission, as the case may be, (B) a more recent public announcement by the Company or (C) a more recent written notice by the Company or the Transfer Agent setting forth the number of shares of Common Stock outstanding. Upon the written or oral request of a Holder, the Company shall within one (1) Trading Day confirm orally and in writing to the Holder the number of shares of Common Stock then outstanding. In any case, the number of outstanding shares of Common Stock shall be determined after giving effect to the conversion or exercise of securities of the Company, including this Warrant, by the Holder or its Affiliates or Attribution Parties since the date as of which such number of outstanding shares of Common Stock was reported. The “Beneficial Ownership Limitation” shall be 4.99% (or, upon election by a Holder prior to the issuance of any Warrants, 9.99%) of the number of shares of Common Stock outstanding immediately after giving effect to the issuance of shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of this Warrant. The Holder, upon notice to the Company, may increase or decrease the Beneficial Ownership Limitation provisions of this Section 2.5, provided that the Beneficial Ownership Limitation in no event exceeds 9.99% of the number of shares of Common Stock outstanding immediately after giving effect to the issuance of shares of Common Stock upon exercise of this Warrant held by the Holder and the provisions of this Section 2.5 shall continue to apply. Any increase in the Beneficial Ownership Limitation will not be effective until the 61st day after such notice is delivered to the Company. The provisions of this paragraph shall be construed and implemented in a manner otherwise than in strict conformity with the terms of this Section 2.5 to correct this paragraph (or any portion hereof) which may be defective or inconsistent with the intended Beneficial Ownership Limitation herein contained or to make changes or supplements necessary or desirable to properly give effect to such limitation. The limitations contained in this paragraph shall apply to a successor holder of this Warrant.

 

8

 

 

3.Certain Adjustments.

 

3.1. Stock Dividends and Splits. If the Company, at any time while this Warrant is outstanding: (i) pays a stock dividend or otherwise makes a distribution or distributions on shares of Common Stock or any other equity or equity equivalent securities payable in shares of Common Stock (which, for avoidance of doubt, shall not include any shares of Common Stock issued by the Company upon exercise of this Warrant), (ii) subdivides outstanding shares of Common Stock into a larger number of shares, (iii) combines (including by way of reverse stock split) outstanding shares of Common Stock into a smaller number of shares, or (iv) issues by reclassification of shares of Common Stock any shares of capital stock of the Company, then in each case the Exercise Price shall be multiplied by a fraction of which the numerator shall be the number of shares of Common Stock (excluding treasury shares, if any) outstanding immediately before such event and of which the denominator shall be the number of shares of Common Stock outstanding immediately after such event, and the number of Shares issuable upon exercise of this Warrant shall be proportionately adjusted such that the aggregate Exercise Price of this Warrant shall remain unchanged. Any adjustment made pursuant to this Section 3.1 shall become effective immediately after the record date for the determination of stockholders entitled to receive such dividend or distribution and shall become effective immediately after the effective date in the case of a subdivision, combination or re-classification.

 

3.2. Subsequent Equity Sales. If, at any time while this Warrant is outstanding (such period, the “Adjustment Period”), the Company issues, sells, enters into an agreement to sell, or grants any option to purchase, or sells, enters into an agreement to sell, or grants any right to reprice, or otherwise disposes of or issues (or announces any offer, sale, grant or any option to purchase or other disposition), or, in accordance with this Section 3.2, is deemed to have issued or sold, any shares of Common Stock or Common Stock Equivalents for a consideration per share (the “New Issuance Price”) less than a price equal to the Exercise Price in effect immediately prior to such issue or sale or deemed issuance or sale (such Exercise Price then in effect is referred to as the “Applicable Price”) (the foregoing a “Dilutive Issuance”), then simultaneously with the consummation (or, if earlier, the announcement) of such Dilutive Issuance, the Exercise Price then in effect shall be reduced to an amount equal to the lower of (a) the New Issuance Price or (b) the lowest VWAP during the Five (5) consecutive Trading Days immediately following the Dilutive Issuance (such lower price, the “Base Share Price”) and the number of Warrant Shares issuable hereunder shall be proportionately increased such that the aggregate Exercise Price of this Warrant on the Issuance Date for the Warrant Shares then outstanding shall remain unchanged; provided that the Base Share Price shall not be less than the Floor Price (subject to adjustment for reverse and forward stock splits, recapitalizations and similar transactions following the date of the Underwriting Agreement). Notwithstanding the foregoing, if one or more Dilutive Issuances occurred prior to the Stockholder Approval being obtained and the reduction of the Exercise Price was limited by clause (i) of the definition of Floor Price, once the Stockholder Approval is obtained, the Exercise Price will automatically be reduced to equal the greater of (x) the lowest Base Share Price with respect to any Dilutive Issuance that occurred prior to the Stockholder Approval being obtained, and (y) the price determined by reference to clause (ii) of the definition of Floor Price. If the Company enters into a Variable Rate Transaction, the Company shall be deemed to have issued shares of Common Stock or Common Stock Equivalents at the lowest possible price, conversion price or exercise price at which such securities may be issued, converted or exercised. Notwithstanding the foregoing, no adjustments shall be made, paid or issued under this Section 3.2 in respect of an Exempt Issuance. For the avoidance of doubt, in the event the Exercise Price has been adjusted pursuant to this Section 3.2 and the Dilutive Issuance that triggered such adjustment does not occur, is not consummated, is unwound or is cancelled after the facts for any reason whatsoever, in no event shall the Exercise Price be readjusted to the Exercise Price that would have been in effect if such Dilutive Issuance had not occurred or been consummated. For all purposes of the foregoing, the following shall be applicable:

 

9

 

 

3.2.1. Issuance of Options. If, during the Adjustment Period, the Company in any manner grants or sells any Options and the lowest price per share for which one share of Common Stock is issuable upon the exercise of any such Option or upon conversion, exercise or exchange of any convertible securities (“Convertible Securities”) issuable upon exercise of any such Option (such shares of Common Stock issuable upon such exercise of any Option or upon conversion, exercise or exchange of any Convertible Securities, the “Convertible Securities Shares”) is less than the Applicable Price, then such shares of Common Stock shall be deemed to be outstanding and to have been issued and sold by the Company at the time of the granting or sale of such Option for such price per share. For purposes of this Section 3.2.1, the “lowest price per share for which one share of Common Stock is issuable upon the exercise of any such Option or upon conversion, exercise or exchange of any Convertible Securities issuable upon exercise of any such Option” shall be equal to (A) the sum of (1) the lowest amount of consideration (if any) received or receivable by the Company with respect to any one Convertible Securities Share upon the granting or sale of such Option, upon exercise of such Option and upon conversion, exercise or exchange of any Convertible Security issuable upon exercise of such Option and (2) the lowest exercise price set forth in such Option for which one Convertible Securities Share is issuable upon the exercise of any such Option or upon conversion, exercise or exchange of any Convertible Securities issuable upon exercise of any such Option, minus (B) the sum of all amounts paid or payable to the holder of such Option (or any other Person), with respect to any one Convertible Securities Share, upon the granting or sale of such Option, upon exercise of such Option and upon conversion, exercise or exchange of any Convertible Security issuable upon exercise of such Option plus the value of any other consideration received or receivable by, or benefit conferred on, the holder of such Option (or any other Person), with respect to any one Convertible Securities Share. Except as contemplated below, no further adjustment of the Exercise Price shall be made upon the actual issuance of such Convertible Securities Share or of such Convertible Securities upon the exercise of such Options or upon the actual issuance of such Convertible Securities Share upon conversion, exercise or exchange of such Convertible Securities.

 

3.2.2. Issuance of Convertible Securities. If, during the Adjustment Period, the Company in any manner issues or sells any Convertible Securities and the lowest price per share for which one Convertible Securities Share is issuable upon the conversion, exercise or exchange thereof is less than the Applicable Price, then such Convertible Securities Share shall be deemed to be outstanding and to have been issued and sold by the Company at the time of the issuance or sale of such Convertible Securities for such price per share. For the purposes of this Section 3.2.2, the “lowest price per share for which one Convertible Securities Share is issuable upon the conversion, exercise or exchange thereof” shall be equal to (A) the sum of (1) the lowest amount of consideration (if any) received or receivable by the Company with respect to one Convertible Securities Share upon the issuance or sale of the Convertible Security and upon conversion, exercise or exchange of such Convertible Security and (2) the lowest conversion price set forth in such Convertible Security for which one Convertible Securities Share is issuable upon conversion, exercise or exchange thereof, minus (B) the sum of all amounts paid or payable to the holder of such Convertible Security (or any other Person), with respect to any one Convertible Securities Share, upon the issuance or sale of such Convertible Security plus the value of any other consideration received or receivable by, or benefit conferred on, the holder of such Convertible Security (or any other Person), with respect to any one Convertible Securities Share. Except as contemplated below, no further adjustment of the Exercise Price shall be made upon the actual issuance of such Convertible Securities Share upon conversion, exercise or exchange of such Convertible Securities, and if any such issue or sale of such Convertible Securities is made upon exercise of any Options for which adjustment of the Exercise Price has been or is to be made pursuant to other provisions of this Section 3.2, except as contemplated below, no further adjustment of the Exercise Price shall be made by reason of such issue or sale.

 

3.2.3. Change in Option Price or Rate of Conversion. If, during the Adjustment Period, the purchase or exercise price provided for in any Options, the additional consideration, if any, payable upon the issue, conversion, exercise or exchange of any Convertible Securities, or the rate at which any Convertible Securities are convertible into or exercisable or exchangeable for shares of Common Stock increases or decreases at any time (other than proportional changes in conversion or exercise prices, as applicable, in connection with an event referred to in Section 3.1), the Exercise Price in effect at the time of such increase or decrease shall be adjusted to the Exercise Price which would have been in effect at such time had such Options or Convertible Securities provided for such increased or decreased purchase price, additional consideration or increased or decreased conversion rate, as the case may be, at the time initially granted, issued or sold. For purposes of this Section 3.2.3, if the terms of any Option or Convertible Security that was outstanding as of the date of issuance of this Warrant are increased or decreased in the manner described in the immediately preceding sentence, then such Option or Convertible Security and the Convertible Securities Share deemed issuable upon exercise, conversion or exchange thereof shall be deemed to have been issued as of the date of such increase or decrease. No adjustment pursuant to this Section 3.2 shall be made if such adjustment would result in an increase of the Exercise Price then in effect.

 

10

 

 

3.2.4. Calculation of Consideration Received. If any Option or Convertible Security is issued in connection with the issuance or sale or deemed issuance or sale of any other securities of the Company (the “Primary Security”, and such Option or Convertible Security, the “Secondary Securities” and together with the Primary Security, each a “Unit”), together comprising one integrated transaction, the aggregate consideration per share with respect to such Primary Security shall be deemed to be the lowest of (x) the purchase price of such Unit, (y) if such Primary Security is an Option and/or Convertible Security, the lowest price per share for which one share of Common Stock is at any time issuable upon the exercise or conversion of the Primary Security in accordance with Section 3.2.1 or 3.2.2 above and (z) the lowest VWAP of the shares of Common Stock on any Trading Day during the Five (5) consecutive Trading Days immediately following the consummation (or, if applicable, the announcement) of such Dilutive Issuance (for the avoidance of doubt, if such public announcement, if applicable, is released prior to the opening of the Principal Market on a Trading Day, such Trading Day shall be the first Trading Day in such Five (5) Trading Day period and if this Warrant is exercised on any given Exercise Date during any such period, the Holder may elect to earlier end such period (including, solely with respect to such portion of this Warrant exercised on such applicable Exercise Date)). If any shares of Common Stock, Options or Convertible Securities are issued or sold or deemed to have been issued or sold for cash, the consideration received therefor will be deemed to be the net amount of cash received by the Company therefor. If any shares of Common Stock, Options or Convertible Securities are issued or sold for a consideration other than cash, the amount of such consideration received by the Company will be the fair value of such consideration, except where such consideration consists of publicly traded securities, in which case the amount of consideration received by the Company for such securities will be the arithmetic average of the VWAPs of such security for each of the five (5) Trading Days immediately preceding the date of receipt. If any shares of Common Stock, Options or Convertible Securities are issued to the owners of the non-surviving entity in connection with any merger in which the Company is the surviving entity, the amount of consideration therefor will be deemed to be the fair market value of such portion of the net assets and business of the non-surviving entity as is attributable to such shares of Common Stock, Options or Convertible Securities (as the case may be). The fair market value of any consideration other than cash or publicly traded securities will be determined jointly by the Company and the Holder. If such parties are unable to reach agreement within ten (10) days after the occurrence of an event requiring valuation (the “Valuation Event”), the fair market value of such consideration will be determined within five (5) Trading Days after the tenth (10th) day following such Valuation Event by an independent, reputable appraiser jointly selected by the Company and the Holder. The determination of such appraiser shall be final and binding upon all parties absent manifest error and the fees and expenses of such appraiser shall be borne by the Company.

 

3.2.5. Record Date. If, during the Adjustment Period, the Company takes a record of stockholders for the purpose of entitling them (A) to receive a dividend or other distribution payable in shares of Common Stock, Options or in Convertible Securities or (B) to subscribe for or purchase shares of Common Stock, Options or Convertible Securities, then such record date will be deemed to be the date of the issue or sale of shares of Common Stock deemed to have been issued or sold upon the declaration of such dividend or the making of such other distribution or the date of the granting of such right of subscription or purchase (as the case may be).

 

3.3. Subsequent Rights Offerings. In addition to any other adjustments pursuant to Section 3, if at any time the Company grants, issues or sells any Common Stock Equivalents or rights to purchase stock, warrants, securities or other property pro rata to all (or substantially all) of the record holders of any class of shares of Common Stock (the “Purchase Rights”), then the Holder will be entitled to acquire, upon the terms applicable to such Purchase Rights, the aggregate Purchase Rights which the Holder could have acquired if the Holder had held the number of shares of Common Stock acquirable upon complete exercise of this Warrant (without regard to any limitations on exercise hereof, including without limitation, the Beneficial Ownership Limitation) immediately before the date on which a record is taken for the grant, issuance or sale of such Purchase Rights, or, if no such record is taken, the date as of which the record holders of shares of Common Stock are to be determined for the grant, issue or sale of such Purchase Rights (provided, however, that, to the extent that the Holder’s right to participate in any such Purchase Right would result in the Holder exceeding the Beneficial Ownership Limitation, then the Holder shall not be entitled to participate in such Purchase Right to such extent (or beneficial ownership of such shares of Common Stock as a result of such Purchase Right to such extent) and such Purchase Right to such extent shall be held in abeyance for the Holder until such time, if ever, as its right thereto would not result in the Holder exceeding the Beneficial Ownership Limitation).

 

3.4. Pro Rata Distributions. During such time as this Warrant is outstanding, if the Company shall declare or make any dividend or other distribution of its assets (or rights to acquire its assets) to all (or substantially all) holders of shares of Common Stock, by way of return of capital or otherwise (including, without limitation, any distribution of cash, stock or other securities, property or options by way of a dividend, spin off, reclassification, corporate rearrangement, scheme of arrangement or other similar transaction) (a “Distribution”), at any time after the issuance of this Warrant, then, in each such case, the Holder shall be entitled to participate in such Distribution to the same extent that the Holder would have participated therein if the Holder had held the number of shares of Common Stock acquirable upon complete exercise of this Warrant (without regard to any limitations on exercise hereof, including without limitation, the Beneficial Ownership Limitation) immediately before the date of which a record is taken for such Distribution, or, if no such record is taken, the date as of which the record holders of shares of Common Stock are to be determined for the participation in such Distribution (provided, however, that, to the extent that the Holder’s right to participate in any such Distribution would result in the Holder exceeding the Beneficial Ownership Limitation, then the Holder shall not be entitled to participate in such Distribution to such extent (or in the beneficial ownership of any shares of Common Stock as a result of such Distribution to such extent) and the portion of such Distribution shall be held in abeyance for the benefit of the Holder until such time, if ever, as its right thereto would not result in the Holder exceeding the Beneficial Ownership Limitation). To the extent that this Warrant has not been partially or completely exercised at the time of such Distribution, such portion of the Distribution shall be held in abeyance for the benefit of the Holder until the Holder has exercised this Warrant.

 

11

 

 

3.5. Fundamental Transaction. If, at any time while this Warrant is outstanding, (i) the Company, directly or indirectly, in one or more related transactions effects any merger or consolidation of the Company with or into another Person, (ii) the Company or any Subsidiary, directly or indirectly, effects any sale, lease, license, assignment, transfer, conveyance or other disposition of all or substantially all of its assets in one or a series of related transactions, (iii) any, direct or indirect, purchase offer, tender offer or exchange offer (whether by the Company or another Person) is completed pursuant to which holders of Common Stock are permitted to sell, tender or exchange their shares for other securities, cash or property and has been accepted by the holders of 50% or more of the outstanding Common Stock or 50% or more of the voting power of the common equity of the Company, (iv) the Company, directly or indirectly, in one or more related transactions effects any reclassification, reorganization or recapitalization of the Common Stock or any compulsory share exchange pursuant to which the Common Stock is effectively converted into or exchanged for other securities, cash or property, or (v) the Company, directly or indirectly, in one or more related transactions consummates a stock or share purchase agreement or other business combination (including, without limitation, a reorganization, recapitalization, spin-off, merger or scheme of arrangement) with another Person or group of Persons whereby such other Person or group acquires 50% or more of the outstanding shares of Common Stock or 50% or more of the voting power of the common equity of the Company (each a “Fundamental Transaction”), then, upon any subsequent exercise of this Warrant, the Holder shall have the right to receive, for each Warrant Share that would have been issuable upon such exercise immediately prior to the occurrence of such Fundamental Transaction, at the option of the Holder (without regard to any limitation in Section 2.5 on the exercise of this Warrant), the number of shares of Common Stock of the successor or acquiring corporation or of the Company, if it is the surviving corporation, and any additional consideration (the “Alternate Consideration”) receivable as a result of such Fundamental Transaction by a holder of the number of shares of Common Stock for which this Warrant is exercisable immediately prior to such Fundamental Transaction (without regard to any limitation in Section 2.5 on the exercise of this Warrant). For purposes of any such exercise, the determination of the Exercise Price shall be appropriately adjusted to apply to such Alternate Consideration based on the amount of Alternate Consideration issuable in respect of one share of Common Stock in such Fundamental Transaction, and the Company shall apportion the Exercise Price among the Alternate Consideration in a reasonable manner reflecting the relative value of any different components of the Alternate Consideration. If holders of Common Stock are given any choice as to the securities, cash or property to be received in a Fundamental Transaction, then the Holder shall be given the same choice as to the Alternate Consideration it receives upon any exercise of this Warrant following such Fundamental Transaction. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary, in the event of a Fundamental Transaction, the Company or any Successor Entity (as defined below) shall, at the Holder’s option, exercisable at any time concurrently with, or within 30 days after, the consummation of the Fundamental Transaction (or, if later, the date of the public announcement of the applicable Fundamental Transaction), purchase this Warrant from the Holder by paying to the Holder an amount of cash equal to the Black Scholes Value (as defined below) of the remaining unexercised portion of this Warrant on the date of the consummation of such Fundamental Transaction; provided, however, that, if the Fundamental Transaction is not within the Company’s control, including not approved by the Company’s Board of Directors, the Holder shall only be entitled to receive from the Company or any Successor Entity the same type or form of consideration (and in the same proportion), at the Black Scholes Value of the unexercised portion of this Warrant, that is being offered and paid to the holders of Common Stock of the Company in connection with the Fundamental Transaction, whether that consideration be in the form of cash, stock or any combination thereof, or whether the holders of Common Stock are given the choice to receive from among alternative forms of consideration in connection with the Fundamental Transaction; provided, further, that if holders of Common Stock of the Company are not offered or paid any consideration in such Fundamental Transaction, such holders of Common Stock will be deemed to have received common stock/shares of the Successor Entity (which Entity may be the Company following such Fundamental Transaction) in such Fundamental Transaction. “Black Scholes Value” means the value of this Warrant based on the Black-Scholes Option Pricing Model obtained from the “OV” function on Bloomberg, L.P. (“Bloomberg”) determined as of the day of consummation of the applicable contemplated Fundamental Transaction for pricing purposes and reflecting (A) a risk-free interest rate corresponding to the U.S. Treasury rate for a period equal to the time between the date of the public announcement of the applicable contemplated Fundamental Transaction and the Termination Date, (B) an expected volatility equal to the greater of (1) 100% and (2) the 100 day volatility as obtained from the HVT function on Bloomberg (determined utilizing a 365 day annualization factor) as of the Trading Day immediately following the public announcement of the applicable contemplated Fundamental Transaction, (C) the underlying price per share used in such calculation shall be the greater of (i) the sum of the price per share being offered in cash, if any, plus the value of any non-cash consideration, if any, being offered in such Fundamental Transaction and (ii) the highest VWAP during the period beginning on the Trading Day immediately preceding the public announcement of the applicable contemplated Fundamental Transaction (or the consummation of the applicable Fundamental Transaction, if earlier) and ending on the Trading Day of the Holder’s request pursuant to this Section ‎3.5, (D) a remaining option time equal to the time between the date of the public announcement of the applicable contemplated Fundamental Transaction and the Termination Date and (E) a zero cost of borrow. The payment of the Black Scholes Value will be made by wire transfer of immediately available funds (or such other consideration) within the later of (i) five (5) Business Days after the Holder’s election and (ii) the date of consummation of the Fundamental Transaction. The Company shall cause any successor entity in a Fundamental Transaction in which the Company is not the survivor (the “Successor Entity”) to assume in writing all of the obligations of the Company under this Warrant in accordance with the provisions of this Section 3.5 pursuant to written agreements in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Holder and approved by the Holder (without unreasonable delay) prior to such Fundamental Transaction and shall, at the option of the Holder, deliver to the Holder in exchange for this Warrant a security of the Successor Entity evidenced by a written instrument substantially similar in form and substance to this Warrant that is exercisable for a corresponding number of shares of capital stock of such Successor Entity (or its parent entity) equivalent to the shares of Common Stock acquirable and receivable upon exercise of this Warrant (without regard to any limitations on the exercise of this Warrant) prior to such Fundamental Transaction, and with an exercise price which applies the exercise price hereunder to such shares of capital stock (but taking into account the relative value of the shares of Common Stock prior to such Fundamental Transaction and the value of such shares of capital stock, such number of shares of capital stock and such exercise price being for the purpose of protecting the economic value of this Warrant immediately prior to the consummation of such Fundamental Transaction), and which is reasonably satisfactory in form and substance to the Holder. Upon the occurrence of any such Fundamental Transaction, the Successor Entity shall be added to the term “Company” under this Warrant (so that from and after the occurrence or consummation of such Fundamental Transaction, each and every provision of this Warrant referring to the “Company” shall refer instead to each of the Company and the Successor Entity or Successor Entities, jointly and severally), and the Successor Entity or Successor Entities, jointly and severally with the Company, may exercise every right and power of the Company prior thereto and the Successor Entity or Successor Entities shall assume all of the obligations of the Company prior thereto under this Warrant with the same effect as if the Company and such Successor Entity or Successor Entities, jointly and severally, had been named as the Company herein. For the avoidance of doubt, the Holder shall be entitled to the benefits of the provisions of this Section 3.5 regardless of (i) whether the Company has sufficient authorized shares of Common Stock for the issuance of Warrant Shares and/or (ii) whether a Fundamental Transaction occurs prior to the Initial Exercise Date.

 

12

 

 

3.6. Calculations. All calculations under this Section 3 shall be made to the nearest cent or the nearest 1/100th of a share, as the case may be. For purposes of this Section 3, the number of shares of Common Stock deemed to be issued and outstanding as of a given date shall be the sum of the number of shares of Common Stock (excluding treasury shares, if any) issued and outstanding.

 

3.7. Notice to Holder.

 

3.7.1. Adjustment to Exercise Price. Whenever the Exercise Price is adjusted pursuant to any provision of this Section 3, the Company shall promptly deliver to the Holder by email a notice setting forth the Exercise Price after such adjustment and any resulting adjustment to the number of Warrant Shares and setting forth a brief statement of the facts requiring such adjustment.

 

3.7.2. Notice to Allow Exercise by Holder. If (A) the Company shall declare a dividend (or any other distribution in whatever form) on the Common Stock, (B) the Company shall declare a special nonrecurring cash dividend on or a redemption of the Common Stock, (C) the Company shall authorize the granting to all holders of the Common Stock rights or warrants to subscribe for or purchase any shares of capital stock of any class or of any rights, (D) the approval of any stockholders of the Company shall be required in connection with any reclassification of the Common Stock, any consolidation or merger to which the Company (or any of its Subsidiaries) is a party, any sale or transfer of all or substantially all of its assets, or any compulsory share exchange whereby the Common Stock is converted into other securities, cash or property, or (E) the Company shall authorize the voluntary or involuntary dissolution, liquidation or winding up of the affairs of the Company, then, in each case, the Company shall cause to be delivered by email to the Holder at its last email address as it shall appear upon the Warrant Register of the Company, at least 20 calendar days prior to the applicable record or effective date hereinafter specified, a notice stating (x) the date on which a record is to be taken for the purpose of such dividend, distribution, redemption, rights or warrants, or if a record is not to be taken, the date as of which the holders of the Common Stock of record to be entitled to such dividend, distributions, redemption, rights or warrants are to be determined or (y) the date on which such reclassification, consolidation, merger, sale, transfer or share exchange is expected to become effective or close, and the date as of which it is expected that holders of the Common Stock of record shall be entitled to exchange their shares of Common Stock for securities, cash or other property deliverable upon such reclassification, consolidation, merger, sale, transfer or share exchange; provided that the failure to deliver such notice or any defect therein or in the delivery thereof shall not affect the validity of the corporate action required to be specified in such notice. To the extent that any notice provided in this Warrant constitutes, or contains, material,